Research Paper: Health Promotion Program for Alzheimer

Pages: 4 (1456 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Gerontology  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] Those with high cholesterol and high blood pressure were at a risk that was six times higher than the individual without high cholesterol and high blood pressure for the development of dementia later in life.

The Alzheimer's Association additionally reports that previous research studies have shown that "high intake of saturated fat and cholesterol clogs the arteries and is associated with a higher risk for Alzheimer's disease." (2012) Alternatively, HDL or what is termed as 'good' cholesterol "may help protect brain cells." (Alzheimer's Association, 2012) It is suggested that the individual use "mono- and polyunsaturated fats, such as olive oil" and that baking and grilling food is preferable for maintaining good health to frying foods. (Alzheimer's Association, 2012)

Additionally, research indicates that certain foods may serve to bring about a reduction in the risk of heart disease and stroke and may even protect brain cells. Specifically stated is the following information:

(1) In general, dark-skinned fruits and vegetables have the highest levels of naturally occurring antioxidant levels. Such vegetables include: kale, spinach, brussels sprouts, alfalfa sprouts, broccoli, beets, red bell pepper, onion, corn and eggplant. Fruits with high antioxidant levels include prunes, raisins, blueberries, blackberries, strawberries, raspberries, plums, oranges, red grapes and cherries.

(2) Cold water fish contain beneficial omega-3 fatty acids: halibut, mackerel, salmon, trout and tuna.

(3) Some nuts can be a useful part of your diet; almonds, pecans and walnuts are a good source of vitamin E, an antioxidant. (Alzheimer's Association, 2012)

Vitamins are also noted as an important part of maintaining good health for the Alzheimer's patient as there is reported to be "some indication that vitamins such as vitamin E, or vitamin sE and C. together, vitamin B12 and folate" may be important in lowering the risk of the individual in developing Alzheimer's. (Alzheimer's Association, 2012)

III. Social Activity

According to the Alzheimer's Association research has shown that individuals who are "regularly engaged in social interaction maintain their brain vitality. One study reported that leisure activities that combine physical, mental and social activity are the most likely to prevent dementia. In the study of 800 men and women aged 75 and older, those who were more physically active, more mentally active or more socially engaged had a lower risk for developing dementia" (2012) Findings show that individuals involved in all of the stated activities had the best possible outcomes. (Alzheimer's Association, 2012, paraphrased) Research findings also state that "sports, cultural activities, emotional support and close personal relationships together appear to have a protective effect against dementia." (Alzheimer's Association, 2012) The Alzheimer's Association recommends that the individual should: (1) remain active in the workplace; (2) volunteer in the community for groups and causes; (3) join social clubs and groups; and (4) travel. (2012)

Summary and Conclusion

The findings in this study show that the primary components of a health promotion and maintenance program for individuals with Alzheimer's disease should include the key components of:

(1) physical activity and exercise;

(2) social interactions

(3) mental activity; and (3) nutritional assists.

As noted by the Alzheimer's Association the combination of "physical and mental activity with social engagement -- and a brain-healthy diet -- is more effective than any of these factors alone." (2012) Therefore, the health promotion program for the individual with Alzheimer's must be inclusive of a nutritional component, a component focused on physical activity, a component focused on mental activity and a component focused on social activity and interactions in order to address the varied needs of the individual with Alzheimer's disease.

Bibliography

Adopt a Brain-Healthy Diet (2012) Alzheimer's Association. Retrieved from: http://www.alz.org/we_can_help_adopt_a_brain_healthy_diet.asp

Berkman, LF (1995) The Role of Social Relations in Health Promotion. Psychosomatic Medicine. Vo. 57, Issue 3. Retrieved from: http://www.psychosomaticmedicine.org/content/57/3/245.short

Gillett-Guyonnet, Sophie, et al. (2000) Weight Loss in Alzheimer Disease. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Vol. 71 no. 2. Retrieved from: http://www.ajcn.org/content/71/2/637s.full

Growing Stronger -- Strength Training for Older Adults (2011) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/growingstronger/index.html

Remain Socially Active (2012) Alzheimer's Association. Retrieved from: http://www.alz.org/we_can_help_remain_socially_active.asp

Stay Mentally Active (2012) Alzheimer's Association. Retrieved from: http://www.alz.org/we_can_help_stay_mentally_active.asp

Stay Physically Active (2012) Alzheimer's Association. Retrieved from: http://www.alz.org/we_can_help_stay_physically_active.asp [END OF PREVIEW]

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Health Promotion Program for Alzheimer.  (2012, April 25).  Retrieved June 19, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/health-promotion-program-alzheimer/9358653

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"Health Promotion Program for Alzheimer."  25 April 2012.  Web.  19 June 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/health-promotion-program-alzheimer/9358653>.

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"Health Promotion Program for Alzheimer."  Essaytown.com.  April 25, 2012.  Accessed June 19, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/health-promotion-program-alzheimer/9358653.