Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Etiology Essay

Pages: 2 (593 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Disease


Endoscopy allows direct visual inspection of the esophageal lining. Another method used to diagnose GERD is the placement of a probe that measures the acidity in the esophagus. The probe stays in place for a couple of days, while a computer worn around the waist records the acid readings.


The prototypical symptoms of GERD are heartburn, which is a burning sensation in the center of the chest. Another common symptom is regurgitation of stomach acid or stomach contents into the mouth or throat. The strongest predictors of GERD have been shown to be chest pain and nocturnal cough, although chest pain can result from a number of other causes and is therefore not very useful diagnostically. Other symptoms common to GERD include hoarseness, chronic cough, chronic bronchitis, and dental erosions.


There are a number of over the counter medications that are used to treat GERD, including Maaloz, Mylanta, Gelusil, Rolaids, and Tums. These antacids provide instant relief, but cannot help reduce esophageal inflammation. H2-receptor antagonists, or blockers, provide slow-acting, long-term relief by reducing stomach acid production. Common H2-receptor antagonists include Tagamet HB (cimetidine), Pepcid AC (famotidine), Axid AR (nizatidine), and Zantac (ranitidine). Proton pump inhibitors also provide relief by inhibiting stomach acid production, and include Prevacid (lansoprazole) and Prilosec (omeprazole). Although all of these medications are can be obtained over-the-counter, but stronger doses can be obtained with a prescription. Other treatment options include corrective surgery or medications to strengthen the diaphragm.

Download full Download Microsoft Word File
paper NOW!

Lacy, Brian E., Weiser, Kirsten, Chertoff, Jocelyn, Fass, Ronnie, Pandolfino, John E., Richter, Joel E. et al. (2010). The diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease. American Journal of Medicine, 123, 583-592.

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2011). GERD. Retrieved 29 Mar. 2011 from

TOPIC: Essay on Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Etiology Assignment

NOTE:  We realize that this preview is short, but the Microsoft Word file that you download will contain all 2 page(s) of perfectly formatted text.


Two Ordering Options:

Which Option Should I Choose?
1.  Download full paper (2 pages)Download Microsoft Word File

Download the perfectly formatted MS Word file!

- or -

2.  Write a NEW paper for me!✍🏻

We'll follow your exact instructions!
Chat with the writer 24/7.

Gastrointestinal Tract Disorders of Motility Research Paper

Chest Pain: Angina and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Chapter

Diseases Vectored by Insects Malaria Term Paper

Aetiology and Management of Cancer Understanding Essay

Disease of Interest Thesis

View 200+ other related papers  >>

How to Cite "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Etiology" Essay in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Etiology.  (2012, March 29).  Retrieved July 27, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Etiology."  29 March 2012.  Web.  27 July 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Etiology."  March 29, 2012.  Accessed July 27, 2021.