Term Paper: Hinduism and Christianity Comparison

Pages: 2 (782 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Mythology - Religion  ·  Buy This Paper

Hinduism and Christianity

Comparison of Hinduism and Christianity

While salvation is something that is offered primarily through the Christian God -- Hinduism seeks a different ideal: liberation from the life cycle -- freedom from samsara: in other words, moksha. Depending upon one's good or bad karma, moksha is either at hand or still at some spiritual distance. This paper will compare and contrast the defining principles of Hinduism with those of Christianity.

In Hinduism, the origin of life is considered to have taken place at the birth of the universe. Just as evolution teaches that life evolved over the ages, Hinduism teaches that life is continually reborn. The goal of life in Hinduism is to be free of the life cycle and ultimately merge with God. As Jack Sikora (2002) states, "Moksha is not equivalent to the Western term/concept of 'salvation;' however, out of convenience many writers…will employ the term 'salvation' to indicate moksha, Nirvana, or some other ultimate spiritual goal" (p. 3). The idea, here, is significant.

Identity in Hinduism is determined by one's dharma. Dharma is like the duty that a Hindu was obligated to undergo -- and it is related to one's karma. One's karma, therefore, in the great cycle of life, could be affected by deeds or misdeeds in this life as well as in one of former times. If, for example, one was of a low caste -- this was the unfortunate result of bad karma -- perhaps the effect of misdeeds of the person in his other life.

The meaning and purpose of Hinduism is to learn to Control one's self and do good which, over time, results in a better karma: thus, through a series of "many incarnations one can master and overcome one's evil tendencies and control one's karma" (Sikora, p. 12). By controlling the karma, one gains liberty of the cycle -- the samsara -- and achieves moksha -- liberation from the life cycle and union with the divinity. This is also the essence of Hinduism's morality.

Hinduism does not acknowledge the "common good." The relation between Brahmin priest and the gods is meant merely to facilitate individuals: the idea of community is nil. If one is suffering -- it is the result of karma; it is his job to bring himself to a better state: no one else can do it… [END OF PREVIEW]

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"Hinduism and Christianity Comparison."  Essaytown.com.  October 29, 2011.  Accessed May 25, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/hinduism-christianity-comparison/82365.