Term Paper: European Union's Holistic Security Policy

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[. . .] " (2005) The reason for the lack in consistency is reported to indicate that conditionality has been reduced due to the functional goal conflicts "of improving and institutionalizing relations with the neighboring countries." (2005) Schimmelfennig states that the ENP is formulated upon the commitment of the EU to the promotion of "core liberal values and norms beyond its borders." (2005)

Political conditionality is stated to be the main instrument of promotion a norm and assistance through direct democracy is such that serves to complement political conditionality " as a second instrument. (Schimmelfennig, 2005) It is related that because the European Union has as its basis the fundamental values of respect for "human dignity, liberty, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights" these are values that member states have in common and that is the method used by the EU in relations "with the wider world" as the EU has goals for protecting these values. The neighbors of the EU are reported to have committed to adhering to principles of fundamental human rights and freedoms and to multilateral treaties as well through their bilateral agreements with the EU. (Schimmelfennig, 2005)

According to Schimmelfennig, the prospects for democracy and promotion of human rights from the view of the EU European Neighborhood Policy, which is lacking a membership perspective for the ENP countries, and which lacks as well political conditionality external incentives for motivating target states to change domestic institutions and policies, does not have a chance for success. Moreover, because the regimes in ENP countries are primarily authoritarian and autocratic in nature it is reported that the "domestic power costs that they would incur by complying with EU standards, are likely to outweigh any incentives that the EU might have to offer them." (2005)

It is reported that the EU "draws up and negotiates Action Plans for each partner country. Given the various regional contexts and the highly different political and economic situations of the partner countries, the EU's and the partners' priorities and interests will vary strongly, and so will the content and the objectives of the individual Action Plans" (Schimmelfennig, 2005) Differentiation however, is stated to be such that must be constructed on a basis of a clear commitment to values that are shared. The EU is motivated toward relationships with its neighbors and that taken into account will be the "extent to which these values are effectively shared." (Schimmelfennig, 2005) The European Union is striving to bring all of its neighbors to a place of agreement over the strategies that will be utilized towards prevention of terrorism and peace-keeping operations In addition, the European Union has indicated its commitment to working with its neighbors toward the goal of peace building in attempting to disseminate a common ground between the EU and prospective EU member states represented by the European Union's neighbors in close proximity to the EU member states.


Emerson, Michael (2005) EU-Russia: Four Common Spaces and the Proliferation of the Fuzzy, CEPS Policy Brief No. 71

Emerson, Michael (ed) 2006 The Elephant and the Bear Try Again Options for a New Agreement between the EU and Russia, WWW.CEPS.BE

Emerson, Michael et al. (2006) A New Agreement between the EU and Russia: Why, what and when, CEPS Policy Brief No. 103.

Quille, G. (2004) The European Security Strategy: A Framework for EU Security Interests? International Peacekeeping, Vol.11, No.3, Autumn 2004, pp.422 -- 438. Retrieved from: http://dcafsp.tripod.com/readings/EU_Security%20Strategy.pdf

Schimmelfennig, F. (2005) European Neighborhood Policy: Political Conditionality and its Impact on Democracy in Non-Candidate Neighboring Countries. Paper prepared for the EUSA Ninth Biennial International Conference. Austin, March 31-April 2, 2005. Retrieved from: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=9&cad=rja&ved=0CHcQFjAI&url=http%3A%2F%2Faei.pitt.edu%2F3302%2F2%2FEuropean_Neighborhood_Policy.doc&ei=_MJCUYupEZTvqAHw2oGYAQ&usg=AFQjCNGu9sMK1k48EE9ziNzY6fgbA7fQgw&bvm=bv.43828540,d.aWM

The Common Security and Defense Policy of the European Union, Handbook CSDP (2010) (eds) Jochen Rehrl and Hans-Berhard Weisserth. Federal Ministry of Defense and Sports of the Republic of Austria Dannreuther, Roland. (2006) 'Developing the Alternative to Enlargement: The European Neighbourhood Policy'. European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 11 No. 2, p183-201. Retrieved from: http://consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cmsUpload/csdp_hand book_web.pdf [END OF PREVIEW]

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