Gender Identity Disorder and George A. Rekers Term Paper

Pages: 14 (4708 words)  ·  Style: MLA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 0  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Women's Issues - Sexuality

Gender Identity Disorder

The site at http://www.leaderu.com/jhs/rekers.htm is sponsored by a George a. Rekers, Ph.D., whose academic credentials lend some credibility to the information on the site. Dr. Rekers provides his credentials beyond academic certification, and his credentials are indeed impressive: Professor of Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Science, Research Director for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, and Chairman of Faculty in Psychology at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine in Columbia, SC. In addition to these outstanding credentials, curriculum vitae, Dr. Rekers has authors nine books, and more than 120 peer reviewed journal articles, and numerous book chapters. He is editor of the Handbook of Child and Adolescent Sexual Problems (Lexington-Jossy-Bass / Simon and Schuster, 1995).

With these kinds of experiences and credentials, the information on this site cannot be challenged, only debated.

Who Studied this topic?

The research here, conducted by Dr. Rekers over a period of time and perhaps even throughout his career, is addressing the issue of essentially eliminating gender identity. However, this chapter or section on Gender Identity is one part of a larger body of work that was edited by Dr. Rekers, and included contributions from Dr. Jeffrey B. Satinover, M.D., Judith Reisman, Ph.D., Charles W. Socarides, M.D., Scott Lively, Anton N. Marco, Peter LaBarbera, Joe Dallas, and Anita Worthen and Bob Davies.

When was the study done (what year)?

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The study was conducted in 1995, published in 1996. The site shows that it has been copyrighted from 1995-2008, and that the information found on the site, which has an introductory page and links not to this topic, but to other information about the university and other information links not necessarily related to the body of research presented on the page itself.

Where was it published? (or where did you find the information)?

The information was found online, at http://www.leaderu.com/jhs/rekers.html, but appears to perhaps be reprint of information that formed part of a larger study for which Dr. Rekers was the editor, and which appeared in the Journal of Human Sexuality, in 1996.

TOPIC: Term Paper on Gender Identity Disorder and George A. Rekers Assignment

What did they measure or observe? Was the data in the form of numbers (as in a survey or experiment) or narrative description (as in a case study or behavioral observation)?

The focus of the article is a narrative description of the social trend towards obliterating sexual identity in society today. Dr. Rekers contends that over the past 30 years, a concerted effort has been made towards obliterating sexual identity on a social level. That is, that text books, television programs, and all forms of media have been revising their materials to be free of gender identity. Dr. Rekers says:

"Recent years witnessed the swing of the pendulum of public attention to the social advocates of "eliminating all distinctions based on sex." However, an objective consideration of the whole scope of findings in human development research and clinical studies yields an appreciation and recognition of appropriate sex roles in the family and their critical importance to the normal gender identity development of children (2008)."

3. What kind of study was it? (Historical study, case study, survey, behavioral observation, experimental study) if you have trouble identifying the kind of study, send me a link in an email and I may be able to help you. Much of the information you will find is based on anecdotal stories, which vaguely resemble case studies. When information is given in percentages, this usually means it comes from a survey. Eyewitness reports, not based on interviews, may be observational studies.

The article is based on behavioral observation, the social trend towards normalizing what was previously socially abnormally in gender identity.

4. What are some possible limitations of this research (critical thinking issues)?

This is a somewhat challenging aspect of this assignment. Read my Notes for Chapter 2 for a discussion of critical thinking issues.

Some of the limitations of the study is that it does not organize itself with viewable data that could have been compiled over the 30-year period that Dr. Rkers cites as the time during which these changes were coming about. While Dr. Rikers has the credentials, and one might have confidence in his credibility, it would be interesting to understand or to view via data graphs or some other methodology his observations.

Except for some statistical data that might demonstrate in a more comprehensive way the trend, the area of the impact, i.e., television books, radio, etc., then the article is one based on observation and the existing body of literature on the subject.

Because it is based on observation, without statistical data to support it, a person of equal credibility could posit different observations, and cite other resources that while it does not challenge Dr. Rekers' credibility, uses the persuasion of argument to best him in the message he wants to convey to the reader about gender identity. Data supporting his observations would mitigate the room that another researcher or physician has to do that.

Module 2 Assignment Worksheet

Detail something of interest you learned about sexual anatomy or physiology (primarily covered in Chapter 4)

The purpose of this exercise is to provide an opportunity to act on curiosity (the desire for knowledge).

My area of curiosity was sexual organs, and when I put that keyword into the Google search engine, I selected a site found at http://www.engenderhealth.org/res/onc/sexuality/anatomy/pg2.html. There, I found that the brain is the most important sexual organ because is involved in how we respond sexually, and in releasing hormones associated with sexual response and arousal. The sexual experience can be a fantasy, and the brain is a willing participant in that fantastical experience. It enhances the sexual experience, and can provide a "safe" sexual environment.

The second most important sexual organ is the skin, the site informs us. It is also the largest sexual organ on the body, as it covers our entire body, including the external penis and vaginal areas. The skin is woven with a complex set of nerves, the skin reacts to every imaginable sensation known to mankind; temperature, touch, texture, and even elements like water and air. It is the brain's partner in our sexual pleasure. Our skin is the surface of our erogenous zones, and, the site says, each individual is different, but all individuals have erogenous zones.

While the breasts of men and women and all individuals vary in size, shape, physical appearance; they also vary in sensitivity. For some individuals, male or female, the breasts are the source of high sensitivity to stimulation, and are a source of sexual stimulation and pleasure

1. List what you learned: the question, concept, or term you wanted to investigate, for example, "circumcision," "models of sexual response cycle," the "refractory period," the alleged "G spot"

Look at the list of Key Terms at the end of Chapter 3 or 4 for ideas.

Erogenous zone is a term I wanted to investigate to have not just an understanding of, but a variety of perspectives on. I found that most of the sites on the internet reflected much the same information as reported in the book. I was surprised to find the various types of organizations that discussed the subject, such as religious web sites that were offering guidance and counseling for individuals who perhaps wanted to have a greater degree of privacy in investigating the topic than a library or renting a DVD might afford them. I found one particular site, found at l, to be particularly sensitive to the needs of the person who might investigating the site for information. The site was forthright and up front, something that many people not expect to find on a site is related to religion.

Maybe because of the key words, but the search for erogenous zone was as yielding in useful or reliable sites as were some of the other keyword searches.

2. What did you find out? (quotations) or paraphrase (you can use the same search techniques as in Module assignment #1)

The erogenous zones of men and women vary, and that the female body has more erogenous zones than do the male. That a man who is sensitive to the needs of his sexual partner, and who wants to have a good sexual experience himself, is attentive to the task or pleasure of discovering his partner's erogenous zone(s). Also, that the sexual experience is a partnership, and that the sharing of sexual pleasures and desires are best dealt with when two people are able to express themselves without inhibition. That sometimes the inability to be sexually stimulated is indicative of medical or psychological problems, which could be very temporary in nature. That because the brain is very involved in our sexual pleasure, those issues that distract or weigh heavy on the brain might be a problem that carries over into sexual performance and pleasure.

The information here was narrative, not research at all. However, because the site was one to sell books, there were any number of books that could be purchased that would have the… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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