Term Paper: Healthcare Reforms From 1990s Till Present Time

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Healthcare Reforms From 1990s Till Present Time:

In the 1990s, two leading trends have witnessed healthcare- viz. growing enrolment in the Medicaid entitlement program and the huge growth in government healthcare spending. While a third trend that is taking shape has been the proliferation of managed care system. The launching of managed care into Medicaid was viewed as an opportunity to radically minimize healthcare costs of government. Before 1997, states were required to get federal waivers before experimenting with Medicaid managed care systems. The introduction of the Balanced Budget Amendment or BBA of 1997 did away with the need totally and paved the way for Medicaid managed care. Managed Care holds immense capability to benefit Medicaid clients. Greater access, continuous care and quality of care measurements are the guarantees of the new system. Managed care is able to provide these benefits in an efficient manner due to an organizational network and information system capacity. With increased access, doubts are being raised regarding managed care's immaturity in managing populations loaded with high rates of chronic disease and disability. With Medicaid patients in greater numbers converting to managed-care systems, the present safety-net that delivers care for America's underserved- Medicaid patients, the uninsured and the underinsured which roughly constitutes a fourth of the U.S. population is in danger. (Granger; Young, 1999)

Impact of healthcare reforms on nursing:

Nurses deliver a unique viewpoint on the healthcare reforms. Nursing plans for reforms switch to a system which concentrates on the expensive treatment of ailments to a system that stresses primary healthcare services and the promotion, restoration, and maintenance of health. It raises the responsibility of the consumer and role in healthcare decision making and targets on partnership among consumers and service providers. It triggers a new delivery arrangement which prepares healthcare a more crucial constituent of individual and community life. Moreover it guarantees that healthcare services are right, effective, feasible, and concentrated on the needs of the consumer. The bedrock of nursing plan for reform is the provision of primary healthcare services in favor households and people in convenient, familiar places. When health is regarded as a genuine national priority, it is reasonable to provide services in the places in which people work and reside. Optimizing the use of these sites can facilitate in eliminating the fragmentation and absence of coordination that have come to typify the present healthcare system. Besides, it can help in promoting a more 'consumer friendly' system in which services like health education, screening, immunizations, proper child care and pre-natal care would be within reach. ("Nursing's Agenda for Healthcare Reform," n. d.)

Consequences of limited access to health care:

Access can be described as the timely use of personal health services to get the best possible health results. Limited access to healthcare will definitely have alarming consequences. People lacking access to healthcare have less likelihood of getting a regular source of care, more probable to get substandard quality care and will possibly lose their lives in infancy, apart from multitude of other adverse health consequences. The number of people in U.S. unable to access medical care as they are underinsured or do not possess any insurance continues to rise further. The abnormal U.S. system of basing insurance on job is in trouble in the face of businesses who no more are guaranteeing this same promise to their employees. A report reveals that the number of uninsured U.S. citizens went up by 6 million between 2000 and 2004, with this rise mainly because of declines in employer coverage, and recommends that this pattern have… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Healthcare Reforms From 1990s Till Present Time.  (2007, September 13).  Retrieved November 15, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/healthcare-reforms-1990s-till-present/935961

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"Healthcare Reforms From 1990s Till Present Time."  Essaytown.com.  September 13, 2007.  Accessed November 15, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/healthcare-reforms-1990s-till-present/935961.