Europe and America in the Cold War Against the USSR Term Paper

Pages: 3 (784 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Drama - World

Europe and America in the Cold War Against the U.S.S.R.

Without the implementation of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan, Europe's landscape would have looked very different in the first decade following World War II, and even today, many European areas would not be as prosperous.

Following World War II, Greece and Turkey were prime for the potential to fall under communism and Soviet rule, thus the $400 million in military and economic aid granted under the Truman Doctrine helped to fend off communism and, as Truman believed, prevented an inevitable domino effect throughout the region (Truman pp). Without this aid, Greece and Turkey would have resembled many of the Eastern European countries during the first decade after the War that did fall under communism, however it is not likely that communism would have succeeded for long, therefore, these countries would most likely look similar as they do today (Truman pp).

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Most of Europe was devastated by the War, including the local economies, agriculture, railways, bridges, roads, and a large number of merchant shipping boats (Marshall pp). Moreover, there were millions of people who had been left homeless (Marshall pp). As a direct result of the Marshall Plan, Europe experienced, during the first four years following World War II, the fastest period of growth in its history (Marshall pp). Without the implementation of the Marshall Plan, European recovery would have proceeded at a snail's pace, leaving many struggling for decades, and others vulnerable to communism (Marshall pp).

Without the Marshall Plan, within the first decade following the War would most likely have seen France and Italy under communist rule (Marshall pp). The probability of this was great due to the fact that widespread poverty in the post-war era provided fuel for conversion to the communist agenda (Marshall pp).

TOPIC: Term Paper on Europe and America in the Cold War Against the USSR Assignment

When Secretary of State George C. Marshall spoke at Harvard University on June 5, 1947, and outlined what would become known as the Marshall Plan, not only did Europe stand in devastation due to the War, but it had just survived one of the worst winters on record (Marshall1 pp). The European nations had nothing to sell for hard currency, and the democratic socialist governments in most countries were unwilling to adopt the draconian proposals for recovery advocated by old-line classical economists (Marshal1 pp). Therefore, something had to be done, for humanitarian reasons… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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APA Style

Europe and America in the Cold War Against the USSR.  (2005, July 28).  Retrieved December 8, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Europe and America in the Cold War Against the USSR."  28 July 2005.  Web.  8 December 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Europe and America in the Cold War Against the USSR."  July 28, 2005.  Accessed December 8, 2021.