Research Proposal: Georgia, the Former Soviet Republic

Pages: 10 (3591 words)  ·  Style: Chicago  ·  Bibliography Sources: 15  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: History - Asian  ·  Buy This Paper

Georgia, the former Soviet republic has been in the news a great deal recently, and yet many people know next to nothing about the nation, its history and its current and historical position in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Russia and the rest of the world. A brief synopsis of the history of Georgia is provided by the CIA World Factbook, as is a map that shows where in the geography of Europe the nation lies.

The region of present-day Georgia contained the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Kartli-Iberia. The area came under Roman influence in the first centuries a.D. And Christianity became the state religion in the 330s. Domination by Persians, Arabs, and Turks was followed by a Georgian golden age (11th-13th centuries) that was cut short by the Mongol invasion of 1236. Subsequently, the Ottoman and Persian empires competed for influence in the region. Georgia was absorbed into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Independent for three years (1918-1921) following the Russian revolution, it was forcibly incorporated into the U.S.S.R. until the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. An attempt by the incumbent Georgian government to manipulate national legislative elections in November 2003 touched off widespread protests that led to the resignation of Eduard Shevardnadze, president since 1995. New elections in early 2004 swept Mikheil Saakashvili into power along with his National Movement party. Progress on market reforms and democratization has been made in the years since independence, but this progress has been complicated by Russian assistance and support to the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Some believe that the actions of Russia including the most recent invasion in 2008 are a concerted effort on her part to destabilize the nation and allow it to voluntarily reassert itself as a protectorate of Russia. More diplomatic methods, such as Georgia's entrance in the CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) a loose organization of former Soviet nations including Russia seems not to have been enough for Russia in the long-term, especially as Georgia increasingly flirts with rival social and economic interests such as asking for and achieving support from future European Union members Poland, Romania and Bulgaria for sponsorship and support for entrance into the EU, an organization that mirrors Russian desires for its own coalition organization the CIS, of which Georgia is a part.

Georgian military action in South Ossetia in early August 2008 led to a Russian military response that not only occupied the breakaway areas, but large portions of Georgia proper as well. Russian troops pulled back from most occupied Georgian territory, but in late August 2008 Russia unilaterally recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. This action was strongly condemned by most of the world's nations and international organizations.

This work will analyze Georgia in the context of Eastern Europe, first through a thorough assessment of hot spots in the region, Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Ajaristan and then within the context of Georgia's involvement with and cooperation with Romania, Poland and Bulgaria. Through this analysis the most pressing question will be; what part will Poland, Romaina and Bulgaria play in the independent development and stabilization of Georgia, following the Russian power play of recognizing two of Georgia's most contested regions Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent nations? "The Confederation has called for military support to Abkhazia in its struggle against Georgia. It is becoming increasingly difficult for Russia's government to remain neutral in Georgia's war against Abkhazia and Southern Osetia"

Georgian Hot Spots

Historically speaking Georgia has been in a position of polarization, as a result of its geographic location between Russia and the Middle East. Concurrently Georgia also hold a significant portion of the coast line of the Black Sea, an area of historical contest regarding both Russia and Turkey. This geographic location has been an aspect of social and political development to a significant degree as social/cultural diversity (especially in geographically isolated and differing locals in the nation) has resulted not in unity but division, as it does in many nations, not the least of which Russia. "Georgia lost its independence as a state when it was annexed to the Soviet Union as one of its provinces. During this long historical period Georgia's consciousness was devastated, and it grew excessively dependent upon the economy of the U.S.S.R. It was isolated from the West and remained backwards in many respects."

When Georgia, like many other post Soviet nations began to attempt social and economic developments that would help it transition from a Soviet controlled nation to an independent and self-supporting nation it dove head first into the soup of European reform. Initially, Georgia was able to resist involvement with Russia in the CIS, but later was pressured into involvement by necessity.

"When the founders of the community of states that was supposed to succeed the collapsing Soviet Union gathered in Bialovieskaia Pushcha in Belarus on December 8, 1991, to sketch out a model for the Commonwealth, Mikhail Gorbachev was still president of the still-existing Soviet Union. However, he was not invited to take part. Not all of the fifteen republics were to be members. Four of them, the Baltic Republics and Georgia, were already lost causes."

