Fresia's Contention Term Paper

Pages: 7 (2259 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: American History

Slavery is a mark of shame upon the United States not for its existence, because almost all nations have known slavery, but because of the extent that slavery permeated American life. For example, at the time of the Revolution, there were certain safeguards protecting slaves from heightened levels of violence by their owners; by the time of the Civil War, these protections had completely eroded and been replaced by laws explicitly giving owners the right to kill their slaves.

Of course, Fresia does not stop his Empire argument with the information that America was a slaveholding land; he goes on to describe how post Civil-War America continued the vestiges of slavery. American imperialism was barely even slowed down by the abolition of slavery. Fresia indicates that the Black Codes of the south in the period immediately following Reconstruction effectively re-enslaved American blacks, and that even modern-day blacks face lingering problems because of this systemic discrimination. One of the things that Fresia points to is the fact that blacks in the south were denied the right to vote because of poll taxes and reading tests, which were designed specifically to disenfranchise black voters. Fresia believes that the continued denial of a politically meaningful voice to blacks is proof that America continues to be an Empire.Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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Term Paper on Fresia's Contention That the United Assignment

In addition, Fresia points to America's international imperialism to support the idea of America as an empire. Some of the most condemning evidence given by Fresia is American collaboration with Nazi Germany during World War II. Of course, American collaboration with the Nazis began in the years prior to WWII, when America supplied food and other necessities to those opposing the revolution in Russia. America worked to overturn the terms of the treaties reached at the end of World War I in order to help give Germany the ability to take over much of Eastern Europe. In addition, Fresia points out that American businesses supplied the Nazis with critical machinery and parts both before and during WWII. In doing so, Fresia points out that America assisted in the genocide of millions of Jews and furthered Nazi Germany's imperialistic goals. Oddly enough, Fresia fails to point out that, by allowing America companies to provide supplies to the Nazi army, America also directly participated in imperialism in America. The armed forces during WWII, as in most other wars, were disproportionately composed of minorities and poorer Americans, and by allowing American business to support the enemy, American government directly contributed to the deaths of Americans.

What Fresia does not fail to point out is that there have been several instances of similar behavior in domestic American history. Fresia points out that the poor and minorities have been used by the political and financial elite in ways that are very similar to the Nazi treatment of Jews. American prisoners, who are pulled disproportionately from minorities and the poor, have been the subject of medical experimentation and forced labor. In addition, Fresia points out that America participated in and/or permitted the sterilization or elimination of groups of people considered undesirable by the elite, including the retarded and minorities. Fresia also cites evidence that it is not merely the condemned in society that have been subject to the tyranny of the minority; there have been medical experiments performed on whole communities of people without their knowledge or consent.

Finally, Fresia points to America's almost continual involvement in foreign countries and undeclared wars as evidence of America as an empire. Given that the nature of imperialism is continued expansion into other lands, it is this evidence that most greatly supports the idea of America as an empire. Fresia includes evidence of the Barbary wars to demonstrate that the United States has been involved in the Middle East since almost its inception. However, the most damning evidence Fresia gives is to point to America's continued involvement in Latin America. Fresia supports this assertion with evidence of secret portions of the government, which are dedicated to eradicating those it perceives as a threat to the American power structure. Furthermore, Fresia goes into great detail about American involvement in Nicaragua with the Sandinistas. Fresia gives evidence that American troops have provided support and training for Latin American death squads. Furthermore, Fresia links recent involvement in Latin America back to American involvement in Nazi Germany by demonstrating how the Americans training the death squads have relied on the expertise and support of convicted Nazi war criminals.

Works Referenced

Fresia, Jerry. 1988. Toward an American Revolution: Exposing the Constitution and other

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How to Cite "Fresia's Contention" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Fresia's Contention.  (2005, October 20).  Retrieved March 7, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Fresia's Contention."  20 October 2005.  Web.  7 March 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Fresia's Contention."  October 20, 2005.  Accessed March 7, 2021.