Fidel Castro Was a Communist Term Paper

Pages: 7 (2288 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 9  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Literature - Latin-American

Still further, when the Soviet Union's policies diverged from the Castro beliefs for internationalist behavior, he did not hesitate to criticize them. Castro was willing to stake even the relationship with the U.S.S.R. On his belief in developing Cuba (Robbins, 44).

It is obvious that Castro was, at least in the beginning of his revolution in 1959, only playing to political game to the extent that would continue support from Russia. His policies were not communist in nature, and his opinions, never quieted, were outwardly against many of the communist and socialist ideas of the Soviet Union, his primary support. Had Castro been a communist by this time, his opinions would have been far more on the side of the U.S.S.R.

It was only directly prior to the Bay of Pigs invasion that Castro declared himself and Cuba to be Marxist-Leninist. Many believe this was only an effort to ensure the Soviet Union's protection of Cuba from the United States (Smith, 54). In the face of losing all the development Castro had worked for, he was willing to sever any and all ties to anti-communist countries, in an effort to ensure his countries survival.

There are some critics who claim that Castro was a communist from the beginning of his career. On the extreme side of this argument are those who believe Castro worked for the Soviet Union as an agent in Mexico when he was twenty-one years old. Many saw Castro's apparent friendliness to the United States in the beginning of 1959 as a ploy to give Cuba and the Soviet Union enough time to solidify control of the Cuban economy (Robbins, 73).Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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Term Paper on Fidel Castro Was a Communist Assignment

When examining Castro's actions, however, it is clear that he was not committed to Communism. Throughout his rise to power, Castro denied any link to Communism, including denying any Communist sympathies, ties, or any plans to adopt a Communist model for Cuban future. Castro was against any form of dictatorship, by any means, and thus, was not in favor of communism (Smith, 47). Further, the revolution never received support from any Communist party. As a matter of fact, the Cuban Communist Party often showed concern over Castro's friendly relations with the United States in the beginning of 1959 (Smith, 43).

Even the CIA could not find a link between Castro and the Cuban Communist Party or Moscow. After doing a complete check on Castro in 1957, the CIA determined there was no evidence that Castro was a Communist. As late as November of 1959, Deputy CIA Director General Cabell testified to a Senate Subcommittee that the Cuban Communist Party did not consider Castro a member, nor even an alley (Zeitlin and Scheer, 111).

Castro was, without doubt, not a fan of imperialism. His associations over the years did contain members of the Communist party, and those who firmly believed in socialism. From his early alliances in the 26th of July movement to his later alliances with the Soviet Union, Castro had obvious ties to Communists.

However, Castro's policies were not Communist in nature, nor were his beliefs about the future of Cuba. While he did believe that the working class should hold a high place in society, he sought to gain that place through development, and through attainment of independence form the United States, and from the imperialist world. His beliefs held that dictatorship, whether of person, country or property, was not proper in relation to the rights of people.

Although there have always been, and always will be, rumors of Castro and Communism, there is no evidence in his policies, foreign or domestic, his practices in the years around 1959, or in his own words or speeches at that time that can show he was a Communist. In fact, if anything, there are numerous signals to the contrary. Castro's attempts were always for the benefit of the working class, and although his eventual political stance may have changed, it is simple to see that Fidel Castro was not a communist when he assumed power of Cuba in 1959.


'Castro, Fidel." 2000. A& E. Television Networks online. 11 Nov 2004. .

Binns, Peter and Gonzalez, Mike. "Cuba, Castro, and Socialism." International Socialism Journal 2.8 (Spring, 1980): 1-36.

Gruss, Jean. "Questions Circle Seized Property." Tampa Tribune. 16 March 1998: E16.

O'Connor, James. The Origins of Socialism in Cuba. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1970.

Robbins, Carla Anne. The Cuban Threat. Philadelphia, PA: ISHI Publications, 1985.

Smith, Wayne S. The Closest of Enemies New York, NY W.W. Norton and Company, 1987.

Taber, Mike. "Series Will Highlight First Steps of Workers and Farmers in… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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"Fidel Castro Was a Communist."  November 16, 2004.  Accessed February 28, 2021.