Healthcare Management Australia's Health Care Essay

Pages: 4 (1307 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Healthcare

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
Just as has been enumerated initially, state government funding for healthcare mainly comes from general taxation; block grants and specific purpose payments from the Australian government; funding from state fiscal resources; and funding from non-governmental sources. A state Health Departments budget must be within its budgetary process. Health grants to the states from the Commonwealth are disbursed based on population formula and performance measurements. States that secure large health grants are more likely to suffer reduced revenue from the Commonwealth. Some of the grants given to individual states are subject to fiscal equalization (Healy, Sharman & Lokuge, 2006). This equalization done by the Commonwealth Grants Commission is meant to ensure that all states are capable of providing adequate health services without levying higher taxes on the citizens. Under the Australian Health Care Agreements, public hospitals are a state responsibility. The Commonwealth therefore provides capped prospective block grants to the states. Agreements are therefore reached on basis of the level of Commonwealth involvement. In this regard performance indicators and service targets have been set out. This gives states some considerable flexibility in resource allocation to hospitals (Healy, Sharman & Lokuge, 2006). States often encourage patients to see private doctors who bill Medicare instead of attending state run public hospitals by offering incentives. Salaried medical officers are employees of hospitals and are therefore paid salaries to work at the hospital full time. Visiting medical officers are just but independent contractors and are paid for services they render.

Essay on Healthcare Management Australia's Health Care Assignment

The Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) offers financial assistance to patients to cover costs of services rendered by medical practioners, participating optometrists, practice nurses, dentists, and other allied health professionals. The Pharmaceuticals Benefits Scheme (PBS) ensures that those who are eligible for Medicare get affordable access to a wide range of necessary cost-effective prescription medicine. Eligible patients not having Health Care Card, Pensioner Concession Card, or Commonwealth Seniors Health Card are required to pay up to $34.20 for each prescription item for medicines listed on the PBS. Under private health insurance, health insurers may offer policies that cover the above costs of the prescription items as part of hospital treatment. The National Healthcare Specific Purpose Payments (SPPS) enables states to fund public hospital and health services. It has since been replaced by National Health Reform funding. National Partnership Agreement funds the delivery of specific projects or reforms by states and territories. Hospital reform, preventive health, and workforce reform fall under NPA.

The United States healthcare system can learn a lot form the Australian Health System. As opposed to Australia where there is some sort of rationalization of grant funding to the state public hospitals to cushion the general public from over-taxation, United States citizens pay much more since prices are expressed as a range. Prices of health care services should be centrally set so that everyone pays almost the same amount regardless of the region where they come from or the insurance arrangement. To avoid stretching facilities at the public and community healthcare facilities, Americans should be offered incentives for seeing private doctors who bill Medicare. With regard to equity of health care, United States authorities should ensure that their financing system is progressive like that in Australia. Australia should also ensure that financing system should not just favor privately insured patients with higher incomes (Spencer, 2004). The United States is currently considering extending private cover to the uninsured. This is something that the Australian government can take up (Lairson, Hindson & Hauquitz, 1995).

References List

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012). Health Care Delivery and Financing. Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/1301.0~2012~Main%2

Features~Health%20care%20delivery%20and%20financing~235

Healy, J., Sharman, E, & Lokuge, B. (2006). Australia: Health system review. Health Systems

in Transition, 8(5), 1-158.

Lairson, D.R., Hindson, P. & Hauquitz, A. (1995). Equity of Health Care in Australia. Social Sciences Medical Journal, 41(4), 475-482.

Spencer, J. (2004). Narrowing the inequality gap in oral health and dental care in Australia:… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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