Research Paper: Gaudi's Works Antonio

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[. . .] They made sure that they made their work stand out and look amazing with the use of simple ornaments like plaster and brick. Surely, one can imagine that the use of luxurious items like marble and gold has always been used to make a building pretty. Gaudi paid extra attention to the simpler and cheaper materials as well. Nevertheless, his buildings showed the use of fancy material like glass, marble and ceramic as well.

The influence of Art Nouveau is quite prominent in Gaudi's works. The basic principle of Art Nouveau is decoration mostly. The importance of decoration in this style is present to such an extent that it encompasses and stressed more on decoration rather than the style in which the building was made. Seeing how some of his work depicts fantasy and the fact that he uses an array of materials depicts impact of Art Nouveau. The craftsmen ship that was put in by Gaudi along with the plethora of geometrical and organic details depicts this form as well. It is true that Gaudi did study the gothic way of making buildings but he only did so to make the internal structures of his buildings stronger. While the artist was making the chapel of Colonia Guell, he showed a lot of technicalities and a somewhat mathematical approach to his work as well. As mentioned, Gaudi used mathematical techniques then it would ultimately result in a geometrical sort of building. That is exactly how the chapel and many other buildings turned out to be later. Geometrical shapes and figures such as ellipses, helicoids surfaces, hyperbolic parabolas and spiral forms of shapes and structures were incorporated in many of Gaudi's works. (Raventos-Pons, 2002)

Another interesting thing that is noted that Gaudi made this building to further enhance and put out the religious beliefs of the West. Thus religion was yet another factor that had an influence on Gaudi's works. The arcing in ceiling and pillars gave the place a very holy look nonetheless. (Raventos-Pons, 2002) The cave like and mysterious look that the building gave made it appear more close to traditions and rituals. The texture of the chapel log with the light that reaches make it seem very dramatic and powerful space at the same time. (Raventos-Pons, 2002) It should be noted that this chapel did not follow the styles of the Art Nouveau thus it can be safely said that no two buildings of Gaudi were due to similar influences.

Gaudi was also influenced by the Catalan Gothic style as well. (Cline, 2011) The diaphragm arches that are used in many of the internal buildings such as the Casa Mila show that was affected by Gothic style as well. This form of architecture was prior to Gaudi's interest in modernism however. As mentioned earlier, the use of geometry was quite visible in his work. Gaudi put out the shapes in form of architecture or decoration; regardless he did not consider it necessary to hide the shapes in any of his works. (Cline, 2011) When talking about Gothic influence of Gaudi's works, there was also a time period in which he was shown different forms of French Gothic ideas. It has been stated that it was either his education or his early teachers that made him more aware of this form of architecture. Gaudi had visited the walled city of Carcassonne which had the beaked towers as a prominent feature. Subsequent to that, he also paid a visit to the Tour St. Martin with the same sort of towers. The presence of similar towers in the Sagrada Familia, another work of Gaudi's, is a good indication of the fact that he was influenced by French Gothic architecture. (Cline, 2011)

Before Gaudi became the popular architect there, everyone followed the rigid rules of making buildings. Gaudi was surely an exception when it comes to all the architects as a whole. Along with keeping his Catalan style glued to his work, he learned a language of nature and spoke it through his works. Even though there is no neatness, calculations, or planning available in the works he has done, they are all amazing. (Gough, 2002) The designs that Gaudi made were such that he made them as went forward. So it can be said that Gaudi was one of those architects who did not need a ruler and sketchbook to make his masterpieces stand out. (Gough, 2002)

Gaudi himself mentioned that the model for one of his works was a true with the branches and the tree going. The Sagrada Familia is kept analogous to a growing tree. (Gough, 2002) The Sagrada Familia was the architect's last project as he was hit by a tram when the work was going on. It has been stated that during his last years he lived in the workshop and only worked on the project. His condition wasn't so great with ragged clothes and poverty hitting him hard, but his sincerity to his work was remarkable. In the Sagrada Familia, the piers and the vaults were seen as combined things. Where he added ramifying columns, he also put in inclined and dynamic links amidst the two sides. The use of parabolic arches in the building showed the Gaudi did not want his liking for the gothic style either. An interesting thing about Gaudi was that regardless of which he was working on, it was always to be influenced by more than one thing.

As mentioned earlier, Gaudi did not believing in making things perfect and he preferred them to be an amalgamation of different styles rather than be purely one form. This is visible by the fact that the building showed of the cathedral-Gothic style along with a complicated forest look as well. Where there was a hyperbolic ceiling in view, the sidewalls and vaults also depicted geometrical influence as well. (Katsenelinboigen, 2007).

During his time as an architect, Gaudi worked to enhance the Roman Catholic faith in the people there. He was even named God's architect mainly on the basis of having so many religious indications in the works that he made. (Tremlett, 2003) Many even say this building has such power to convert people into the Catholic faith. Many even challenge the fact that despite being in such horrible conditions, how Gaudi even made the building in his last years. Of the Sagrada Familia, only the four towers of Nativity were done by the time the architect passed away. There were four bells installed in the towers which supposedly had to have many chimes just as Gaudi wanted. (Descharnes&Prevost, 1982) The presence of sculptures which were actually of living things yet they were made of stone showed the contrast between dream and reality. Here again, Gaudi brings out the two ways in his works are most prominent. They either provide a sense of realism or they hint at fantasy world. Gaudi wanted the people to feel an amazing religious experience, feel like they could talk to God and just feel blessed when they entered the building. Another influence of religion is seen in the fact that the Sagrada Familia's tower has an upward movement. This can be explained that when keeping religion in mind, all the souls and messages have to move up towards the sky and heavens. (Raventhos-Pon, 2002)

Lastly, the Catalonian culture was also another influence on the work of Antonio Gaudi. When looked at Casa Batllo, which was made between 1905 and 1907, influences from religion, nature and the culture come out right in front. The columns that are visible in this building strike out as bones or skulls especially due to the fact that they are ivory in color. This portrays the fact that the trees and mountains was not the only form of nature used and he liked to show forms like human body as well. (Raventos-Pons, 2002)

The green ceiling of the building could either go on to depict the mountains, a dragon or a hat. The legend of Saint George who was a patron of Barcelona is depicted in this building as well. If looked closely, it could be seen that the roof is actually two scales of the dragon and the spire. This is linked to St. George in the way that he fights the dragon. The presence of the cross on top of the building could go on depict the victory as is seen in the legend and show that good won over evil. Another link to the culture there is the way this building depicts the carnival. The crest present could be represented to a Harlequin hat with the facade could be the confetti and the balconies could on to represent masks (Chandler, 2002) It is the little Thus it can be seen that when the building is looked at and admired closely, so many correlations could be figured out. It is merely the creativity that Gaudi offered that paved so many possibilities of figuring out what… [END OF PREVIEW]

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