Evolution and Development of Cognitive Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1275 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Doctorate  ·  Topic: Psychology

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
Cognitive therapy is particularly effective in the treatment of panic disorders. Not only is it as if not more effective than a number of other approaches, but it also leads to a significant reduction in antipanic medication usage (Beck, 1993). Eating disorders also respond well to Cognitive therapy, though a combination of cognitive therapy and imipramine is more effective than cognitive therapy alone (Beck, 1993).

What is even more interesting is that cognitive therapy has evolved alongside relatively new disorders, such as drug addiction. These are not new disorders, per se, but are disorders that have been newly identified. As such, there is not the same rigid adherence to the established protocols for treating these diseases. In 1993, investigators were studying the efficacy of cognitive therapy on drug abuse, bipolar disorder, HIV-specific depression, avoidant personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, sex offenders, posttraumatic stress disorders, multiple personality disorder, hypochondriasis, marital problems, family therapy, and even schizophrenic delusions and hallucinations (Beck, 1993). At that time, the impact of cognitive therapy in each of these areas was unknown, but it has become the standard in some areas. For example, default PTSD treatments now generally involve a strong cognitive component.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Term Paper on Evolution and Development of Cognitive Assignment

Perhaps because cognitive therapy is a relatively new treatment modality, there are a number of misconceptions about what cognitive therapy does. Vicki Gluhoski believes that cognitive therapy has been improperly evaluated by many mental health professionals and, in a 1994 article, did her best to dispel some of the myths that she felt plagued the science. The first of those myths was the idea that cognitive therapy focuses solely on symptom reduction and ignores personality reorganization (Gluhoski, 1994). Instead, Gluhoski maintains that while cognitive therapy may begin by addressing automatic thoughts, which should lead to some symptom reduction, that is only the starting point for the therapy (1994). "Underlying these thoughts may be assumptions of vulnerability and a core belief of helplessness. Cognitive therapy can help her to evaluate the automatic thoughts, underlying beliefs, and schema, leading to symptom reduction and a changed personal view" (Gluhoski, 1994). The second misconception Gluhoski highlights is the belief that cognitive therapy is superficial and mechanistic; in contrast, she maintains that cognitive therapy requires the therapist to focus on the individual and the specific contents of his cognitions, rather than a diagnostic label, making the therapy deeply personal to each patient (1994). In addition, this addresses the concerns of misconception number six, which is that cognitive therapy is not concerned with underlying motivations; on the contrary, without uncovering underlying motivations, it seems unlikely that a cognitive approach would result in any long-term behavior change (Gluhoski, 1994). The third misconception seems based on a psychoanalytic approach and suggests that cognitive therapy ignores the role of childhood experiences in adult psychopathology (Gluhoski, 1994). On the contrary, Gluhoski maintains that by examining underlying cognitions, which must have developed prior to the symptomatic manifestation of the psychopathology, the therapist does address childhood experiences (1994). Likewise, to allegations that cognitive therapy neglects interpersonal factors, Gluhoski provides the explanation that cognitive therapists do not begin with the assumption that a patient's negative perception of interpersonal relationships is unfounded, but look to the real life scenarios surrounding each individual (Gluhoski, 1994). Gluhoski simply rejects the notion that the therapeutic relationship is unimportant in cognitive therapy, and demonstrates that Beck emphasized the importance of that relationship and the emphasis on that relationship has not declined over time (1994).

References

Beck, A. (1993). Cognitive therapy: Past, present, and future. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61(2), 194-198.

Gluhoski, V. (1994). Misconceptions of cognitive therapy. Psychotherapy, 31(4), 594-600.

Montgomery, R. (1993). The ancient origins of cognitive therapy: The reemergence of stoicism.

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