Government Spending Habits Research Paper

Pages: 4 (1318 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Computers/Internet - Computer Industry

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Major IRM functions that could prove useful in the development of effective organizational structures include: "1. policy, 2. planning, 3. information management, and 4. data administration. The IRM staff at all levels plays a crucial role in determining how well and in what manner agencies will meet their information needs and missions" (Demarco, 1992, p. 6). If government spending focuses solely on procurement and not management of IT services as seen within the FBI and other related agencies/organizations, it could prove detrimental in the long run.

The prevalent theme amongst all the articles discussed in this review is the wasteful spending by the U.S. federal government in relation to IT procurement and management. A 2016 article by Williamson emphasizes such wasteful spending even further by identifying where the wasteful spending it going towards: the maintenance and updating of legacy/antiquated computer systems (Williamson, 2016). If government spending is wasteful with one of the main reasons being to maintain antiquated systems, shouldn't government spending go towards removing these systems and providing a new system that can handle security threats and come with easier maintenance?

While the other five articles suggest U.S. federal government spending and IT procurement is wasteful, an article by Iansiti suggests otherwise. "US government procurement guidelines have been refined to increase efficiency in purchasing by fostering competition and preventing agency problems and biased decision making" (Iansiti, 2012, p. 197). By examining pricing thresholds and performing a 138 participant survey, Iansiti gathered that free software could offer procurement officials a chance to sidestep established procurement best practices and thus diminish satisfaction and quality in supply chain. Essentially, procurement practices may not need change, but what may need change is the sources of procurement of IT features.

With information provided in the literature review the overall conclusion that I can gather my understanding is overall, the U.S. federal government is not only wasteful spending, but not properly managing the acquired IT features, leading to inefficiency within federal agencies/organizations like the FBI. Should government spending move away from maintenance and updating of antiquated systems and instead the proper handling of information and new systems aimed to properly store and analyze such information, areas like IT services and software asset management in the FBI would see improvement. Furthermore management and control of IT procurement from the supply chain perspective should be reevaluated. If users are using free software that does not go through the procurement process, it may lead to inefficiencies and potential problems in the maintenance of IT systems due to oversight. The overall solution would be removal of antiquated systems, removal of free software, and guidelines to increase more use of IT features. This can solve the problem with wasteful spending and oversight issues.

In terms of identifying and explaining my understanding of how to measure the success of the solution it would be in terms of percentage of IT procurement features used within the FBI. If the statistics show 80-90% of procured IT features used, then that would mean there is little in terms of wasteful spending. One of the article in the literature review noted there was almost 45% of IT features not used within the federal government. This number needs to decrease by at least half. This would be an excellent marker for effectiveness towards implementation of solutions.

References

Balter, B. J. (2011). TOWARD A MORE AGILE GOVERNMENT: THE CASE FOR REBOOTING FEDERAL IT PROCUREMENT. Public Contract Law Journal, 41(1), 149-156.

Bartle, J. R., & Korosec, R. L. (2003). A review of state procurement and contracting. Journal of Public Procurement, 3(2), 192-214.

Demarco, J. M. (1992). Managing Information Resources at the U.S. Federal Government. Journal of Systems Management, 43(4), 6.

Iansiti, M. (2012). Study of Government it Procurement Processes and Free Software. Public Contract Law Journal, 41(2), 197-232.

Morrison, M. I. (2013). THE ACQUISITION SUPPLY CHAIN AND THE SECURITY OF GOVERNMENT INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PURCHASES. Public Contract Law Journal, 42(4), 749-792.

Williamson, S. (2016). APPLYING YESTERDAY'S… [END OF PREVIEW]

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