Fluvial Landscape: Chino Hills State Research Paper

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[. . .] Chino Hills State Park has several different kinds of vegetation in each of its major habitats. In the creek zones, cattail stands, as well as willow and sycamore woodlands with understories of wild rose, stinging nettle, and mule fat provide habitats for numerous animals. Live coast oaks are near the water sources, giving way to Southern California black walnut trees. The Tecate cypress is found in some parts of the park, specifically Coal Canyon. The park also features scrub and chaparral communities, which have coastal sage scrub, California sagebrush, California buckwheat, purple stage, laurel sumac, and toyon (California State Parks). The grass in the park provides a good example of invasive species. "Most of the grassland in the park is non-native annual European grasses that were introduced here during the early ranching years. However, grassland species native to California, such as purple needle grass and giant rye can be found among the annuals. An active grassland restoration program in the park is restoring native grassland to its more natural and dominant state" (California State Parks).

The climate in the park is typical of the climate in other parts of the Inland Empire area of California. The climate is temperate, so that it is warm in the summers, with temperatures usually in the 70s, and cool in the winter, with temperatures in the 50s. August is the warmest month of the year and January is the coldest month of the year, but temperatures are mild. Obviously, higher elevations experience broader temperature ranges. There is a moderate difference in daytime and nighttime temperatures. Rainfall is distributed throughout the year, but February tends to be wetter than other months. The area has relatively low humidity, but is not arid.

Chino Hills State Park's greatest natural resource may be its animal species diversity. Water Canyon Natural Preserve and Coal Canyon make up a biological corridor that allows wide-ranging species to range, despite human encroachment into their traditional range. This is critical because, otherwise, species that need large habitats become trapped in isolated patches, which threatens inner-species diversity, and can eventually lead to extinction. The animals that take advantage of this corridor most notably include bobcats and mountain lions, which may be observed in the park. Other animals that may be seen in the park include red-tailed hawks, turkey vultures, coyotes, deer, songbirds, and reptiles. Among the more than 200 species that live in the park, some of them are rare, threatened, or endangered (California State Parks).

Chino Hills State Park is an example of a human effort to preserve biological diversity. The park was created so that long-ranging species would have sufficient habitat to avoid extinction. This has helped encourage biological diversity in animal species, as well as plant species. As long as humans remain good stewards of this protected piece of land, some of the natural biological diversity in this area of California may remain protected, in spite of tremendous human expansion in the same area.

Works Cited

California State Parks. "Chino Hills State… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Fluvial Landscape: Chino Hills State.  (2011, October 7).  Retrieved January 21, 2020, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/fluvial-landscape-chino-hills-state/400994

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