Geography - GIS Systems Geographic Term Paper

Pages: 3 (1269 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Geography

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
This discipline is what enables GIS to become a part of the decision aiding tools. Mathematics is the last discipline of the GIS but is not the least important as it is components of mathematics in geometry, topology and matrix algebra that enable the analysis of spatial data. (What is a GIS and What Does It Do?)

GIS forms a part of the several information technologies that brought about a sea of change in the way geographers go about research and thereby contribute to society. In the last twenty years these information technologies have had a significant impact on the way the research techniques are employed specific to the discipline and also in the manner in which geographers communicate and cooperate around the globe. The discipline specific tools that have contributed to this include Cartography and Computer-Assisted drafting. Just as word-processing soft-wares are a boon to writers, computers give several advantages to cartographers. In today's world automated techniques are more of the rule instead of being the exception in the area of cartographic production. (Geographic Information Systems as an Integrating Technology: Context, Concepts, and Definitions)Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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Photogrammetry from the air has been used extensively and successfully as a technique for cartographic production and geographic analysis. Aerial photogrammetry today is augmented with the use of remotely sensed information garnered by satellites in outer space. The developments in the field of information technologies have made both these types of information more readily accessible and more easy to use. Statistical analysis and the models of spatial patterns and processes have used the assistance of computer technology for a very long time. The developments in the field of information technology have made these techniques more widely available and have permitted the models to grow in complexity and scale to give more precise depictions of real-world processes. (Geographic Information Systems as an Integrating Technology: Context, Concepts, and Definitions)

The GIS permits geographers to collect and study information faster than was possible with the old methods and techniques. GIS thus is an integrated technology that uses and expands techniques that geographers have been using for a long time in their study of natural and social systems. The general tools include Communication and Collaboration. Today e-mail, discussion lists and computer bulletin board enable geographers around the globe to communicate and share ideas. Interactive classes and workshops at far away locations have been made possible by distance-learning techniques. Networking has made it easy to access both primary and secondary research material and resources found in libraries, government agencies and research institutions worldwide. (Geographic Information Systems as an Integrating Technology: Context, Concepts, and Definitions)

The cost of publishing and dissemination of information has gone down drastically with improved information technologies as also the time required for the circulation of information. (Geographic Information Systems as an Integrating Technology: Context, Concepts, and Definitions) Remote sensing is an example of GIS. Sensors loaded on aircraft or satellite enable remote collection of data about the surface of the earth. The normal technique used by remote sensors is to detect either visible light or invisible electromagnetic radiation or it might use both. The uses of Remote sensing include studying of land forms, land use environment pollution and patterns of vegetation. (Definitions)

References

'Definitions" Retrieved from http://www.wygisc.uwyo.edu/gis.html Accessed on 15 January, 2005

Goodchild, Michael F. (Spring 2002) "New Horizons for the Social Sciences Geographic Information Systems" Retrieved from http://www.isuma.net/v01n01/goodchil/goodchil_e.shtml Accessed on 15 January, 2005

Lynch, Margaret. Foote, Kenneth E. (1995) "Geographic Information Systems as an Integrating Technology: Context, Concepts, and Definitions." Retrieved from http://www.colorado.edu/geography/gcraft/notes/intro/intro.html Accessed on 15 January, 2005

"What is a GIS and What does it do?" Retrieved from http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/geology/courses/ge470/gistop_2.htm Accessed on 15 January, 2005 [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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