First Russian Revolution 1917 Research Paper

Pages: 9 (3540 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 6  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Government

¶ … Russian Revolution in 1917

Poor leadership and the effects of World War I both lead to the 1917 Russian revolution.

Autocracy of Nicholas illustrated his poor means of governance.

As the leader of Russia, Nicholas together with his associates found it difficult to establish democratic means of governing.

Demonstrations, riots, and strikes characterized the unrests that were opposing Tsar's leadership.

Poor governance led to poor economic and social situations leading to eventual overthrow of the Russian Monarchy in early 1917.

The start of the World War I gave the opportunity for Tsar's enemies to attack.

Because of lack of welfare of the fighters, Tsar exposed his men to dangers of lack of necessary weapons for fighting.

The long-term causes of the Russian revolution led to the short-term causes of the same, both working together giving room to overthrow Tsar Nicholas and revolutionize Russia.

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Research Paper on First Russian Revolution 1917 Assignment

The first Russian revolution abruptly happened in the February of 1917 and to many people it was the expected and it saw the overthrowing of the Russian monarchy. As a badly plotted event, it otherwise resulted from a number of successful successive happenings before, during, and after 1917 (Levine 51). The start of the new year, 1917, things looked normal and nobody would expect a rapid turnaround of events.1 The hostilities that happened during these times abruptly led Russia to a civil war that later resulted to the establishment of the communist nation. It all connects to the poorly plotted and dictating leadership by Tsar Nicholas, and it was obvious, even from outside Russia that the country was in crisis, and people were desperate for a complete makeover of their country. This dictating kind of leadership had given Tsar the overall power over the country.2 The dictator, Tsar Nicholas conducted his administration duties from St. Petersburg and did not consider what the citizens thought about the country.3 there were thus both domestic and foreign impact that would shape the world history (Wade 1). Poor leadership and the effects of World War I both lead to the 1917 Russian revolution.

Considering that the Russian country was by them made of almost 90% small farmers majority who were starving, their situations became more worse as they used their equipment, intended just to complete their tasks without compromising on their feelings and sufferings. Looking at how governance was undertaken over the unequally shared land resource, the entire country ranging from the urban areas to the rural areas, the bureaucrats, and the hidden soldiers seemed to be in control but alas! The Russian country was rotting from the inside (University of Liverpool, n.p.).

The following events lead to the overthrow of Russian monarchy

The Autocracy and the poor economic and social welfare of Russian people contributed mostly to the overthrow of the Russian monarchy. First considering Nicholas dictatorship, the initial efforts of the Russian revolution were in the first place political, geared towards overthrowing him. What followed was a new government in power that had a system a puzzle of the needed change. During the start of 1900s, Russia depicted a dictatorship monarchy that was above the law. This resulted from Nicholas II, who got to power without unexpected following the sudden death of Alexander III, as the sovereign of the emperor of Russia.

At the time Nicholas got to power, the leadership was very demanding and needed high intelligence as dictated by the prevailing events over the world. What Nicholas offered with his associate administrators was a complete disaster. 2 A fraction of the troubles of Nicholas had base on his organization of his government (Levine 46). It composed of cabinet members and distinguished staff as directly appointed by Nicholas and independently operated with him and this represented a broken system of administration. Even the able people like Nicholas grandfather found unrealistic.3 However, Nicholas was unwilling to relinquish power and with his wife's support on this coupled by what Alexandra had taught him, to remain always autocratic, he continued his dictatorship leadership and could not make any decisive measures, showing how incapable he was. What his close associates did was to show support for denial to enact the much-needed reform in Russia.

Indicating how bad his actions cost his sovereignty, the government remained in a state of inaction where it could not address the increasing number of serious problems and Russia lost two major battles and two revolutions in his 20-year period in power. His governance as a poorly directed system, it could not address civil rights activities of the Russian people as they took the position of subjects rather than civilians. Being concerned with how different organizations formed and for what reasons, the government could not undermine even the most seemed harmless organization. With censorship as a main control of how information could spread, it resulted to criminal and channels involving great and often violent need for change. Unlike Alexander II who encouraged reforms, the monarchs remained autocratic. Alexander II contributed, a lot to the 1860s reforms, allowing the creation of locally elected council members with excellent characters, having restricted rights in their governance, obliged to improve communication networks, basic education, health care, agriculture, and other locally needed services. The Nicholas and his associates however could not accept sharing of the most important political authority with anybody (Wade 2). 4

Differently, Nicholas view of the foreign members of the empire was absolute. Made up of a broad ethnic background, the Russian supreme dominion was a collection of a mixed culture of different nationalists forms both the nineteenth and twentieth century. The Nicholas authority was first concerned with cultural and civil demands as well as self-governance but later went further to restricting local languages, demanding the Russian language, bias on religious backgrounds, changing local government organization and even wanting to nationalize non-Russians. All these dictating steps limited development and growth of the Russian nation and increased resentments and it lead to the overthrow of Nicholas in 1917, and what followed was an irreversible process of revolution.

Turning to the economic and social issues, first, it was the developing unrest, which started the main events leading to the revolution. In February a confusion erupted and it reached the peak causing a long period of both civil and army dissatisfaction where as the civilians' conditions were getting worse, the military failed to oblige to their duties. For example, the international day for women turned out to be a demonstration that rocked the entire city of St. Petersburg as the women were intensively irritated and they had the best chance at this moment to abandon their works and give a voice on the crisis. It did not take long and the men became part of the demonstration bringing the city to a standstill. In addition to the civilians and the military displeasure on prevailing governance, different opposing organizations emerged across Russia. 5 The people constituted the opposing parties, which included the significant Socialist revolutionaries who enjoyed a massive support from the majority poor compatriots. In addition, there was the 1898 Russian Democratic Party, which interested majority of the city employees but suffered a setback when it separated in to two, Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks (Levine 46).6

These were the great threats to the Tsar's governance. Unlike the Mensheviks, the Bolsheviks were only committed to recruiting the individuals who were totally dedicated sincerely to fighting the Tsar's dictatorship. On their part, the Mensheviks compromised the Tsarist governance and its members were at peace to vie for positions as well as elect leaders of the Duma State. As loyal servants of the Tsar governance, they used this opportunity to secretly organized and spread propaganda that opposed the Nicholas leadership. In addition to the opposition of the two parties, there were troubles caused by the large number of varying nationalities that lived in Russia. 7 When the withdrawal of support for Tsar reached climax, he had a small percentage with him thus invaders from Poland and Finland could not wait to overthrow Tsar Nicholas. Their wait was over after the start of the World War 1 and there they had the ultimate chance to fulfill their wishes.8 This damage was an irreversible long-term and a bad reputation to the Nicholas' government. However, Russia joined World War I in support of France and Britain, thus fighting against the Germans who had joint forces of Austria and Hungary (University of Liverpool, n.p.).

The First World War assisted Tsar during the initial times. 9 It was after the assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand by the political rivals that took place in Serbia 1914 when the southern Hungarian group of States under the one authority announced openly that they were going to attack their surrounding nations. The year was 1915 during August when Tsar Nicholas saw the need to be in charge of the military, leaving power to again incapable people (Wade 30).10

Apart from the poor leadership of Gregory Rasputin, he significantly contributed to the Russia's revolution. As a monk belonging to… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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