Europe and the World European and Western Term Paper

Pages: 2 (822 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Drama - World

Europe and the World

European and Western powers and the colonial and post-colonial world -- India, Algeria, and Viet Nam

Western colonial domination of the ancient kingdoms of India, Vietnam, and Algeria may have marked 19th century world history. But anti-colonial resistance to this oppression marked the ideological debates of 20th century world history. However, the 20th century also saw the rise in the West of the concept of the 'common individual' both as a collective concept under communism and as a psychological phenomena with the rise of popular Freudian psychology in England, France, and America. Thus, while post-colonial societies themselves may have exhibited plurality of collective and individualistic forms of economic and political resistance to colonial oppression, when speaking to the West formerly colonized peoples often articulated resistance to oppression is articulated as an individualistic and personal concept of human liberation as well as national liberation.

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This melding of the personal and the national is best seen in the examples of Indian resistance articulated in White Teeth, by Zadie Smith. The friendship between two men, the white Cockney and Indian protagonists, is shown to heal both the wounds of colonialism, societal racism, and personal turmoil. The martial meshing, via a relationship, of Black and White British woman and man also becomes an imperfect testimony of the ability of personal relationships to heal political rifts in Britain, and as the daughter, the progeny of this union, proceeds to find happiness and love despite her mixed heritage. In fact, because of her dual exposure as a young person, to two different and contrasting cultures, she is able to be attracted to men of a variety of heritages. This also reflects the often-strident sense of British collective cultural imperialism that marked its domination of India, in everything from alterations in dress to sport.

Term Paper on Europe and the World European and Western Assignment

In Smith's novel, through achieving interpersonal, familial and sexual unity, the characters achieve the decolonization of the mind advocated by Aime Cesaire in his "Discourse on Colonialism." Cesaire stresses both those who share the heritage of the oppressors as well as the oppressed must be healed -- Cesaire speaks specifically of Algeria, of course, but Zadie Smith also suggests this is true of a multiracial postcolonial England. Unlike Francis Ford Coppola's portrayal of immediate American involvement in Vietnam, however, both Smith and Cesaire see hope for redemption outside of government constructs of nationhood and narrow definitions of identity, once nationhood has been achieved and military objectives are no longer of… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Europe and the World European and Western" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Europe and the World European and Western.  (2005, June 29).  Retrieved October 28, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Europe and the World European and Western."  29 June 2005.  Web.  28 October 2020. <>.

Chicago Style

"Europe and the World European and Western."  June 29, 2005.  Accessed October 28, 2020.