Term Paper: French Revolution Was the Greatest

Pages: 8 (2241 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Drama - World  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] Germany will either be a world power or there will be no Germany."

He demanded that his officers and men take an oath of unconditional obedience to him personally, not to Germany. "A process of "coordination" legalized his efforts, bringing all organized life under the control of the Nazi Party. Local parliaments, administrations, and police forces were all given Nazi leaders. All political parties save the Nazis were outlawed."

In 1935, the Nuremberg Laws made it illegal for a Jewish person to participate in a business or profession. Teachers were required to join the Nazi Teachers League and all children from age six and up were forced to join the Hitler youth organizations. In addition, the Protestant Church came under state control and an agreement with the Vatican forbade Catholic clergy from participating in politics.

Hitler knew the German people needed to work and wanted to feel proud of their heritage and their country. "In some areas, Nazi measures did strengthen the economy. S Strikes were forbidden, and labor schemes - principally in the armaments, agricultural, and building industries - helped reduce unemployment from six million to 1.7 million by 1935."

In November 1937, Hitler revealed his long-term goals for Europe. He told his military chiefs that Austria and Czechoslavakia should be overtaken by Germany, Poland be overrun, and the Soviet Union invaded and conquered.

When Hitler's goose-stepping military men marched into Cologne, France and other major cities between the Rhine and the French border, France and Britain protested but did little else. No one could believe that Hitler was preparing to fulfill his ultimate dream - of making Germany a world superpower through invasion and war.

Anti-Semitism became Hitler's emotional foundation, the basis of which his entire military and economic strategies focused. After formalizing laws against Jews, he then turned to eliminating them from Europe. He instituted a policy of isolating Jews from the rest of society in ghettos, then mobilizing entire military forces to see to their destruction as a race (genocide). By 1945, six million Jews were dead; five million other "undesirables" also killed in concentration camps deliberately set up to function for Hitler's 'Final Solution.' When Hitler realized the war had taken a fateful turn against Germany, he committed suicide.

These three wars have several things in common - each grew from a desperate people in a time of great economic and emotional upheaval. The leaders during these times proved either weak and ineffective (King Louis XVI) or strong-willed (Abraham Lincoln and Adolf Hitler).

The events preceding the French Revolution, the American Civil War, and the Nazis' rise to power were prophetic. As stated earlier, the Founding Fathers who wrote the U.S. Constitution knew that the issue of slavery would become a problem in future generations, yet the wording within the Constitution wasn't replaced at the time. King Louis XVI, an ineffective leader consumed by his own luxurious lifestyle, learned too late that the people of his country had the right to equality, to work, and to something as simple as bread.

Adolf Hitler detailed his political and military strategies in his book, Mein Kampf, written in the early 1920s while serving time in prison. His book was considered the Bible of the Nazis, yet nothing was done to stop the genocide of the Jewish people.

The French Revolution changed the shape of the French monarchy. The American Civil War tore a country apart and it wasn't until nearly 100 years later that Black Americans had civil rights. The Nazis' rise to power altered an entire world.

Works Cited

Hitler, Adolf. Mein Kampf, "Classics of Modern Thought," Third Edition (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1980)

McKay, John P., Bennett D. Hill, and John Buckler. A History of Western Society Volume II: From Absolutism to the Present (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1979)

Oates, Stephen B. With Malice Toward None, The Life of Abraham Lincoln, (New York: New American Library, 1977)

Time-Life Books. Shadow of the Dictators, (Virginia: Time-Life Books, 1989)

The American Civil War, The Causes. www.swcivilwar.com/cw_causes.html

John P. McKay, Bennett D. Hill, and John Buckler, A History of Western Society Volume II: From Absolutism to the Present (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1979) 653.

McKay, Hill, Buckler, 655.

The American Civil War, The Causes, www.swcivilwar.com/cw_causes.html.

Stephen B. Oates, With Malice Toward None, The Life of Abraham Lincoln, (New York: New American Library, 1977) 236.

Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf, "Classics of Modern Thought,"… [END OF PREVIEW]

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