H 1b Shortage Research Proposal

Pages: 35 (10207 words)  ·  Style: Chicago  ·  Bibliography Sources: 30  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Family and Marriage

H-1B Shortage

In today's society, knowledge and expertise are raw materials that are essential for companies and countries so that they can be more competitive. The economy is dependent on innovative companies and whether they can not only attract but also retain the talent that will provide them with the most benefit. This should re regardless of the citizenship or nationality of those talented individuals. The most unfortunate issue here, however, is that the United States immigration system makes doing this very challenging, and many U.S. firms are incapable of getting the people that they really need to keep the economy strong because of immigration requirements (Written testimony of William H. Gates Before the Committee on Science and Technology, United States House of Representatives, P 13).

The current immigration system is thought to be broken, and by almost any type of standard it does not fulfill the purposes that would facilitate global business. It is very unfortunate that immigration is usually seen as a specific issue: Illegal immigration. Whether illegal immigration hurts or does not hurt America is very important, because there are many more illegal immigrants coming across the border today than there have been in the past. Two authors, Michael Scott and Richard Raynor, have written opposing arguments on this issue that will be addressed here, along with the work of others that are concerned with this particular issue.Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Research Proposal on H 1b Shortage Assignment

Author Scott (2002) insists that this country's borders should be sealed and the people who hire illegal aliens should be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law. He makes the claim that there really should not be any more discussion "...about how difficult this might be" because it could actually be done relatively easily, and would not be the problem that many make it out to be. Scott is also not in agreement with the idea that "[guest workers are needed because] Americans won't do the work that illegals perform" (Scott, 2002). He does not believe this to be the real case, and instead he thinks that the wages that are seen will just start rising to make sure that the American people are being properly compensated for the work that they are doing.

Another issue that relates to these illegal immigrants and that author Michael Scott is particularly upset about is the problem with the AFL-CIO [labor union] and the way that it wants to get amnesty for around six million immigrants who are already here illegally. In other words, the AFL-CIO wants the government to just say that it is all right for these aliens to be here, and they will no longer be considered illegal, and they will have the same rights as everyone who was born here or is here legally. This is not likely to happen, and Scott would be particularly annoyed if it did take place. He feels that the wage depression that would take place in America if illegals were given amnesty would be so severe that many American workers would be hurt, and the government would be "rolling the dice" with these workers' jobs (Scott, 2002).

In contrast to what Michael Scott thinks, however, author Richard Raynor is convinced that the illegal immigration that is taking place in such high numbers at this point in history is actually no threat to America, its jobs, or its workers (Raynor, 2002). He states that, despite what many people think, there are "only Medicaid and limited food benefits...and most don't apply for these..." (Raynor, 2002). This is largely because they do not want to be detected by the INS, so they assume that they will just not register their names anywhere and therefore they will avoid detection. If the illegal immigrants have children that are born in America, however, they get other benefits because of those children.

Raynor (2002) is not saying that these individuals are not using any resources from America, but only that they are not trying to take things away from Americans. In other words, they are not villains, but simply people who are so desirous of a better life for themselves and their children that they are willing to come into a strange country illegally, risk danger and death, and beg for food and shelter if they need to in order to try to provide something better for their families in the future. Many of them work, and those who do not often want to work in the future, once they learn enough English to be 'useful' in American society.

Another issue that Raynor (2002) brings up is that most people think that the number of illegal immigrants pouring into this country is completely out of control, when this in fact is not the case. Many of the illegals who attempt to cross the border and enter the country are actually caught, but very few reports talk about how many are caught and instead emphasize how many get through, making the issue look much worse than it is. Raynor also says that the economy is in good shape, despite the problems that others say are taking place, and some illegal immigration is needed to take the jobs that Americans do not want - those that are low-paying and unpleasant. According to Raynor, the system is not broken, and does not need to be fixed (2002).

Arguments have been seen in both directions when it comes to the issue of illegal immigration, and there are both pros and cons to the issue. However, when the media does not always report all of the facts it becomes difficult to know what is really going on with the immigration issue. It can be made to sound either good or bad, depending on the person (or media outlet) that is asked about the issue, and because of this illegal immigration is being treated as a hot topic today without providing the American public with all of the information that is truly needed to make an informed decision.

The opinions about immigrants came from some time ago when people first started immigrating to this country in large numbers. In the period between 1860 and 1920, many racial and ethnic minorities immigrated to the United States. White Americans already settled there saw these immigrants as a burden on their society. They were thought to be of little value, and often signs were placed in shop windows that those who had immigrated to this country should not apply for jobs that were available there. This was especially true of the Irish, but the Jewish, Italian, Asian, Polish, and other immigrants had similar difficulties (Lee & Siemborski, 1996).

The Americans saw the immigrants as lazy, and they were suspicious of many of them because of the way that they dressed and the different languages that they spoke. The immigrants often kept to themselves, and they congregated in specific communities. It appeared to many Americans that the immigrants did not want to socialize or learn American customs. The immigrants were having difficulties adjusting to the cultural differences in the new land, and to the seeming disinterest and obvious dislike that many Americans showed to them. This only made them retreat further into their own communities, which worked to make Americans even more suspicious of them (Lee & Siemborski, 1996).

The main characteristic that seemed to trouble Americans was not the fact that the immigrants kept to themselves in regards to where they lived, but that the immigrants came over to America and acted as though they were little children. They did not know about citizenship in the same way that Americans do, and many of them were ignorant and weak, with a hopefulness about their new life that many Americans found pathetic (Hall, 2003).

Because of this, they expected to get good jobs in America. They saw it as the great land of opportunity, and many Americans were put off by this attitude. They had been in America long enough to know that one place was pretty much like another, and much of what the immigrants were seeking was not to be found in America. The freedom that many of them wanted could be found, but that did not mean that Americans would gladly give them good jobs and a lot of money, as many of them thought (Hall, 2003). There were quite a few measures developed to attempt to Americanize these immigrants. An entire movement was started simply for the Americanization of these people. It included such things as patriotic rallies, Fourth of July celebrations, and naturalization proceedings that were also very patriotic (Americanization, 2002).

The goal was to show the immigrants what it meant to be American, so that they would willingly work for little wages and still feel that they were in the greatest country in the world. While it might have been cruel, many Americans did not trust the immigrants, and they felt that these people must be taught to fit in if they were going to have any hope of remaining in America… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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