Frankish and Islamic Medicine: A Comparison Article Critique

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¶ … Frankish and Islamic Medicine

The objective of this study is to conduct a comparison of Frankish and Islamic medicine. Towards this end, various authors on this subject will be examined and their positions reported. It is reported that Usamah witnessed many "instances of wounds and illness." [footnoteRef:1] (Kitab, p. 213) Specifically Usamah is reported to provide the details of four specific examples of Frankish medicine, the first of which is "related to him by his father's physician Thabit, in which two patients are treated by amputation and incision on the scalp respectively." [footnoteRef:2] [1: Usamah ibn Munqidh (2000) 'Kitab al-l'tibar, trans. P.K. Hitti as An Arab-Syrian Gentlemen & Warrior in the Period of the Crusades: Memoirs of Usamah ibn Munqidh (New York: Columbia University Press, 1929, ed 2000) p. 191.] [2: Ibid]Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Article Critique on Frankish and Islamic Medicine: A Comparison Assignment

The individual who is the amputee is a soldier with an infected wound in his leg and the second a woman with mental illness who receives an incision on her head. Both patients die instantly upon treatment and Thabit reports that he "learned of Frankish medicine what I knew not before." [footnoteRef:3] It is reported that according to Woodings that the method of treating the woman "was described by Robert of Salerno, and therefore, recognized Frankish practice." [footnoteRef:4] Mitchell agrees with this and relates that the treatment was "standard procedure for the diagnosis given by the doctor" or that the woman had a devil that was living in her head." [footnoteRef:5] According to Mitchell, amputation was used in Frankish medicine but was used only as a last attempt but Woodings relates that "arrangements in the field were poor." [footnoteRef:6] [3: Ibid, p. 162] [4: A.F. Woodings, 'The Medical Resources and the Practices of Crusader-States in Syria and Palestine, 1096-1193, Medical History, 15 (July, 1971) p.271.] [5: P.D. Mitchell, Medicine in the Crusades: Warfare, Wounds, and the Medieval Surgeon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, p. 188] [6: Woodings, Medical Resources and Practices, p. 273]

However, Usamah relates that William of Bures, the Lord of Tiberias relates the story of a knight that is highly respected and whom is euthanized in order to provide the knight relief in lieu of actually providing medical treatment for the knight.[footnoteRef:7] It is reported that the information related by Usamah is called by Mitchell to be evidence of "didactic dichotomy" since it appears that Usamah is trying to relate that Frankish medicine is less effective than Eastern medicine and that Mitchell reports the use of poultices and diet as treatment and its effectiveness to prove this claim.[footnoteRef:8] [7: Munqidh, Kitab, p. 167] [8: Mitchell, p. 213]

It was indicated in the work of Strathern that the view of Usamah at the treatment provided might be based on the way that Muslims felt toward "invasive surgery" although Muslims did… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Frankish and Islamic Medicine: A Comparison" Article Critique in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Frankish and Islamic Medicine: A Comparison.  (2014, November 13).  Retrieved August 4, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Frankish and Islamic Medicine: A Comparison."  13 November 2014.  Web.  4 August 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Frankish and Islamic Medicine: A Comparison."  November 13, 2014.  Accessed August 4, 2021.