Term Paper: Fire Safety Management

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[. . .] Each year new chemicals are developed and new fire facts exist. It is important to maintain current knowledge and training for firefighter so that they can stay safe and they are well equipped to keep the community they serve safe as well.

EDUCATION OF COMMUNITY

The next step in any well run fire safety management program includes education. The education of community members can go along way in the prevention of future fires. Once members of the community are trained they also serve as eyes and ears for the fire department in their community. Many tips have been called in to fire inspectors by community members who are trained to recognize dangers. In addition many community members do not know about fire safety without having a program to teach them. There are several aspects of education in a fire safety management. One of the most important things for fire safety management to do by way of education is to develop programs for children. Throughout the nation there are good programs implemented at the schools that allow children to learn about fire safety. Thousands of fires each year are started by children who play with matches or do other fire starting activities.

In 1998, 683 children ages 14 and under died in home fires, and another 2,500 (roughly) suffered non-fatal injuries in reported fires. Young children are at particular risk of death in fire, with kids ages five and under twice as likely to die in a fire as the rest of the population. In 1998, more than half of the children killed in home fires fell within the five and under age group.

Child-playing is the leading cause of fires leading to deaths of preschoolers; most child-playing fires involve matches and lighters.

In 1999, an estimated 99,500 children ages 14 and under were treated in hospital emergency rooms for burn-related injuries. Young children are particularly vulnerable to burn-related injury and death. Young children's skin is thinner than adults' and can suffer serious deep burns more quickly."

Educating children about fire danger and fire safety will help reduce the number of child started fires each year. A fire safety management program that incorporates children's curiosity and their eagerness to learn will provide a perfect stage for safety training. Programs that teach about stop, drop and roll are always needed and other programs about what starts a fire and what to do once one gets out of a fire are also needed.

When it comes to the teaching of fire safety to children it is important to reach them at a level that holds their interest and that they understand. Silly messages have proven effective in getting children to learn the information and retain its message. One program uses clowns for that purpose and it seems to be working.

The program has been so successful in the past that there are now nationally recognized training centers that firefighters go to and learn how to be clowns for the children. They blow bubbles, twist balloons and do other silly things all the while promoting fire safety. The children listen because they are fascinated by the clowns.

It's a natural thing to be doing this," explained a smiling Keith Tanner, the fire marshal of Round Rock, Texas. He and about 50 other firefighters were preparing to embark on three days of learning about bubble-blowing machines, rubber-chicken tricks and tips on where to get the best set of fake buck teeth. "

Another fire safety management program that has been utilized in the past is a coloring contest. The children in a district are encouraged to design a poster promoting fire safety and then there are prizes given for the top contestants. The program is for the purpose of getting children to think about fire safety and developing ideas about the poster. While only a few win ribbons everybody in the community benefits by the posters and the ideas they give to others.

There are several basic fire safety rules hat any fire safety management program needs to promote in the education of children in fire safety and they include.:

It is important for children to learn and practice fire safety messages. Here are some helpful fire safety rules for children:

Plan and practice a home fire escape plan.

Know what to do when the smoke alarm sounds.

Stop, drop, and roll if clothes catch fire. STOP immediately where you are. DROP to the ground. ROLL over and over, covering your face and mouth with your hands.

Cool a burn" any time you burn your skin. If you get burned by touching a hot object or liquid, cool the area with cold water for 10-15 minutes. Tell a grown-up about the burn."

Matches and lighters are not toys. They are tools for grown-ups only. Tell a grown-up if you find matches or lighters.

Elementary students are not the only students who can benefit from a fire safety management program. Each year fires break out in dorm rooms, and kill students who did not know what to do. "State officials, citing "multiple failures" that exacerbated the January 2000 fire at Seton Hall University, plan to study the level of fire safety at colleges throughout New Jersey. The study, by an organization or consultant hired by the state, would examine several issues, including possible hazards, the schools' emergency procedures, and the preparedness of local fire departments that serve the schools."

University buildings are often very old. This means they may not be up to current standards when it comes to fire safety. A good fire safety management program will include the regular inspection of every building on the campus paying particularly close attention to the areas that students sleep in.

Two of those problems -- fire protection devices and student complacency -- have gotten attention from state and local fire officials, as well as university administrators."

Fire safety management for universities should include sprinkler systems throughout all buildings. Fire safety management programs should include educating the college age students. Students who go to college have to sleep away from home and it is important that they be instructed in fire safety. Programs can include seminars, posters on the university web sites and speakers at various club meetings and functions. The fire safety management programs geared for the college student must take into account the young adults belief that they are invincible and can withstand anything that comes their way. Another thing that can be done in a fire safety management program for colleges is to provide information about how to use a fire extinguisher.

New Jersey has already taken proactive steps when it comes to fire safety management and their university students.

In July 2000, the state enacted a law requiring that all dormitory rooms be fitted with sprinklers by 2004. In the 20 months since the fire, universities have stepped up their efforts to educate students about fire safety. It's unclear, however, what state officials meant by "inadequate security measures" and "highly combustible interior finish elements." Officials at the Fire Safety Division have not discussed those issues publicly, and they would not elaborate on the document last week." recent study reported that inspections are not being done at the nation's campuses either. A strong fire safety management program must include regularly conducted inspections so that dangers and infractions can be caught and corrected before they cause a fire and possible death.

OFFICE BUILDINGS

Examining 815 life hazard buildings in Bergen, Passaic, Hudson, and Morris counties, The Record found that nearly 12% weren't inspected in 1999. Projected over the region as a whole, that amounts to about 1,200 life hazard uses that might not have been checked for violations of the state's fire code."

This is the information that was reported in one town in America. If one takes this information and extrapolates it nationwide this adds up to many buildings that are not being inspected. A fire safety management plan must include fire safety for office buildings within its jurisdiction. Office buildings provide a unique safety challenge in that they are many shapes, sizes and capacities. Office buildings can be high rises, or they can be one story. They might house thousands of employees or they may house two. Whatever the situation each office building must have a fire safety plan. A fire safety management program will work with the businesses to establish fire safety guidelines. These guidelines are for the purpose of training office personnel to conduct regular inspections as well as seminars in fire safety. The object is to prepare the staff to act if a fire breaks out as well as recognize dangers and prevent fires.

Many fire officials complained about a lack of funding -- too many buildings to inspect, not enough inspectors. But The Record also found that many fire officials were virtually unsupervised by mayors and municipal administrators, many of whom appeared… [END OF PREVIEW]

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