Term Paper: Healthcare Access

Pages: 5 (1423 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Healthcare  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Without access to healthcare people can suffer from anxiety, depression, sickness, and stress, and other symptoms that affect not only individuals, but families and communities of that individual as well (ProCon, 2014). Many of the conditions that afflict people are easily treated through primary care and a health person is not only a more successful member of a family, but also of the community and its workforce.

People that are afflicted with a physical or mental illness can further hinder the local economy because they are not as productive as they would be if they were in a healthy state. Any kind of illness can make it more difficult for people to find meaningful employment. Furthermore, most people need employment in order to get access to healthcare and therefore the unemployed have virtually no options available to them. For many people, even though they are working they do not receive healthcare from their employer. Therefore, their illnesses can job performance if they are already working but are still uninsured. Although these factors represent indirect costs of bad health and shorter life spans of Americans suffering from uninsurance amounts to $65-130 billion annually (ProCon, 2014).

Conclusion

Improving the access to healthcare system has many tangible economic benefits on top of the moral argument that can be made. Not only is it an ethical position, but expanding healthcare to as many people as possible is beneficial to the entire community. Some people actually argue that the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution mandate services that maintain life. The Declaration of Independence states that all men have the unalienable right to "Life," which entails having the health care needed to preserve life; the Preamble of the U.S. Constitution states its purpose is to "promote the general welfare" of the people and just as all Americans have the right to an education, they should have the right to health care because they both "promote the general welfare. (ProCon, 2014)." Therefore the government has a role in managing the quality of life by providing healthcare to all its citizens.

There will be many challenges that will be presented in increase access to healthcare. Nursing recruitment and retention will be one of the critical success factors as the demand for healthcare expands. Furthermore, as the healthcare system itself continues to evolve, the current nurses will also need continuing education to keep pace. For most local communities there will almost undoubtedly be a shortage of trained professionals available to care for patience. "It costs $50,000 to $100,000 to replace one nurse -- and that's not counting salary," said Pat Rutherford, vice president of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, a nonprofit organization based in Cambridge, Mass (Haynes, 2008). It is also noted that the 2025 demand for professionals will be as high as it has been estimate when retirements and other factors will change the industry.

Yet there have been some communities that have taken proactive steps to improve the access to healthcare that can be used as models. For example, The Picard Center has proposed to expand Medicaid reimbursement payments for the full range of services school nurses are already providing -- such as writing health plans, administering medication and managing chronic diseases -- at no cost to the State for their portion of the Medicaid match. By expanding the availability of school nurses and providing care coordination, the Picard Center estimates reduced hospital utilization rates, the development of stronger partnerships between health care networks, school districts and communities, the creation of approximately 1,000 new well-paying nursing jobs and about $3.6 million yearly in tax revenue for Louisiana (National Association of School Nurses, N.d.). Thus both education and outreach must be included in the path to the expansion of healthcare in the local community.

Works Cited

Haynes, D. (2008, September 13). What Nurses Want. Retrieved from The Washington Post: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/09/12/AR2008091203367.html

HRSA Press Office. (2011, December 8). Affordable Care Act support for school-based health centers will create jobs, increase access to care for thousands of children.

National Association of School Nurses. (N.d.). Making the Case. Retrieved from National Association of School Nurses: http://www.nasn.org/portals/0/advocacy/Making_the_Case.pdf

ProCon. (2014, February 5). Should All Americans Have the Right (Be Entitled) to Health Care? Retrieved from ProCon: http://healthcare.procon.org/ [END OF PREVIEW]

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Healthcare Access.  (2014, June 7).  Retrieved March 22, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/healthcare-access/21922

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https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/healthcare-access/21922.