Germany Research Project Research Paper

Pages: 15 (4788 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 12  ·  Level: College Sophomore  ·  Topic: Drama - World

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[. . .] The government even forced the youth to be a part of the army which led to Germany's s army a big and prominent one in the war. (Jarausch, 2006) Since this was the case, the entire population of Germany became highly aggressive. This aforementioned population did not include the anti-Nazis but as mentioned earlier there weren't a lot of those any way. The Nazi supporting population had been so brainwashed by the previous regime that they had completed been washed away of all their tolerance. Even though the Jews were victims the most, other races and minority groups were under threat as well. The Nazi supporting Germans did not like the idea of Jews or any other culture or race living in the country. (Jarausch, 2006) Another reform that was necessary was the people's love and admiration for the economic system implemented by the Nazi regime. Germany had gone to progress under their policies. This led to the Germans believing that any move towards democracy or the free market system would dismantle their progress and end the country in doom. With such mindsets in the society, establishing a political change in the country would have surely been hard.

Subsequent to the war, it was the right time to make radical change in Germany. That was there sine in 1945; there was no police, army, civil service or judiciary there. That was a good thing since any change that would be imposed wouldn't be met with resistance. Thus, the condition in Germany was stable and looming for a change in the political systems. When talking about West Germany, the Christians and the socialists were the active forces to make reforms in Germany. Regardless of what they wanted, their actions were kept in control and in check by the forces that were controlling Germany at that time. Thus it stated that the French, American and British authorities did not want to see any change in the early years. (Pritchard, 1996) That can be understood since it wasn't sure that whatever change that was coming in the way would be anti-or pro-West. Thus, there were limitations places on the actions of the anti-Nazi organizations. The Western forces made sure to not give political rights to any of the people who showed feelings that were pro-Communist or in favor of the Soviet Union. Severe limitations were seen on the Communist Party and the Social Democratic Party. The legislation altered by the novel German provincial institutions was vetoes and the State was built by scratch with contribution from the Allied forces.

Following the conquer of West Germany, the Allied forces put it right in front of the Germans that the decision they are going to take will be from German considerations and will be free of any foreign influences. (Simons, 1951) This was done so the same events that occurred after the treaty of Versailles would not take place in Germany. The leaders of the allied forces worked together to make a constitutional reform in Western Germany. Surely, it was clear the Germans would not get a say in making their own constitution. That was again due to the mistrust that was still present among the German population. (Hahn, 1995) Even though it was said that the Western were acting in favor of Germany but surely they were taking their own benefits from it as well. They acted in such a way to make West Germany strong enough to fight away Communism. They wanted the Marshall plan to prosper and they also wished for Germany to be a prominent player in the United Western Europe. Even though it was the West deciding the new regime change for Germany, most of the Germans got their say in the changes. (Hahn, 1995) Over all the process that took place for making the constitution, the basic law was always kept it time. It is true that the Western leaders made the constitution themselves; the ratification was only done subsequent to the approval of the entire population. (Hahn, 1995)

The democratic changes begin right away as the leaders sought it necessary to deice the government in local, regional and state administrations. These administrations would be chosen via elections only to make basis for a democratic change in Western Germany in the future. This central government or administration per say would not have controlled all aspects of the country. They were assigned specific areas such as transport, communication, industry and foreign trade. Even though it was a German heading the area but he was under the control of the Allied Control Council. (Hahn, 1995) This was done so that when the Allied powers did decide to leave, they would do so leaving some basis of elected government. Another reason that this preliminary government was set up was so Communist influences wouldn't take over and drag the country toward a communistic approach. (Hahn, 1995) The Deputy Military Governor in the zone belonging to United States, General Lucius D. Clay believed that the only way Germans will make their way towards democracy is to take the responsibility of electing the government themselves. (Smith, 1974)

Due to this, the process of democracy was fastest in the zone allotted to the United States. Only after a year of acquisition, elections were held that would pick out the convention to make the constitution. Later that year, the state constitution in the American zone was accepted by popular referendum, legislatures were chosen and cabinets were elected as well. Surely, Clay made it sure that the independence the Germans got was under supervision and in restriction as well. Similar democratically elected governments were placed in British and French Zones as well. (Hahn, 1995)

The emerge of communism in the Eastern bloc was somewhat blur yet visible at the same time. Event though the leaders had not taken orthodox Stalin methods into the way government was run, they were somewhat similar. This was exemplified in Germany for instance that it was the elites that got a say in the government and a pivotal role in the decisions. It was actual a cycle of different events that led to the unification of the Germanys and the democratization of the entire regime. It could be a possibility that the way USSR was becoming weak due to the cold war was an important reason. In different countries like east and central Europe, there was collapse occurring in the communist countries. The economies were being damaged and Soviet Union did not remain in the strong fatherly position in which it once was. Emergence of communism in the Eastern bloc was blurring yet visible at the same time. This explains the fact that it wasn't the opposition movement alone that made the basis of democratization of Germany. The fact that the regime was itself getting weak provided a lot of momentum to the revolution. (Padget, 1999)

This is quite depictive with the NATO meeting that was held in the 1970s. It was noted in the meeting that the Federal Republic of Germany was to be an important player in the peace of both East and West Germany. They highlighted the fact that with motivation, unity would be possible as well. With more discussions being held between both the Germanys, the councils wanted to stabilize the situation, especially in East Germany. (NATO)

What were actually the reasons due to which there was a spread of anti- communist approach in East Germany? Many would think that it would by the negative sentiment put in East Germany against communism. However, anti-communist opposition did not play a major role in the regime change in East Germany. (Padgett, 1999) The opposition came in forward when a lot of the East Germans were seen to cross the border via Hungary to go into West Germany. Many people especially the East government saw this as means of the people forcing and wanting the West Germany to unify with the East. (Padgett, 1999) As mentioned earlier, the elites were the one who were in the main group of giving anti-communistic approach. The mobilization that did occur revealed itself in the form of street demonstrations.

Another cause for the democratization of mobilization of people of GDR was seeing the Federal republic as an independent state. The fact that it made its way into councils such as the NATO and EU left GDR lacking national identification. (Padget, 1999) Thus the mere feeling of not being strong spread through the population which led them to stop believing that their government was a strong one. Had the community regime in GDR maintained their rigid character, then the country would have emerged as a strong as its neighbor. (Padget, 1999) The protestant church gave shelter for the opposition to gather together. Mass movements especially in the streets of Leipzig played an important role in changing the regime. A good thing about the opposition in this case… [END OF PREVIEW]

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