Evidence and Analysis: The National Term Paper

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[. . .] Sandra Scheuer was killed while on her way to class; Jeffrey Miller was killed when taking part in the rally; William Schroeder was killed while looking at the fight between demonstrators and Guardsmen; and Allison Krause, who may or may not have been taking part in the rally, was also killed. Nine others were wounded. After the killings more than 450 universities and colleges throughout the nation were closed because of student or faculty protest strikes. Riots swept over the nation's campuses and at the ending of May the National Guard had been called out 24 times at 21 campuses in 16 states." http://www.stud.hum.ku.dk/rikkebj/kentframe.htm

This incident was happened during a rally, which was held at the university premises. After this incident many students protested against the demonstration of the university and they were very angry at their strategies of administration. The analysis and researches declares the fact that national guardsmen at the Kent state university were responsible for all the actions and they made strategic plans so that they could attack the Kent state university and could destroy its reputation. They became successful in doing so.

One rumor has it that the Guardsmen were told the same night that they would never be prosecuted by the state of Ohio. And they never were. The Nixon administration stalled for years, announcing "investigations" that led nowhere; White House tapes subsequently released show that Nixon thought demonstrators were bums, asked the Secret Service to go beat them up, and apparently felt that the Kent State victims had it coming. As did most of the country; William Gordon calls the killings "the most popular murders ever committed in the United States." http://www.spectacle.org/595/kent.html

This incident is still regarded as the most popular murders ever committed in the United States. This statement is strong enough to describe the harshness and the bitterness of the incident which was made on 4 May, 1970.The researches also show that the guardsmen were also not punished for their brutal action but other findings and researches show that some of them were arrested and punished by the police and the authorities of U.S.A. May 4, 1970 is still remembered by the families of the students who were killed on that day and they still blame the authorities of the Kent State University. It was due to this incident that the reputation and the goodwill of the university were badly affected.

The tragic events of May 4, 1970, had a profound impact on Kent State University, the nation and the world. In the ensuing years, Kent State's learning community has honored the memories of Allison Krause, Jeffrey Miller, Sandra Scheuer and William Schroeder with an enduring dedication to scholarship that seeks to prevent violence and promote democratic values from public service to civil discourse." http://www.kent.edu/History/may4_1970/index.cfm

The students and the people at the Kent state university and as well as the nation do remember this day every year. They honor the memories of the four dedicated students and they remember their sacrifice with respect and with the feeling of pride. They regard their spirit as an unmatchable spirit of pure dedication which helped the university and the state in preventing violence and which helped in promoting the democratic values. The detailed analysis of the incident also state that:

Kent State University was placed in an international spotlight after a tragic end to a student demonstration against the Vietnam War and the National Guard on May 4, 1970. Shortly after noon on that Monday, 13 seconds of rifle fire by a contingent of 28 Ohio National Guardsmen left four students dead, one permanently paralyzed, and eight others wounded. Not every student was a demonstration participant or an observer. Some students were walking to and from class. The closest student wounded was 30 yards away from the Guard, while the farthest was nearly 250 yards away." http://dept.kent.edu/ksumay4/welcome.htm

The description and investigation of the incident declares that the national guardsmen were very strict and in addition to the lives of the four people they also wounded many other students at the Kent state university. From there on the downfall of the university started and the university became a news for the country and for the nation, the students were fearing to enroll themselves as the students in Kent state university. The university, which was regarded as the topmost university of the country, was regarded as one of the dangerous place.

On May 4, 1970, Ohio National Guardsmen killed four college students and wounded nine others - one of them, Dean Kahler, is paralyzed below the waist - on the campus of Kent State University. Nobody was found guilty of the bloodletting. On that awful day, Guardsmen fired M-1 rifles,.45 pistols and a shotgun for 13 seconds, killing Allison Krause and Jeffrey Miller, ROTC student William Schroeder and Sandra Scheuer who was on her way to class, while wounding nine others. Many Americans were outraged at the shootings but the vast majority were not, apparently believing that a nation at war was threatened by "radical" challenges on college campuses and elsewhere and that a government at war was perfectly justified in spying on its dissenting citizens and sending provocateurs to disrupt antiwar opponents." http://www.antiwar.com/orig/polner.php?articleid=1856

The investigators also found the tools and instruments, which the national guardsmen used for committing such actions, and they stated that these tools remained in the custody of the police after the incident occurred. Although many protests and actions were made against this incident gut to no avail, these guardsmen were not humans as they treated the students and the people of Kent state university as if they were animals. It has also been noted that:

Some books were published quickly, providing a fresh but frequently superficial or inaccurate analysis of the shootings (e.g., Esterase and Roberts, 1970; Warren, 1970; Casale and Paskoff, 1971; Michener, 1971; Stone, 1971; Taylor et al., 1971; and Tompkins and Anderson, 1971). Numerous additional books have been published in subsequent years (e.g., Davies, 1973; Hare, 1973; Hensley and Lewis, 1978; Kelner and Munves, 1980; Hensley, 1981; Payne, 1981; Bills, 1988; and Gordon, 1997). These books have the advantage of a broader historical perspective than the earlier books, but no single book can be considered the definitive account of the events and aftermath of May 4, l970 at Kent State University" http://dept.kent.edu/sociology/lewis/LEWIHEN.htm

Many students and other people of the nation were made aware by the books which the authors wrote about the incident of May 4,1970.After thoroughly understanding the incident and its related factors the nation was with the students of the Kent state university and they were deeply depressed on the lives of the four people who were killed during this incident. The authors made an attempt to present the details and relative factors regarding the incident of May 4, 1970 and the nation can also participate to remember the loving memories of the dedicated students.

A new generation steps forward to stand with the people of the world. The Kent State Anti-War committee held a protest, 300 to 500 strong, on a day that symbolizes the crimes of U.S. imperialism and the people's defiance. Speakers at the rally (including Jeff Paterson, Tom Grace, C. Clark Kissinger, Steve Soseby, a message from Mumia Abu-Jamal, and representatives from All-African People's Revolutionary Party" http://rwor.org/a/v24/1151-1160/1151/kent.htm

Due to the importance and effectiveness of this incident many students of the Kent tae university have developed anti-war committees and these committees have also protested against the incidence of May 4, 1970.The purpose of the formation of such committees is to protect the rights of the students and to stop the people from committing such brutal actions. After realizing the importance of this incidence, now, the students at the university remember the four dedicated students in the following words:

In loving memory of: Allison Krause, Jeffrey Miller, Sandra Schever, and William Schroeder. As we held hands and meditated at the monument at Kent State University with the names of these 4 students etched into the stone, murdered by the Ohio National Guard on May 4, 1970, needless to say, it intrinsically touched us, and we suddenly found ourselves hugging and weeping, having come from the A20th anti-war event in DC in conjuction with the demonstrations against the IMF and World Bank." http://sf.indymedia.org/news/2002/05/126167.php

The paper will present a conclusion by answering the following questions related to the research study:

Does the study support or reject your hypothesis?

Founded 1910 as a normal school, became Kent State College in 1929, gained university status in 1935. The university's academic programs and research facilities include the Honors Center (begun in 1961 as an honors program, became in 1970 a separate college), the Center for Peaceful Change, and the Glenn H. Brown Liquid Crystal Institute. Seven regional campuses of the university offer associate degrees. In May, 1970, national attention was focused on the Kent State campus when four students were killed by Ohio National Guardsmen during an anti-Vietnam War protest." http://www.encyclopedia.com/html/K/KentS1tat.asp

The hypothesis of the paper is related to… [END OF PREVIEW]

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