Gang Violence Interventions: Pulling Levers Research Paper

Pages: 2 (726 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Law - Constitutional Law

Between 1990 and 1997 Stockton had averaged 35 homicides per year and it was believed that a significant percentage of these were due to gang activities (Braga, 2008, p. 334). A working group was formed in the fall of 1997 and a pulling levers strategy was implemented and maintained until the end of 2002. Over the next four years the average homicide rate dropped to 18.75 per year, representing a nearly 50% reduction. Using a Poisson regression model, which controlled for a number of confounding variables, the pulling levers program accounted for a statistically significant 42% decrease in gun homicides (p = 0.045; Braga, 2008, p. 338). When compared to homicide trends in other similarly-sized California cities, Stockton was the only city that experienced a statistically significant reduction in gun homicides during this period (Braga, 2008, p. 340).


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Based on the analysis by Braga (2008) the pulling levers program in Stockton was responsible for a significant reduction in gun violence. Unfortunately, once the pulling levers program ended gun-related homicide rates slowly returned to near normal levels. This is a common outcome of pulling levers programs. Assigning officers to 'police' a few offenders is therefore a short-term solution, with an unknown cost in both taxpayer dollars and overall crime rates. No information was provided by Braga (2008) concerning how many gang members took advantage of the social services that were offered, so the relative contribution of this strategy to the success of the pulling levers program is also unknown. As mentioned by Braga (2008) the effectiveness of such programs won't be known until well-controlled studies are performed. If such studies are undertaken, we might be able to better understand whether such programs are nothing more than a knee-jerk reaction to a perceived crime crisis or have some value in addressing gang related crime over the long-term.


Braga, Anthony A. (2008). Pulling levers focused deterrence strategies and the prevention of gun homicide. Journal of Criminal Justice, 36, 332-343.

Research Paper on Gang Violence Interventions: Pulling Levers Assignment

Fisher, Herrick, Gardner, Frances, Montgomery, Paul. (2008). Cognitive-behavioral interventions for preventing youth gang involvement for children and young people… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Gang Violence Interventions: Pulling Levers" Research Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Gang Violence Interventions: Pulling Levers.  (2011, September 5).  Retrieved April 5, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Gang Violence Interventions: Pulling Levers."  5 September 2011.  Web.  5 April 2020. <>.

Chicago Style

"Gang Violence Interventions: Pulling Levers."  September 5, 2011.  Accessed April 5, 2020.