Failed State Is Never Able Essay

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What are the consequences of the failed states thesis for international security?

Failed states present a real danger to international security peace and stability. This is a challenge that many world powers grapple with in their daily dealings to try and plant working democracies and market economies. In spite of all these efforts many scholars still remain skeptical on the ability for these failed states to rebuild again postulating that the problem is the nation state place in the world and not the failed states. In the 2002 National Security Strategy of the United States of America stated that failed states posed danger to the national security of the United States America whereas the European Union's 2003 security strategy documented failed states as a phenomenon that is alarming while in 2005 the United Nations secretary general reiterated that fragile states can lead to insecurity and lack of development and justice that are fundamental rights of the people.

Milton Leitenberg (2006) argues that the link between the collapse of a state and threat to international peace and stability is still blurred. From between the Westphalia period in 1648 during which the state was presented as the main actor in international relations, to the conclusion of the World War II, many wars between states presented real danger to international peace and stability. The First World War, he claims killed between thirteen and fifteen million people while the Second World War claimed between sixty five and seventy five people.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Essay on Failed State Is Never Able Assignment

The international legal system that is implemented by the security council has tried to minimize interstate wars through imposing blanket prohibition of using force while fighting other states unless for reasons of self defence, Henkin,(1979). As interstate wars decreased, intrastate wars increased. Estimates put the numbers at 77% of all armed conflicts were internal conflicts within states from 1945 to 1995. All these intrastate wars accounted for about 80% of all injuries from armed conflicts with 90% of these injuries being inflicted on the civilian population, Kenneth Waltz, (1979).

Conclusion

A review of literature indicates that failed states are a threat to their own citizens, citizens of their neighboring states (regions) and by extension to the citizens of thw whole world.It is therefore necessary for the global community to work together to ensure that the failure of states is avoided by the provision of humanitarian, financial, technical, military and all sorts of aid. The global organizations such as the UN should work together with all the states to ensure that there is the rule of law and the respect of human rights in all states.

References

Becker, B (2002). U.S. Conspiracy to Initiate the War Against Iraq

http://deoxy.org/wc/wc-consp.htm

Carment, David et. al. (2010), Carment, David; Prest, Stewart; Yaigadeesen, Samy, "Security,

Development and the Fragile State -- Bridging the gap between theory and policy," New York,

Routledge,

Collins, A. (2007) Contemporary Security Studies (Oxford University Press), 444pp

Helman, Garald B. And Ratner, Steven R. (1993), "Saving failed states" Foreign Policy vol. 89, pp. 3 -- 20.

Henkin, L (1979)HOW NATIONS BEHAVE:LAW AND FOREIGN POLICY (1st ed. 1968; 2d ed. 1979)

Lars Hededam, L, Van Der Aa Kuhle, H and Olsen, SH (2010)Led approaches to a failed state.Somalia and the Union of Islamic Courts.

http://rudar.ruc.dk/bitstream/1800/5082/4/zFailed%2520Approaches%2520to%2520a%2520Failed%2520State%2520%25e2%2580%2593%2520Somalia%2520and%2520the%2520Union%2520of%2520Islamic%2520Courts.pdf

Leitenberg, M (2006).Deaths in Wars and Conflicts in the 20th Century

http://www.cissm.umd.edu/papers/files/deathswarsconflictsjune52006.pdf

Luft, G and Korin, A (2004). Terrorism Goes to Sea

http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/60266/gal-luft-and-anne-korin/terrorism-goes-to-sea

Mortensen, Janus (1998) "Fredit & sikkerhedit I politisk-filosofisk perspektiv" Forlaget Politiske

Studier, Institut for statskundskab, Kobenhavn

Murray, P (2006). Howard's "failed states" doctrine masks imperialist resource grab http://socialism.com/drupal-6.8/?q=node/1500

Newman, E (2009). Failed States and International Order:

Constructing a Post-Westphalian World. Contemporary Security Policy, Vol.30, No.3 (December 2009), pp.421 -- 443

Rotberg, Robert (2002), "The New Nature of Nation-State Failure," Washington Quarterly, XXV.

Rubin, Barnett R. (2008), "The Politics of Security in Post conflict State building," in Call, Charles T. & Vanessa Wyeth (Eds.) "Building States to Build Peace," London, Lyenne Rienner Publications

Tilly, Charles (1975), "The Formation of national states in Western Europe," Princeton, N.J, Princeton University Press

Torres, M., & M. Anderson (2004), 'Fragile States: Defining Difficult Environments for Poverty Reduction', Policy Division, Department for International Development (DFID), London.

Waltz, K (1979).Theory of International Politics. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1979; [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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