Fredrick Taylor and Abraham Maslow Term Paper

Pages: 8 (3277 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 21  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Business - Management

Fredrick Taylor and Abraham Maslow

Changes take place in any industry which is going through a stage of development and change. Telecommunication electronics is in such a phase now and it is natural for this industry to be changing. In this context, changes have to take place in both attitudes of working by people as also their mentality for getting the work done.

The change in humans and their inter-relationships are not constant, but change from time to time.

The methods of change in Frederick Taylor's management theory are on making changes so that a worker can provide more production though his efforts. (Frederick Taylor Scientific Management) He was not worried about this from a personal point-of-view as he began this as an exercise for the benefit of the country and the concern was for the nation. He said "We can see our forests vanishing, our water-powers going to waste, our soil being carried by floods into the sea; and the end of our coal and our iron is in sight. But our larger wastes of human effort, which go on every day through such of our acts as are blundering, ill-directed, or inefficient, and which Mr. Roosevelt refers to as a lack of 'national efficiency' are less visible, less tangible, and are but vaguely appreciated." (The principles of scientific management)

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Then he tries to provide the solution in the wrong approaches of men to work by saying "It is only when we fully realize that our duty, as well as our opportunity, lies in systematically cooperating to train and to make this competent man, instead of in hunting for a man whom some one else has trained, that we shall be on the road to national efficiency." (The principles of scientific management) Thus the clear effort that he is trying to provide the problem of the country due to the lack of effort in management of men and this prompts him to say "To try to convince the reader that the remedy for this inefficiency lie in systematic management, rather than in searching for some unusual or extraordinary man." (The principles of scientific management)

TOPIC: Term Paper on Fredrick Taylor and Abraham Maslow Assignment

Then he comes out with his thesis of good management and what is it? "The principal object of management should be to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer, coupled with the maximum prosperity for each employee." (The principles of scientific management) Is the situation still valid today for such assumptions? Then the definition is given what he means through maximum prosperity of the employees and that is "In the same way maximum prosperity for each employee means not only higher wages than are usually received by men of his class, but, of more importance still, it also means the development of each man to his state of maximum efficiency, so that he may be able to do, generally speaking, the highest grade of work for which his natural abilities fit him, and it further means giving him, when possible, this class of work to do." (The principles of scientific management) At the same time, he keeps harping on the desire of workmen not to do as much work as he can do but try and achieve as little as he possibly can. "When the same workman returns to work on the following day, instead of using every effort to turn out the largest possible amount of work, in a majority of the cases this man deliberately plans to do as little as he safely can -- to turn out far less work than he is well able to do -- in many instances to do not more than one-third to one-half of a proper day's work." (The principles of scientific management)

Thus there is a clear distinction between the workers and management according to him, but please remember that this was written in 1903 and then many of the workers were different from the managers and owners even in their language, style of talking, etc. In short, quite a few of the workers were treated as sub-human, and the revolution in Russia had still not occurred. He himself writes about a person that he chose "Finally we selected one from among the four as the most likely man to start with. He was a little Pennsylvania Dutchman who had been observed to trot back home for a mile or so after his work in the evening about as fresh as he was when he came trotting down to work in the morning." (The principles of scientific management) It is not needed to think that the concept or ideas of thinking about workers can get any thing done today. Often enough the workers in Telecommunication electronics are highly educated in electronics, but are short on funds which makes them workers and not owners. It has also been seen that many of the workers have later become owners through use of their intelligence as principal capital.

However, that was not the idea with Frederick Taylor and he wrote "It will be shown later in this paper that doing away with slow working and 'soldiering' in all its forms and so arranging the relations between employer and employee that each workman will work to his very best advantage and at his best speed, accompanied by the intimate cooperation with the management and the help which the workman should receive from the management, would result on the average in nearly doubling the output of each man and each machine." (The principles of scientific management) In short he is convinced that workers deliberately work at slow speeds.

This begets the question as to why the workers work slowly. "The great majority of workmen still believe that if they were to work at their best speed they would be doing a great injustice to the whole trade by throwing a lot of men out of work, and yet the history of the development of each trade shows that each improvement, whether it be the invention of a new machine or the introduction of a better method, which results in increasing the productive capacity of the men in the trade and cheapening the costs, instead of throwing men out of work make in the end work for more men." (The principles of scientific management) This situation does not exist as even the workmen's unions are not present in many of the units for Telecommunication electronics. It is also an area where many different types of working have been prepared to help the workers work.

But, Taylor was convinced that he was right and he wrote "Under the best day work of the ordinary type, when accurate records are kept of the amount of work done by each man and of his efficiency, and when each man's wages are raised as he improves, and those who fail to rise to a certain standard are discharged and a fresh supply of carefully selected men are given work in their places, both the natural loafing and systematic soldiering can be largely broken up." (The principles of scientific management) He feels that it is his God given responsibility to make workers more productive and the methods of cheating are also peculiar to workers - "owing to the fact that the workmen in all of our trades have been taught the details of their work by observation of those immediately around them, there are many different ways in common use for doing the same thing, perhaps forty, fifty, or a hundred ways of doing each act in each trade, and for the same reason there is a great variety in the implements used for each class of work. Now, among the various methods and implements used in each element of each trade there is always one method and one implements which is quicker and better than any of the rest?" (The principles of scientific management)

Let us understand that the type of work that he was talking about is not the same as is the situation today and most of his theories are not applicable. He had gone on with his experiments in what he had called "scientific management and wrote about it as "Perhaps the most prominent single element in modern scientific management is the task idea." (The principles of scientific management) Well the concept of dividing jobs into tasks exist even today, but the separation of different tasks to different men have now been removed and entire jobs are given to work groups as that is found to be more effective. However he did write about his methods and came to the conclusions with "The writer has given above a brief description of three of the four elements which constitute the essence of scientific management: first, the careful selection of the workman, and, second and third, the method of first inducing and then training and helping the workman to work according to the scientific method." (The principles of scientific management) One does not really know how much of this is practicable today.

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