Term Paper: Hispanics Living in Alabama

Pages: 8 (2320 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 0  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Disease  ·  Buy This Paper


[. . .] This particular border has the highest rates of death from the disease in both countries, but the disease claims three times as many sufferers from Hispanics as compared to non- Hispanics. (Figueroa, Lorena Border Health Initiative, and El Diario, February 14, 2001)

According to the PAHO analysis, the Hispanic community is also prone to the problem of obesity along with the affliction from diabetes. PAHO works along with government departments and many other public agencies for the care of the health of the Hispanics. In many cases, they provide the funding in partnership to states and public agencies while collaborating with them on their health plans and conduct research as also develop materials so that the health aspects of the Hispanic community can be promoted. PAHO also advises on the communication of information, knowledge and awareness about various diseases for the public as well as the health care staff and this helps informed decision making for the treatment of the different diseases, which affect the Hispanics. They also sponsor research for determining the causes of the diseases in Hispanics.

To monitor the progress of reduction of preventable disease and death within a community, one of the methods used is to measure the incidence of communicable diseases within the community. This measurement also helps the community to determine the effectiveness of the educational and preventive programs as also to find out the differences in health care available to different sections. A set of increasing numbers would show that health care costs are high and that more people are suffering. This would also indicate a lower quality of life for the affected people and their families. The increase in communicable diseases would also be reflected in high rates of absenteeism in schools and places of work. Diseases like tuberculosis, neurocysticercosis, brucellosis, typhoid fever, malaria, amebiasis, viral exanthemas, and hepatitis in addition to other common American ailments affect the Hispanic population. (Infections in Hispanic immigrants, White Jr. AC, Atmar RL. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Jun 15; 34(12): 1627-32. Epub 2002 May 24, University of Chicago Press)

Hispanic community is very much susceptible to communicable diseases. As much as 55 per centof the active cases of TB reported in the U.S. were among the Hispanics / Latinos or African-Americans. The urban poverty, overcrowded living conditions, HIV infections and poor compliance with TB chemotherapy had probably led to this disproportionately high incidence of the disease. (Microbiology and Infectious Diseases) Again the incidence of rubella in the United States has been drastically reduced due to the very successful rubella vaccination programme and there were only 176 cases in 2000. But still the disease seems to be affecting a very high number of Hispanic adults according to the surveillance data and has increased from19 per cent in 1991 to 78% in 2000. Today, rubella is seen to occur mostly among people who have not had the regular rubella vaccination programs, or have only been recently vaccinated due to their being born in countries which did not have such programs, which makes it clear that the hispanic community had not been benefitted from the vacination program. (Groseclose; Brathwaite; Hall;. Knowles; Adams; Connor and others, 2002).

Asthma is a common American disease and affects 20 million Americans. Now, it seems to be spreading among the Hispanics of Puerto Rican origin children and African-American children. To control this disease, a large number of emmission control laws have been instituted, but the increase in the numbers of motor vehicles seem to have negated the benefits from that factor. In addition, there are still very large numbers of tall stacks to disperse sulfur dioxide from coal burning plants which reduce the presence of sulfur dioxide at the ground level, but are converted into sulfuric acid in the air and that comes down to the ground. The acid aerosol situation has thus not really changed. With regard to the virus Hepatitis C, the latinos are seen to be at the greatest risk. For the U.S. Hispanic communities, Hepatitis A has been a significant cause of death, in spite of the efforts to spread the knowledge of importance of washing hands as also the administration of immunoglobulin to the people with the disease. The efforts to control Hepatitis A in the Hispanic population have now improved according to the communicable disease directors in California, Texas and other Southwest border area states due to the recent availability of two Hepatitis A vaccines in the country. The statistical data indicates that HAV infection is prevalent at a much higher rate among Hispanics than among non-Hispanics. The rates have been estimated to be 17.6 per 100,000 populations among the Hispanics, as against the non-Hispanic rate of 7.5 per 100,000. This was determined in a 1992 study by Dr. [END OF PREVIEW]

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