Fight Against Hurricane Katrina in a Political Environment Set on Fighting TerrorismTerm Paper

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[. . .] Governmental agencies were practically encouraged to take up arms against terrorism and they acknowledged the significance of doing this in a united front. "By creating this broader definition of homeland security, DHS is stressing the diversity of organizations and individuals who have responsibility for, and interest in, the safety and security of the United States -- from the President, as Commander in Chief, to the Secretary of the DHS, Secretaries of other federal departments and agencies (D&A's), to Governors, Mayors, City Council Chairs, business leaders, nongovernmental leaders, educators, first responders, Neighborhood Watch captains, and down to each and every citizen." (Bullock, Haddow, & Coppola 2012, p. 8) This makes it possible for someone to understand the magnitude of the situation and the way in which the Department of Homeland Security enabled the masses to play a more active role in fighting terrorism.

Employing a critical thinking plan in a Homeland Security agenda

In order to be able to efficiently address threats that the country can encounter, the authorities should have allowed the Department of Homeland Security to become an institution that addressed more than one threat. Terrorism comes in many forms and in some cases it can actually-based locally. The Wisconsin Sikh Temple Killings took place on August 5, 2012, and they involved Wade Michael Page, a 40-year-old white supremacist starting to fire live ammunition in the parking lot associated with a Sikh temple. He continued the shooting by going inside the temple and shooting several congregants. He committed suicide after being shot by a law enforcement officer in order to avoid being captured.

A series of communities that fight discrimination in the U.S. have noticed Page to have been actively involved in extremist groups and in promoting antisocial behaviors. "He had participated in several white supremacist rock bands with names like "Definite Hate," and had drawn the attention of groups that monitor extremist activity." (Matthews) Opinions regarding the shooting varied, as Wisconsin officials believed that the act could be categorized as "domestic terrorism" while Sikh devotees believed that it was a hate crime.

In spite of the fact that the Department of Homeland Security had been acquainted with numerous hate groups in the U.S. that were known to promote such behaviors, the institution could not address each suspect on account of the probability of him or her being likely to engage in acts similar to the Sikh shooting. It would be difficult and almost impossible to determine whether or not the department could have understood the fact that Page was likely to perform the shooting.

A former Homeland Security analyst, Daryl Johnson, appears to believe that the department could have actually picked up on a series of pointers that emphasized Page as a person who was especially dangerous. One of the first elements that differentiated him from other extremists is the fact that he had had military training. A person with such a mindset and with military training is obviously more dangerous and more likely to cause widespread harm as long as he or she wants to do so. According to Johnson, the Department of Homeland Security typically identifies individuals like Page and report them to the FBI for further investigation. In this situation it seems that the action was delayed and it would be impossible to tell if it would have ever occurred, taking into account Page's history of putting across extremist behaviors.

A tool to fight terrorism and protect the homeland

The 9/11 events represented one of the most devastating catastrophes in U.S. history. As a consequence, the authorities and the Bush Administration got actively involved in devising a plan that would both prevent such events from taking place and focus on reducing damage associated with their effects. The U.S. government's architecture and policies were revised consequent to 2001 in order for the country to be able to protect its people to a larger degree and to make terrorist acts less likely to happen. The creation of the Department of Homeland Security was seen by many to be an answer to terrorism. In parallel to the PATRIOT act, the department would bring on a series of forces that could seriously undermine any sort of terrorist activities both inside the U.S. And internationally.

According to Daryl Johnson, the contemporary Homeland Security environment is concentrated on Muslim terrorist groups, with just one analyst in the institution having the task to concentrate on non-Muslims. Considering this and the fact that the nation as a whole seems to find it difficult to get away from the stereotypical terrorist, it would be safe to say that the Department of Homeland Security still has problems addressing the matter from a general point-of-view.

Conclusion

The Wisconsin Sikh Shootings left a severe mark on U.S. history, especially considering the fact that it came in a time when people still related to the typical terrorist when coming across an idea involving terrorism as a whole. This proves that by adopting a general (and more complex at the same time) view on the matter, the authorities are more likely to succeed in identifying and in capturing terrorists.

Works cited:

Bullock, J., Haddow, G, & Coppola, D.P., "Introduction to Homeland Security: Principles of All-Hazards Risk Management," (Elsevier, 2012)

Kiltz, Linda, "Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management," Retrieved October 22, 2014, from http://www.innovative-analytics.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/DevelopingCriticalThinking.pdf

Matthews, J. "Mass Shootings: Six Steps to Survival," (eBooks2go, 10 Jan 2014)

Purpura, P. "Terrorism and Homeland Security: An Introduction with Applications," (Butterworth-Heinemann, 29 Aug 2011)

Serwer, A. "Were the Sikh Temple Killings Preventable?," Retrieved October 26, 2014, from http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2012/08/sikh-temple-killings-preventable-homeland-security

Shally-Jensen, M. "Encyclopedia of Contemporary American Social Issues [4 volumes]," (ABC-CLIO, 22 Dec 2010)

"CHAPTER SIX: TRANSFORMING NATIONAL PREPAREDNESS," Retrieved October 22, 2014, from http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/reports/katrina-lessons-learned/chapter6.html [END OF PREVIEW]

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"Fight Against Hurricane Katrina In A Political Environment Set On Fighting Terrorism."  Essaytown.com.  October 22, 2014.  Accessed September 22, 2018.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/fight-against-hurricane-katrina-political/6055068.