Hispanic-American Population Assessment Pockets Term Paper

Pages: 6 (2434 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 6  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Population

It looks forward to adding more specialists and services to its list. It continues to work closely mostly with the Hispanic-American community to identify its other basic needs not yet attended to, unavailable or currently un-affordable (Serve the People).

Latino Health Access launched the Healthy Eating, Active Communities project in the 92701 zip-code where 92% is Latino (LHA, 2011). It contributes to fill the feeding and physical activity needs of its more than 61,000 residents who live below the federal poverty level at 68%. In addition to high population density, Santa Ana is also short of open space for physical activity at only 0.9 acres per 1,000 persons. The National Parks & Recreation recommends 10 acres (LHA).

Active Living in Santa Ana or ALISA is a diverse partnership between the Santa Ana local government and local non-government organizations that addresses the low-income needs of Hispanic-American residents of the city (ALISA, 2011). It focuses efforts on public housing. Initially, it secured grants to support increased physical activity, improved physical education and training for teachers and the CATCH curriculum. Other endeavors included forming and maintaining walking and exercise groups at public housing facilities, coordination with media to promote active living, and increasing and improving parks and other areas for physical activity (ALISA).

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Primary prevention discourages the development of disease and disability (Library Index, 2011). Schools provide immunizations, insure safe and adequate supply of drinking water, provide dental sealants to prevent dental caries, and safety policies in the school environment. Secondary prevention identifies and detects disease in early stages before noticeable symptoms develop. This is to insure early and successful treatment and the spread of contagious diseases. These can be done by the school through regular check-ups and screening. And tertiary prevention improves the quality of life of those already ill by controlling complications, severity and progression of disease and by providing rehabilitation or therapy. The National Diabetes Education Program of the CDC and the NIDDK aims at raising public awareness of the reality and consequences of diabetes, improving self-care, increasing the knowledge and treatment of diabetes and promoting pertinent health policies. Healthy eating and increased physical activity are tertiary resources for preventing or containing diabetes and obesity (Library Index).

An evidence-based practice example is the Clinica Carino, a student-managed group at the Irvine College of Medicine at the University of California (AOA, 2011). It provides preventative medical care, consisting of screenings, detection and the facilitation of treatment of diabetes, hypertension, depression and health issues in teens or women. It started in 1997 as an outreach initiative, which focused on disease prevention, disease recognition and counseling. It provides meals to more than 350 individuals and families every Saturday. For its excellent work, Clinica Carino won first prize for community service research from the National Health Service Corps in 2002 (AOA).

Links with National Health Objectives

Major health issues confronting the Hispanic-American community in Santa Ana are among the 28 major focus areas of Healthy People 2010 (NCHS, 2011; OCHNA, 2011). These health issues are diabetes, coronary heart disease, arthritis, mental health disorders, cancer, substance abuse, overweight and poor physical health and fitness. Dealing with them in the community is thus relevant to national health objectives.

City planning must get back to its roots in public health and social justice (Corburn,

2009). City planning and public health practices together can address health problems. The collaboration can be the scientific base for effective participatory action, coalition and monitoring. The design of cities can be made to encourage physical activity. This was demonstrated by the alliance between government agencies and the community of the San Francisco Bay area. The alliance connected environmental justice, chronic illness in the community, housing development projects and planning processes to public health (Corburn).


Hispanic-Americans are the largest ethnic group in the U.S. And most of whom are in poor health (NCHS, 2011). They are at risk for obesity, overweight, hypertension and type-2 diabetes on a nationwide basis. Santa Ana is the largest city in California where 78% of the population is Hispanic-American. Many health initiatives have been conducted to respond to the problem consistent with the Healthy People 2010 goals. But a lot more need to be accomplished (NCHS; Bracho, 2007; LCHC, 2006). #


AOA (2011). Student service project award recipients. Irvine College of Medicine:

University of California. Retrieved on October 3, 2011 from http://www.alphaomegaalpha.org/ucirvine_spar.html

Area Connect (2011). Santa Ana Population and Demographics. Area Connect Santa

Ana: MDNH. Retrieved on September 28, 2011 from http://santaana.areaconnect.com/statistics.htm

Bracho, A. (2007). What no one is telling you. Take One step: WGBH Educational

Foundation. Retrieved on September 28, 2011 from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/takeonestep/fat/people_bracho.html

Corburn, J. (2009). Toward the healthy city. Cambridge, Mass.: the Massachusetts

Institute of Technology

LHA (2011). Healthy eating, active communities -- Santa Ana. Latino Health Access.

Retrieved on September 28, 2011 from http://latinohealthaccess.net/programs/policy-advocacy/healthy-eating-active-communities

LCHC (2006). Obesity in Latino communities. Latin Coalition for a Healthy

California. Retrieved on September 28, 2011 from http://www.lchc.org/documents/Obesity/latinosLCHC.pdf

Library Index (2011). Prevention of disease. Net Industries and Licensure. Retrieved on October 3, 2011 from http://www.libraryindex.com/Pages/2959/Prevention-disease.html

Lopez, A. And Carillo, E., editors (2001). The Latino psychiatric patient: assessment and treatment. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.

NCHS (2011). Health of Hispanic or Latino population. National Center for Health

Statistics: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved on September 28,

2011 from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastasts/hispanic_health.htm

- (2010). Healthy People 2010 focus areas. Retrieved on September 28, 2011 from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/healthy_people/hp2010/hp2010_focus_areas.htm

OCHNA (2005). Obesity: health crisis in Orange County. Orange County Health Needs

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