Essay: Free Copyright Fair Use Appropriation and Piracy

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Copyright, Fair Use, Appropriation and Piracy

Copyrights have restricted the ability to use someone else's work. However, with the advent of fair use policies individuals can now use part of others' work for non-commercial purpose. Internet is flooded with examples showing instances of fair use policy. Use of these policies is further augmented by advent of new technologies such as YouTube.

"Free": Copyright, Fair Use, Appropriation & Piracy

As technology is progressing, businesses are facing an increasing number of complexities every day, whereas, the consumers are enjoying a lot of ease in getting goods and services they require. One such problem majority of the businesses are facing is of use of data such as music, without the consent of the user. Websites such as YouTube have made it possible for information especially music to be transferred to users within minutes irrespective of the consent of the user. Cayari stated that when YouTube was designed in 2005 it had only 100 million per day views but in 2008 it went on to have 100 million viewers per day belonging to USA only. Hence, various copyright, fair use, appropriation & piracy policies have been introduced (2).

The fair use strategy doesn't have an exact and typical meaning. Defining whether a work is fair use or not depends on four factors. Marcus in his work reports that the section 107 considers fair use as a perimeter on special privileges and identifies the following four features that can help define whether the use is fair use or not:

1. The reason for using the work. This includes whether the work is used for money-making or non-commercial use.

2. The nature of the copyrighted material;

3. The portion of the work used as compared to the entire copyrighted work; and

4. The impact use of copyrighted work has on the possible market or the worth of the original material (12).

The fair use policies are being used by artists especially the emerging ones in the modern days. Fair use policies permit the person to copy a certain amount of someone else's work for a limited purpose. One such example is of the dancer Carmen De Lavallade and her husband-choreographer Geoffrey Holder.

Dance Heritage Coalition stated that this couple released their biography on personal and professional dance partnership in 2009 (1). They used the fair use privilege on the music and videotape of all the dance clips contained by the movie. This documentary was completed since a long time period but it failed to get released in public as it had excessively costly rights to music and tape. Hence, after a lot of effort from the directors as well as a team of lawyers this documentary was released after it had obtained a fair use claim. As the motive behind the use of the copyright material was not commercial, the fair use claim was accepted and the documentary was allowed to be released.

History is a proof of the fact that fair use claims have been used from the very beginning till the existing times. Recently, the invention of YouTube has augmented the use of this policy as people use it commonly to provide the viewers with highly creative works such as remixes, mashups, parodies and so on of the original work. Use of fair claims is common in all fields of arts and is not limited to one field only.

One of the most distinguished examples for this sort of claim is the Tom Forsythe "Barbie In the blender." In his work, he snapped a sequence of pictures showing the Mattel doll in different unappealing circumstances and labeled it as the Food chain Barbie. However, his work was not appreciated by Mattel and as a result of this; they took a legal action against the photographer stating that he had violated the copyright laws. The photographer through his parody work wanted to send across a message to his audience that the doll didn't represent the perfect American idol girl which the Mattel had shown in their marketing gimmicks. However, the court presented a decision in favor of the photographer and as a result his work qualified for the fair use claim.

Image 1: Tjcenter: Art On Trial

Furthermore, in 2007 Stephanie Lenz posted a video in which her children were dancing on a song "Let's go crazy" on YouTube.… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Free Copyright Fair Use Appropriation and Piracy.  (2013, March 30).  Retrieved April 19, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/free-copyright-fair-use-appropriation/7946487

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"Free Copyright Fair Use Appropriation and Piracy."  Essaytown.com.  March 30, 2013.  Accessed April 19, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/free-copyright-fair-use-appropriation/7946487.