GMO Food Labeling Genetically Modified Research Paper

Pages: 2 (872 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Agriculture

Policies around the world differ on the labeling and use of genetically modified foods. In Europe, consumers are protesting against GMOs. However, in the United States, they are distributed freely with no labeling or other requirements. Their use has grown exponentially over the past decade (Fernandez, Cornejo).

What many people do not realize is that genetically modified foods are already labeled, but not conspicuously. That little sticker on fruits is the PLU code, or price look up number. This code tells you how the food was grown. For conventionally grown crops the PLU code has four numbers. For instance, a conventionally grown banana has a PLU code of 4011. An organic banana has a nine in front of the PLU code, so its number would be 94011. GM crops have an 8 in front of the PLU code. So the PLU code for a GM banana would be 84011 (Owen, 1998). A labeling system for GMOs already exists, but yet, some continue to push for more conspicuous labeling (Gertsberg). In a recent study, the exact effects of labeling of GMOs could not be determined, as current labeling requirements are not sufficient to conduct such a study (Guillaume and Rao, p. 66).

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In conclusion, at present, not enough evidence exists to support the need for additional labeling of genetically modified foods for safety concerns. Many of the fears of labeling proponents are already being addressed by the scientific community. Sufficient technology exists to track and monitor the introduction of genes from genetically modified foods in the food supply. A system already exists that labels genetically modified foods differently from conventional and organic foods. This research supports the thesis that additional labeling is not necessary for genetically modified foods, as a system already exists.

Perhaps, rather than reinventing the wheel in terms of labeling for genetically modified foods, what people need is to learn to read the labeling that already exists.

Works Cited

Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge. Adoption of Genetically Engineered Crops in the U.S. USDA

Economic Research Service. Web. Accessed

1 June 2011.

Research Paper on GMO Food Labeling Genetically Modified Assignment

Gertsberg, Denice. Lawmakers Propose Labeling in Response to Supreme Court's Monsanto

Decision. GMO Journal. 14 July 2010.

Web. Accessed 1 June 2011.

Gruere, Guillaume and Rao, S.R. "A Review Of International Labeling Policies Of Genetically

Modified Food to Evaluate India's Proposed Rule." AgBioForum. 2007. Vol. 19. No. 1.


Owen, Marion. Talking Fruit. PlanTea, Inc. Web. Accessed 1 June 2011.

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How to Cite "GMO Food Labeling Genetically Modified" Research Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

GMO Food Labeling Genetically Modified.  (2011, June 4).  Retrieved May 27, 2020, from

MLA Format

"GMO Food Labeling Genetically Modified."  4 June 2011.  Web.  27 May 2020. <>.

Chicago Style

"GMO Food Labeling Genetically Modified."  June 4, 2011.  Accessed May 27, 2020.