Instead Georgia attempted a rapid and independent development of economic and social reform.

In this rapid attempt to transition the nation many issues and elements were skirted, for the sake of progress.

The opportunity to regain state independence came with the collapse of the U.S.S.R. Georgia began nourishing the rather unrealizable ambition to recover its lost ground in a short span of time and regain its place in the world community. Similar to other post-communist countries, Georgia did not hesitate to initiate a process of reforms. and, similar to other countries, Georgia is also experiencing a certain disillusionment with regard to a quick transition to a rapidly developing economy. In its desire to speedily transform into a non-communist economy, the country somehow overlooked the fact that developmental plans need to be adapted to the cultural specificities and developmental needs of each country. The old mentality of revolutionary development surfaced, and less attention was devoted to the strategy of evolutionary socio-economic development. This resulted in an excessively radical course of reforms. The "shock therapy" model, used blindly and spontaneously following the persistent demands of a great number of scientists and politicians, brought about adverse socio-economic consequences and plunged the country into civil war and a series of ethnic conflicts. From the very beginning, the transition process deviated from its original course and took a wrong turn. This was caused by existing internal and external political problems, and was aggravated by natural disasters. And then the civil war and ethnic conflicts contributed to a drastic increase in the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs), whose social protection in this transformation period turned out to be a task of inordinate complexity.

The Civil War in Georgia has its roots in ethnic diversity, and is systematically associated with the aforementioned "hot spots" of the nation and the historical suppression of the ethnic parties within them by the nation itself and by superseding governments that have held control of the nation of Georgia over the years. Ethnic nationalism divides the regions according to varied forms of martyrdom and systematic economic and social repression, not an uncommon event or circumstance in many nations of the region. Yet, this situation has been fed by the Russian involvement and early ascension of Georgia into collaborative regional membership with Russia in the CIS.

"Allen Lynch argues that Russia is setting its sights on regaining predominant influence over the military, political, and economic affairs of the former Soviet Union. He further asserts that within the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), 'the role of Russia and the Russian army in shaping political-military outcomes in Moldova and Georgia [both of which joined the CIS in response] and in Tajikistan, not to mention the economic pressure applied to Ukraine in order to achieve concessions on nuclear weapons and the Black Sea Fleet, [this] points to an emerging model for Russia's policy toward the CIS.' 28"

Russian desire to rebuild the region, through an economic and political development, coupled with its systematic involvement in previous ethnic conflict is an essential aspect of the need to develop and work through the goals of Georgia in reconciliation and collaboration, rather than continued conflict between the varied ethnic regions in the nation. This concept will be further developed in the later section on Eastern European attitude toward Georgia, while the current discussion will continue explaining in greater detail the varied cultural and ethnic conflicts in Georgia through a better understanding of the three most essential regions; Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Ajaristan. A brief look at a map of Georgia will locate the regions for discussion as well as simplistically explain why these regions are so essential to the continued development of Georgia. A loss of Abkhazia and South Ossetia would be devastating to the nation, in the case of Abkhazia because of the massive… [END OF PREVIEW]

Georgia Russia Crisis Research Proposal


Demise of the Soviet Union Resulted Term Paper


Saudi Arabia Surveillance Intro the Knowledge Term Paper


Clash of Civilizations and the Georgia Conflict Research Proposal


Removal of the Cherokee Term Paper


View 28 other related papers  >>

Cite This Research Proposal:

APA Format

Georgia, the Former Soviet Republic.  (2008, November 30).  Retrieved November 13, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/georgia-former-soviet-republic-been/8867

MLA Format

"Georgia, the Former Soviet Republic."  30 November 2008.  Web.  13 November 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/georgia-former-soviet-republic-been/8867>.

Chicago Format

"Georgia, the Former Soviet Republic."  Essaytown.com.  November 30, 2008.  Accessed November 13, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/georgia-former-soviet-republic-been/8867.