Research Paper: Foreign Policy Dealing With Clothing

Pages: 9 (2391 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Business  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] It is reported in the U.S. Department of Labor report that on-site evaluations or inspections have been used to verify the capacity of the facility to meet specifications of quality and quantity. As well, working conditions and employment practices of prospective contractors are examined and companies screened out that are in violation of such practices. Reported is the following stated information:

(1) Several of the companies that conduct such evaluations indicated that compliance with their policies on working conditions is an important factor in the decision to place a production program with a contractor. These evaluations, according to many, enable them to screen out contractors who do not comply with applicable legal standards or who do not meet a company's own standards.

(2) A few respondents indicated that such pre-contract inspections had enabled them to avoid doing business with a facility that appeared to employ under-age children, but most reported that when facilities are rejected, it is usually for other reasons. (U.S. Department of Labor, nd, p.1)

The report entitled "The Apparel Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development" reports that in the value chain segments focused on production, that the private sector has held a "…leading role in workforce development and most firms offer internal training of entry level employees. While there have been a number of attempts by both the public sector and donor agencies to engage TVET training schools in the industry, such as in Bangladesh which doubled its available trained workforce for the industry through the expansion of TVET institution after the end of quotas in 2005, there are few examples of significant success. Indeed, in several cases, such as the 2007 DFID-funded program in Bangladesh and DFID's training institution in Lesotho, programs were closed after a short period and graduates of the training program did not necessarily enter the sector's workforce. Private training institutions established by industry associations or by private firms appear to have had greater success in this stage of the value chain." (Duke Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness, 2011) Also reported in the study is that in Turkey and Sri Lanka, that the industry has "upgraded to higher stages of the apparel value chain" observed was the stakeholder coordination along with public private partnerships that support development of the workforce and that characterizes an alliance "established to cover skill shortages in the country and to improve the quality of those skills. For instance, in Sri Lanka, JAAF, a collaboration between the private sector and the government, engaged with several different educational institutions to improve the curriculum at the state Sri Lankan Clothing Industry Training Institute and the Textile Training & Service Center. In Turkey, the Istanbul Fashion Academy was established in collaboration with the EU and the Istanbul industry association, IKTIB, as part of the Fashion and Textile Cluster in 2005. The academy trains students on the use of the latest technology, fashion, design, fashion product development, as well as fashion photography, media, management, and marketing." (Duke Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness, 2011) It is reported that Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Turkey have all have "established relationships with universities in developed countries. The London College of Fashion has relationships with institutions in all three countries, while others include institutes and universities in both textiles and fashion in France, Germany, Italy, and the United States. Fostering collaboration with successful training institutions in the developed world can speed firm level learning for upgrading, rather than the more timely process of learning through experience." (Duke Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness, 2011)

III. Solutions

It is clear that lack of standardization is a problem with codes of conduct and employment practices in foreign country textile and garment manufacturing locations. It is clear that vital aspects of bringing about improved working conditions in these industries is reliant on the development of public-private partnerships, government and educational initiatives, provision of knowledge to workers in these industries regarding their rights and opportunities, and regulation of this industry that is standardized on a global basis.

The best method of spreading this information to workers across the globe is typically through online initiatives however, in many developing countries the workers do not yet have access to the Internet therefore, news of educational and development for workers in the textile industry should be funneled through local agencies in partnership with initiatives for development of worker skills in developing countries.

There is not one solution that will in and of itself serve to reduce violations related to worker rights or that will serve to increase skill development and advancement potential for workers in the textile industry in countries such as Bangladesh. Instead, a myriad of methods will be necessary to implement this initiative and as such, the initiative will necessarily require the backing of both public and private funding so that the information can be dispersed and disseminated among textile industry workers in foreign countries such as Bangladesh.

Bibliography

Fernandez-Stark, K, Frederick, S. And Gerei, G. (2011) The Apparel Global Value Chain: ECONOMIC UPGRADING AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT. Nov 2011.

THE APPAREL INDUSTRY AND CODES OF CONDUCT: A Solution to the International Child Labor Problem? (nd) United States Department of Labor. Retrieved from: http://www.actrav.itcilo.org/actrav-english/telearn/global/ilo/code/apparel2.htm

Third World Women in… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Foreign Policy Dealing With Clothing.  (2012, December 7).  Retrieved April 19, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/foreign-policy-dealing-clothing/2944754

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"Foreign Policy Dealing With Clothing."  7 December 2012.  Web.  19 April 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/foreign-policy-dealing-clothing/2944754>.

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"Foreign Policy Dealing With Clothing."  Essaytown.com.  December 7, 2012.  Accessed April 19, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/foreign-policy-dealing-clothing/2944754.