Journal: European Continent Is, According to Michael

Pages: 8 (2201 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 0  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Terrorism  ·  Buy This Paper

¶ … European Continent is, according to Michael T. Klare, likely to experience a major conflict between some of its powerful players as a consequence of the fact that society is rapidly heading toward a future that will mainly use alternative means of energy. As countries are going to get actively involved in taking advantage of their resources, corporations will express an increasing interest in exploiting this change by either financing more or less hidden wars or by manipulating individuals into getting involved in fights that they know actually very little about.

Klare emphasizes that the 'Thirty Years War' that Europeans and the whole world, for that matter, are likely to become a part of is probably going to be less bloody than the actual conflict that took place between 1618 and 1648. When considering that the initial Thirty Years War has had a strong influence on Europe consequent to the moment when it ended, it is only safe to claim that the war that the world is about to see is going to be very similar. One of the main differences between the two conflicts is that one started because of religious divergences while the other is going to start because of differences that corporations and countries will experience as a consequence of energy sources and how they are exploited.

While it is difficult to determine exactly when the conflict is likely to start, it is certain that problems will start to appear in the near future as oil resources are becoming scarce and as global warming highlights the need for alternative energy. This was also the case with the 1618-1648 conflict as people observed that conditions became critical even before the conflict started, taking into account that it was difficult and practically impossible for Protestants and Catholics to accept each-other's regulations.

Question 2.

Nicolo Machiavelli's "The Prince" and the documentary The Prince promote thinking associated with leaders having to adopt resolute attitudes in order to experience success. Machiavelli emphasized the fact that a successful leader did not necessarily have to express particular interest in the well-being of his people. Instead, such an individual would have to be able to be deceiving and to be able to present his or her followers with harsher or warmer attitudes.

Machiavelli believed that many leaders were wrong because they failed to accept the harsh reality of life. He promoted the belief that society needed to experience reform in order for people to be able to think more practical. It is surely difficult to address the matter of successful leadership and refrain from using the concept of harshness. A good leader would need to be ruthless in order to be able to keep his position and experience success.

Much has changed in the contemporary society and it would currently be impossible for leaders today to be appreciated by the world as a whole as a result of acting in accordance with principles that Machiavelli expresses. Many corporations today use marketing techniques that are not necessarily focused on ethics. They consider profits to be one of the most important ideas and that it would thus be futile to be good as long as success is the main purpose.

The U.S. adopted a harsh attitude toward Iran because this country represented a threat. Even with this, by considering the fact that U.S. actions have been moral in character, it would only be safe to say that a Machiavellian approach would have been much more destructive.

Question 3.

Keohane's article is focused on describing terrorism as a term that "has such negative connotations that it is very difficult to define in an analytically neutral and consistent way that commands general acceptance" (Keohane). Terrorism is a very complex concept and it is difficult for someone to relate to an actual terrorist event by using the word 'terrorism'. In order to be able to provide an accurate description of such an event one would have to go in-depth and to actually describe the circumstances of a particular terrorist act and reasons why it would be normal for the respective event to be categorized as terrorism.

Politicians are currently accustomed to using the word terrorism in a series of situations and this makes it even more difficult for the term to be associated with a clear definition and for the masses to be able to have a complex understanding of the concept. The term has recently become common because individuals tend to use it with the purpose of describing actions performed by their enemies, regardless of whether or not these respective actions qualify as being terrorist in character.

Keohane is certainly right in replacing the term 'terrorism' with 'informal violence' and it would even be logical for someone to use a more elaborate expression in order to describe what was previously understood as being a terrorist act.

Question 4.

Lenin perceived capitalism as being a simple stage of a process that would eventually transform society by making it focus on imperialism. While most people today perceive the contemporary society as being based on capitalist values, Lenin's theory of imperialism actually makes it possible for readers to be able to accept that many aspects of the world today point toward the belief that it is actually imperialist in character.

Lenin identified the fact that capitalism was evolving and that society experienced a graduate transition from free competition to a state of monopoly. From his perspective, monopoly is the most advanced stage of capitalism and many individuals failed to understand that imperialism was a new development promoting the concept of monopoly in general.

The Russian leader was obsessed with the idea that the world supported a system that exploited the majority with the purpose of providing resources for a small community that controlled society. He emphasized that capitalism was a strategy meant to influence the masses to believe that they are actually part of a world that promotes equal values, but that is actually very profitable for individuals who are in control. A series of institutions in the present actually contain a lot of imperialist features, with American and European imperialism being some of the most obvious cases.

Lenin considered that imperialism was successful because it provided the masses with the impression that they actually have power and that it is up to them to decide who is the individual or community in charge of important decisions that reflect (either positively or negatively) on them). Lenin basically wanted his analysis of capitalist evolution to demonstrate that many significant events in the early twentieth century were imperialist in character. By focusing on the evolution of capitalism he noted that the pro-imperialist trend became more and more common as influential players from around the world struggled to have their businesses grow at an alarming rate while the rest of society would be exploited to this purpose.

Question 5.

Ann Tickner's book "Gender in International Relations" goes at providing readers with an intriguing view concerning the difference between looking at international relations from a woman's perspective and from a man's perspective. Her book criticizes society for its tendency to look at matters solely from a patriarchal point-of-view. Ticker focused on demonstrating that most of history was described by men from the perspective of men, thus leaving little room for interpretation and making it seem that women do not actually play a significant role in history as a whole.

According to Tickner, "apart from the occasional head of state, there is little evidence to suggest that women have played much of a role in shaping foreign policy in any country in the twentieth century" (Tickner 1). The fact that feminism did not become a dominant concept until recent decades plays an important role in making the field of international relations inhospitable for women. The fact that, similar to society in general, international relations did not take the idea of gender seriously meant that women were not provided with the ability to get actively involved in the domain and that they are still likely to continue to experience problems as they attempt to address it.

The idea of terrorism would most likely from the one that is generally accepted today when regarding things from the perspective of a feminist because she or he would emphasize that conflicts are not entirely fought by men. As Tickner emphasizes, women also play an active role in fighting wars and it would thus be useful for a security expert to consider a potential terrorist act from the perspective of a woman, not just from one involving thinking expressed by men.

Question 6.

Francis Fukuyama's "The West has Won" discusses how history ended as authoritarian regimes have been defeated and as capitalism and democracy emerged as some of the most effective ideologies that have ever existed. Fukuyama's understanding of an end of history involves the world being no longer a place where authoritarian ideologies can succeed. By focusing of radical Islam as an ideology that is currently threatening for most individuals,… [END OF PREVIEW]

Four Different Ordering Options:

Which Option Should I Choose?

1.  Buy the full, 8-page paper:  $28.88


2.  Buy + remove from all search engines
(Google, Yahoo, Bing) for 30 days:  $38.88


3.  Access all 175,000+ papers:  $41.97/mo

(Already a member?  Click to download the paper!)


4.  Let us write a NEW paper for you!

Ask Us to Write a New Paper
Most popular!

Frederick the Great on the Art of War Term Paper

Marshall Plan and the Post 911 Global Research Paper

Motivations for and Effects of European Colonialism Term Paper

Designing a New Regulatory Framework for Telecommunications Interception and Access in Jordan Multiple Chapters

Consequences of the Black Death in the 14th Century Thesis

View 101 other related papers  >>

Cite This Journal:

APA Format

European Continent Is, According to Michael.  (2013, March 26).  Retrieved July 22, 2019, from

MLA Format

"European Continent Is, According to Michael."  26 March 2013.  Web.  22 July 2019. <>.

Chicago Format

"European Continent Is, According to Michael."  March 26, 2013.  Accessed July 22, 2019.