Research Paper: Health Population: Elderly

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[. . .] Nurses can assess and educate the patient's ability to administer medications, educate on dosages, purpose and side effects. They can also observe the medication effectiveness and monitor side effects.

Nurses collaborating with doctors and pharmacists could simplify the amount of medications needed by patients, address the possible need for puncture packs for the elderly, as well as assist patients with med lists for doctor's appointments. This simplification could lower costs for the elderly and the community.

Describe theories of motivation and behavior change, which you are using.

The health belief model is one of the most consistent in the prediction of behaviors, particularly when it is used in conjunction with the ecological model that incorporates the individual, people and their environment, along with the developmental history and culture to change behavior. According to this model, behavior is linked to the knowledge, values, and beliefs of a person and can be used as a way to decrease barriers. By gaining a better understanding of a culture and its values, we can influence behaviors in a positive way. This would lead to better health outcomes for the Elderly whole. (Harkness & Demarco, 2012). By evaluating and educating elderly patients sent home from hospitals during the first 6 months of drug therapy, nurses can collaborate with other healthcare professionals and act as liaisons between doctors, caregivers and pharmacists. They can make home care visits, phone calls, and set up group education nights at clinics. All of these aspects can have a tremendously powerful impact on the overall health and wellness of the elderly patient.

Nurses can assess and educate the patient's ability to administer medications, educate on dosages, purpose and side effects. They can also observe the medication effectiveness and monitor side effects.

Educating and monitoring patients over a period can lessen the high risks of drugs. This will create a healthier informed person and lower the costs of repeated hospital admissions as well as deaths resulting in a healthier community. Such observations and assessments can have a tremendous impact on how these individuals are cared for and the method that is taken with them.

Explain how you would evaluate the effectiveness of your plan/intervention.

To determine the effectiveness of the intervention, questionnaires will be given to all of the patients -- questionnaires which contain short answers and multiple choice, along with phone calls and home visits. Permission to obtain information from the primary doctor would be beneficial to find out exact statistics for each patient, such as if readmission to hospitals had lessoned in the community after a 6-month teaching period.

Assess the preventive and protective healthcare needs of a community of individuals, including emergency preparedness. Develop a plan for using behavioral change techniques to promote optimum health of a community, include culturally and spiritually sensitive care.

Preventative care is absolutely and fundamentally key with this population. The key to successful preventative care generally revolves around delegating educational activities to midlevel practitioners, pharmacists and designated nurses. This form of delegation can prevent things like time restraints, health beliefs, cultural differences and comparable issues become too overwhelming during hospital stays. A higher level of organization, in conjunction with a higher level of cultural sensitivity, can help impact patient behavior and minimize readmissions to the hospital, particularly when used in conjunction with visits and phone calls (Umore, 2011). Spiritual health endeavors will need to be introduced to the community slowly over time and be treated as a serious pillar of health and wellness: meditation, yoga and aromatherapy are all essential to this cause.

References

Coughlin, T.A. (2006). The health care experiences of rural Medicaid beneficiaries. Journal of Health

Care for the Poor and Underserved, 17(3), 575-91.

Griffiths, R., Johnson, M., Piper, M., & Langdon, R. (2004). A nursing intervention for the quality use of medicines by the elderly clients. International Journal of Nursing Practice,

Griffiths, R., Johnson, M., Piper, M., & Langdon, R. (2004). A nursing intervention for the quality use of medicines by the elderly clients. International Journal of Nursing Practice,

166-176. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdf

Harkness, G.A., & DeMarco, R.F. (2012). Community and public health nursing Evidence for practice. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Krousel-Wood,, M. (2009). New medication adherence scale vs. pharmacy fill rates in hypertensive seniors. American Journal of Managed Care,15(1), 59-66.

Vik, S.A. (2004). Measurement, correlates, and health outcomes of medication adherence among… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Health Population: Elderly.  (2014, April 5).  Retrieved March 23, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/health-population-elderly/6954212

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