Term Paper: Group Therapy on Chemically Dependent

Pages: 8 (2321 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 0  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Psychology  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Anything said in group therapy, of course, was known by the others in the group. Other than this, however, any surveys that were utilized were kept from other members of the group so that there was no concern over information being given to individuals who did not need to know.

The Self-Efficacy Scale was used to collect information, and it was collected both before and after treatment, which continued for three weeks. All participants in the groups met twice per week for 90 minutes each time. Data was collected by the researcher using the survey previously mentioned, and information was collected about thought records and other issues that related to how the members felt about what was going on in their lives and how they felt about their treatment.

The scale that was used is both reliable and valid in that it has been used in other studies to measure how individuals felt about themselves and their lives. The procedures for data collection were spelled out clearly in the study and why and how they were used were explained in such a way that everything done in the study made sense. The framework of the study and the data collection flowed naturally from the literature review and therefore helped to lend some credibility to the survey and the way that it was undertaken. Without this extension from the literature review, it would have been much more difficult to explain the study clearly and determine that the data that was collected in the best way possible to provide the most valid information for the study done in the article.

Discussion:

In the discussion of this section, women who were African-American were the ones that were studied the most. The author states that these women need to be studied more, and that minorities in particular need to be studied for chemical dependency and self-efficacy. While this is likely true, it varies somewhat from what the author originally stated was the purpose of the study. Originally, the purpose of the study was to study chemically dependent women and their self-efficacy. By studying the minorities, it opens new questions into whether race plays a factor in this issue.

Unfortunately, this is not the original issue and therefore ventures off into territory that has not been previously discussed or alluded to in the study. Other than this issue, however, the findings are generally described in the context of the original framework for the study, in that they deal with whether women who are chemically dependent or have been chemically dependent have lower self-efficacy. This was the most important question in the study and therefore was the one that should have been addressed most thoroughly. The women were studied in several ways, and the conclusions were drawn that self-efficacy needed to be improved for these women, and especially for minority women.

Interestingly enough, the hypotheses were proved to be invalid, as there were no differences found between chemically dependent women and non-chemically dependent women that were of statistical significance. The researcher was very surprised by this, because it had been assumed based on the literature review that it was entirely possible, actually likely, that self-efficacy was greatly affected by whether a woman was chemically dependent or whether she was not.

Conclusion:

Overall, the article was very good and it should be recommended for use in other studies. It did have some limitations, but most of these were not significant and would not prevent the data from being used in other studies. Self-efficacy is very important, and it is something that many women seem to lack. It has been hypothesized that this has to do with the fact that women have many difficulties in life that they must deal with. Whether this is accurate is a subject for other studies and is open to consideration and conjecture. However, it appears to be very clear based on this study that whether someone is chemically dependent has little to do with their level of self-efficacy both on a general and on a social level, at least where low-income women are concerned.

While this is important, it is also important to remember that there are issues that this study does not deal with and because of this there are concerns about self-efficacy that might not have been previously addressed. While that is no need to discount this study, it is important that these difficulties be remembered so that they can be given proper consideration when the study is utilized for other research.

One thing that was made clear by the study was that other research into this issue was very important and that there have not been enough studies in the past that have looked at the self-efficacy of chemically dependent women. Creating a study with a much larger sample would be significant in that there might be changes seen in the self-efficacy level when a much larger sample… [END OF PREVIEW]

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APA Format

Group Therapy on Chemically Dependent.  (2004, March 15).  Retrieved May 21, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/group-therapy-chemically-dependent/9489615

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"Group Therapy on Chemically Dependent."  15 March 2004.  Web.  21 May 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/group-therapy-chemically-dependent/9489615>.

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"Group Therapy on Chemically Dependent."  Essaytown.com.  March 15, 2004.  Accessed May 21, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/group-therapy-chemically-dependent/9489615.