Research Proposal: Fire Department Reviewing and Changing

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[. . .] Another factor that need to be taken into consideration here and that has also been agreed by a lot of authors such as: Dunn, 2000; Carter, 1992; Chapman, 1995, is that the stairwells in the high rise buildings can be used for the purpose of evacuations as well as ventilation. The thing that needs to be done here is, making sure that one stair well is used for the purpose of ventilation and the other for evacuation (Routley, report 022). Although this concept was used in the case of First Interstate Bank fire and it was unsuccessful but it was agreed upon that in the case of a fire of less intensity this procedure can be very helpful. One thing that is very evident in a scenario where two or more stairwells are used is that it may happen that the people would start using the same stairwell as the one used by the firemen.

One more thing that needs to be taken into consideration in the case of the stairways in the high rise buildings is that, they require the continuous moment of the firemen in order to take the heavy equipment to the floor with the fire. Also, in a scenario like this the logistical challenge regarding the allocation of the firemen to transport the equipment is very important and has to be kept in mind (Russell, 2004).

In the case of the fire in the New York City Bank a lot of firemen had to be allocated to carry out the fire distinguishing operation as well as to take the equipment to the required floors. Also, this kind of exercise which requires continuous mobilization can result in a lot of injuries mainly because of the firemen fatigue (Routley, report 071). Therefore, in order to avoid the injuries of this kind it is very important that the SOP has an effective stairwell support organization (Russell, 2004).

Concluding this paper and also keeping the current international literature on this subject it is safe to say that the SOPs developed by the fire department should be flexible enough to adjust to the various situations and that all the important factors in the situation of a fire should be taken into consideration by the firemen. The SOP should be able to adjust to the size of the building, its architecture and the number of people stuck inside, in this way the firemen will be able to carry out the operation in a lot better way and it would improve the chances of success to a great extent (Russell, 2004).

References

AOC (Aukland Operations Center). (1996). High rise building procedure FG/III/5. Auckland, NZ: Auckland Area, NZFS.

Bennett, J.A. (2000). High rise firefighting from top to bottom, part 3. American Fire Journal, May, pp.16-17.

Bennett, J.A. (2000). High rise firefighting from top to bottom, part 4. American Fire Journal, October, pp.12-15.

Carter, H.R. (1992). High rise firefighting: A look at the problems. The VOICE, October, pp. 8-9.

Carter, H.R. (1992). High rise firefighting: Fire department command and control, part one. The VOICE, December, pp. 12-13.

Chapman, E.F. (1995). Guidelines for strategic decision making at high-rise fires. Fire Engineering, September, pp. 67-70

Dunn, V. (2003). Using elevators at fires. Fire Nuggets. Retrieved August 2000 from http://www.firenuggets.com/free.asp.

Dunn, V. (2000a). High-rise fires. Fire Command and Control September/October, retrieved August 2003 from http://firecommandandcontrol.com/

Dunn, V. (2000b). August newsletter - High-rise fires. Retrieved August 2003 from http://www.vincentdunn.com/dunn/newsletters/august/august.pdf.

Dyer, B.D. (1996). Testing operational procedures: Cooperation is the key for fullscale simulations. Fire Engineering, January, pp. 22-28.

Gerard, J.C. (1981). An incident command system for high-rise fires. The International Fire Chief, January, pp. 17-19.

Groner, N.E. (2002). A compelling case for emergency elevator systems. Fire Engineering, October, pp. 126-128.

High rise fire - First Interstate Bank. (1989). The Building Official and Code Administrator Magazine, May/June, pp. 24-32.

Iklim Ltd. (2003). High rise fires. Retrieved August 2003 from http://www.ikliment.com/hotelfires/highrisefire.html.

Leihbacher, D. (2003). Elevators 101: The use of elevators at high-rise fires. Fire Engineering, January, pp. 71-78.

Los Angeles Fire Department. (1995). Emergency high rise operations. Los Angeles CA: LAFD.

Pittsburgh Bureau of Fire, (1992). Pittsburgh high rise operations manual. Pittsburgh, PA: Department of Public Safety.

Routley, J.G., Jennings, C. And Chubb, M. (Report 049). High-rise office building fire, One Meridian Plaza, Philadelphia, PA (February 23, 1991): Report 049 of the Major Fires Investigation Report. Washington, DC: United States Fire Administration.

Routley, J.G. (Report 022). Interstate bank building fire, Los Angeles, California (May 4, 1988): Report 022 of the Major Fires Investigation Report. Washington, DC: United States Fire Administration.

Routley, J.G. (Report 071). New York city bank building fire: Compartmentation vs. sprinklers (January 31, 1993): Report 071 of the Major Fires Investigation Report. Washington, DC: United States Fire Administration.

Routley, J.G. (Report 082). Operational considerations for high rise firefighting: Special report. Report 082 of the Major Fires Investigation Report. Washington, DC: United States Fire Administration.

Russell, W. (2004). Developing a standard operating procedure for firefighting at multi-storey buildings in the Auckland region of the New Zealand fire service: Executive Analysis of Fire Service Operations in Emergency Management, Auckland Fire Region Auckland, New Zealand

San Francisco Fire Department, (1999). High rise manual. San Francisco, CA: SFFD Training Division.

Smith, J.P. (1995). Command structure at high-rise fires. Firehouse,… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Fire Department Reviewing and Changing.  (2011, November 16).  Retrieved May 20, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/fire-department-reviewing-changing/7753900

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"Fire Department Reviewing and Changing."  Essaytown.com.  November 16, 2011.  Accessed May 20, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/fire-department-reviewing-changing/7753900.