Term Paper: Greek and Roman Art

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Greek and Roman Art

Roman and Greek art represented the models for the Renaissance which is considered the most flourishing period in the history of humanity as far as the development of most intellectual pursuits, and especially in the artistic realm. Roman art encompasses sculpture, painting, architecture, and any other type of artwork produced in Ancient Rome or the territories of its empire from the founding of Rome in the 8th century B.C. until the decline of the Roman Empire in the 5th century a.D. As expected in the case of such a vast empire, Roman art was influenced by the art of the territories it annexed; also, it was deeply influenced by the art of ancient Greece and the Etruscans. As far as the character of Roman art, it is important to note that it reflected the character of the Roman people. Ancient Greek art represented the most important influence on the culture of many countries starting in ancient times until the present. The art of Ancient Greece is usually divided stylistically into four periods: the Geometric, Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic, with the latter two being considered they heyday of Greek artistic expression. When talking about Ancient Greek art, historians and art critics often refer to the period also called the Late Classical period which spanned from the years from 400 to 323 B.C. i.e. The most flourishing period in Ancient Greek art. The political context was the element which changed the ideals of the artists. After the disastrous defeat of the Athenians by the Spartans in 404 B.C., no Greek state attained a dominant position for any length of time. A brief Spartan supremacy was followed by an even briefer Theban supremacy, and from 359 B.C. on, most of the Greek communities were gradually involved in the struggle with Philip of Macedon, which was brought to an end by Philip's victory in 338, and the establishment of Macedonian control over the cities of the Mainland (Chase: 137). War combined with a long period of political intrigue generated a significant growth in the feeling of individualism. In the 5th century, the Greek saw himself primarily as a citizen, devoted to the service of the state. In the 4th century, the Greek citizen began to regard himself as an individual, a tendency to which the doctrines of Plato, Aristotle and other philosophers no doubt contributed. This is reflected… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Greek and Roman Art.  (2008, April 15).  Retrieved July 19, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/greek-roman-art/157445

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"Greek and Roman Art."  Essaytown.com.  April 15, 2008.  Accessed July 19, 2019.