Research Paper: Health Care Workers

Pages: 7 (2251 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 10  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Healthcare  ·  Buy This Paper


[. . .] Interventions to Deal with Depression

Employer Interventions

The development of programs to reduce work load, monitor hours, and give employees the perception of greater personal control and reduce stress can help minimize depression in the workplace. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) programs have been used to reduce stress. MBSR is based on the concept of becoming mindful and present in the moment without judgment and utilize contemplation, meditation, and practical applications to daily issues at work. These programs have decreased the stress level at work and have reduced burnout and depression in health care workers (Mackenzie, Poulin, and Seidman-Carlson, 107).

Programs which offer a conflict-management training to decrease potential stress for employees can be useful in decreasing depression in health care organizations. Such programs can decrease work-related stress and depression by creating a positive environment through personal empowerment of employees. Employees that have been exposed to such programs have demonstrated a significant reduction role overload, interpersonal strain, depression. Employees also found that conflict-management training assists them to manage the demands of their job. Providing opportunities for counseling or outlets to express concerns in a sanction-free environment can also help lessen burnout and depression. These findings also indicate that by making available even brief interventions for health care workers can reduce conflict, reduce stress, and increase the perceived sense of control that workers experience which would increase job satisfaction (Haraway and Haraway, 11-17).

Employee Interventions

Health care professionals can engage in several activities to avoid becoming depressed: 1) become educated about depression and its symptoms; 2) check themselves regularly and consult another professional, especially if they find their morale decreasing or feel constantly drained; 3) evaluate coworkers and discuss concerns; 4) take time each day for relaxation; 5) get regular exercise, nutrition, and rest; and 6) confide in trusted colleges and friends to develop a support system that will lessen the chances of becoming depressed or allow for one to recognize potential warning signs (Wallace, Lemaire, and Ghali 1718-1719).

It is clear from the research that depression is a major concern for health care workers; however, there are simple interventions and precautions that can be observed to recognize the warning signs and conditions that foster depression and to avoid its occurrence.

Works Cited

Bender, Asch and Peter Farvolden. "Depression and the workplace: A progress report." Current Psychiatry Reports 10(1) (2008):73-79. Print.

Bourbonnais, Rene, Monique Comeau, and Michel Vezinal. "Job strain and evolution of mental health among nurses." Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 4 (1999): 95-107. Print.

Felton, J.S. "Burnout as a clinical entity - its importance in health care workers." Occupational Medicine 48 (4) (1998): 237-250. Print.

Glazer, Greer. "Overview and summary: The doctor of nursing practice: Need for more dialogue." Online Journal of Issues in Nursing 10 (3) (2005): 10-13. Web 17 March 2011.

Haraway, Danna. L. And William M. Haraway. "Analysis of the effect of conflict-management and resolution training on employee stress at a healthcare organization." Hospital Topics: Research and Perspectives on Healthcare 83 (4) (2005):11-17. Print.

Levine, Ruth E. And Stephen C. Bryant. "The depressed physician: A different kind of impairment." Hospital Physician February (2000): 67-86. Web 19 March 2011.

Mackenzie, Corey S., Patricia A. Poulin, and Rhonda Seidman-Carlson. "A brief mindfulness- based stress reduction intervention for nurses and nurse aides." Applied nursing research ANR 19.2 (2006):105-109. Print.

McCranie, Edward W. And Jeffery W. Brandsma. "Personality antecedents of burnout among middle-aged physicians." Behavioral Medicine 14 (1) (1988):30-36. Print.

McGowan, Brian. "Self-reported stress and its effects on nurses." Nursing Standard, 15(42) (2001): 33-38. Print.

Miller Merry and Ramsey K. McGowen. "The painful truth: Physicians are not invincible." Southern Medical Journal 93(10) (2000):966-973. Print.

NSDUH Report. Office of Applied Studies. "Results from the 2006 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National findings" (DHHS Publication No. SMA 07-4293, NSDUH Series H-32). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Web 20 March 2011

Ohler, Marilyn C., Micheal S. Kerr, and Dorthy A. Forbes. "Depression in Nurses." Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 42 (3) (2010): 66-82. Print.

Scott, Allene J., Timothy H. Monk, and Louanne L. Brink. "Shiftwork as a risk factor for depression: A pilot study." Occupational Environmental Health (Supplement 2) (1997):S2-S9. Print.

Stewart, Walter F. et al. "Cost of lost productive work time among U.S. workers with depression." JAMA 289 (2003):3135 -- 3144. Print.

Tennant, Christopher. "Work-related stress and depressive disorders."… [END OF PREVIEW]

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APA Format

Health Care Workers.  (2011, March 24).  Retrieved July 18, 2019, from

MLA Format

"Health Care Workers."  24 March 2011.  Web.  18 July 2019. <>.

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"Health Care Workers."  March 24, 2011.  Accessed July 18, 2019.