History Term Paper

Pages: 11 (3141 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 11  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Children

In part three of the act the protection of children is mandated to the authorities if the authorites deem that the children are in need of that protection.

17. -- (1) It shall be the general duty of every local authority (in addition to the other duties imposed on them by this Part) -- a) to safeguard and promote the welfare of children within their area who are in need; and b) so far as is consistent with that duty, to promote the upbringing of such children by their families, by providing a range and level of services appropriate to those children's needs.

2) For the purpose principally of facilitating the discharge of their general duty under this section, every local authority shall have the specific duties and powers set out in Part 1 of Schedule 2."

The above provides clear instructions regarding the place and duties of the governmental agencies in the event the topic of children's rights gets brought to the forefront. The governmental agencies are mandated to allow parents to raise their children completely under their individual and guidance while at the same time observing without intruding to locate or know if children are in need of assistance. If the governmental local agencies find or believe that a child or children are in need of protection it is incumbent upon that governmental agency to step in and provide the safety and protection that the parents or caretakers are failing to provide.

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The act provides many suggestions and mandates to the treatment and rights of children but it stops short of disallowing corporal punishment. The ability to smack a child in the United Kingdom dates back to 1860 where the law of reasonable chastisement was placed in affect. This ability that is on the legal books of the United Kingdom laws allows parents to hit their child as punishment, and in anger, and in retaliation and to be punitive. Today the world is aware that striking a child can cause emotional harm to that child which may well carry into their adult lives. The occasional spanking may not harm the child but this mandate does not discuss the circumstances or the harshness of meted out punishment and the correctness of such things.

Term Paper on History There Has Been a Assignment

The UN has repeatedly asked the United Kingdom to outlaw the hitting of children for any reason and urged it to produce more positive and more safe methods of teaching consequences and self-discipline.

Children are smaller, weaker and more vulnerable. The least they deserve is proper legal protection from being hit as we adults enjoy. It works in other countries. Children in Germany, Sweden, Denmark and many other countries are protected from beinghit by law, why not here too? "

Hitting children is not a solution, it's a lesson in bad behaviour. It's ineffective as a means of discipline and it can be emotionally and physically harmful.'

Currently in the United Kingdom and Wales there is one child per week being killed through abuse according to statistics.

In addition to the act of 1989 the United Kingdom government worked to ratify it in 1991. The new act provided that the government will evaluate itself and its measures of rights for children and protection for children to be sure it is complying with the UN convention on the rights of children.

When the UK ratified the Convention in 1991, it set down at the same time several reservations, or 'opt-outs', which mean that UK national law takes precedence over the articles of the Convention. This would not be a concern if national law protected children more than the Convention - but in fact the UK reservations have severely limited children's rights, particularly for asylum-seeking children and young offenders. UNICEF UK has been vocal in trying to get these reservations removed. In 1999, one of the reservations - relating to child labour - was successfully lifted. As a result, 16 to 18-year-olds at work now have the protection of both the UN Convention and the UK's child labour laws, instead of being treated as adults."

The welfare of children in many nations is placed below the beer and tobacco sales in dollar amounts according to some experts.

In March of 2001 the welfare of children in the system of England were studied with the following findings:

There were 26,800 children on child protection registers at 31 March 2001, over 11% less than a year earlier. This figure represents 24 children per 10,000 of the population aged under 18.

There were 27,000 additions to the registers (registrations) during the year ending 31 March 2001 and 30,200 children were de-registered over this same period. This was a decrease of 8% for registrations and a decrease of 1% for de-registrations in comparison with the previous year.

At 31 March 2001, there were more boys on the register than girls; a reversal of the position a decade ago.

5,400 (20%) of the children on the register at 31 March 2001 were also looked after by local authorities.

46% of registrations during 2000/2001 related to children considered to be at risk of neglect; this proportion has been rising steadily since 1997 when 36% of registrations involved neglect. The number of cases for which emotional abuse has been recorded has also risen over the same period. In contrast the use of the categories physical injury/abuse and sexual abuse has generally fallen over the last 5 years. "

The register is for the purpose of protecting the children and for recording the needs and assistance that the children in need do receive.

It should be emphasised that the primary purpose of having child protection registers is to assist in the protection of children. Their value for statistical purposes is, therefore, a secondary benefit. The registers are not intended to be a list of all children in the area who have suffered or are likely to suffer significant harm but are those for whom there is a need for a child protection plan. These figures should therefore not be interpreted as a record of all child abuse. " http://www.doh.gov.uk/public/cpr2001.htm http://www.doh.gov.uk/public/cpr2001/cpr2001reg.gif

Children & young people in need of protection & family support - Children's Services Plan http://www.northlan.gov.uk/caring+for+you/children+and+families/childrens+services+plan/children+and+young+people+in+need+of+protection+and+family+support+childrens+services+plan.html

Across the United Kingdom there have been recent measurements taken to improve the protections and rights of children and families with children. One of the most important things that is being done is the promotion of education to understand what is and is not abuse of children. The education works to present the dos and don'ts of raising children as well as teach parents alternative ways to discipline the children and help them learn through non-violent consequences.

Another important change in the United Kingdom deals with young children and daycare needs. The United Kingdom currently provides affordable daycare for those who qualify financially and those who are on vouchers and need to seek employment. These programmes and others are designed to assist with family stressors which in turn will help to protect children from neglect, or abuse.


In 2001 and 2002 there was a grass roots movement to provide the United Kingdom with a commissioner of children's rights. Other nations have them and the organizations in the United Kingdom that push for them believe it will assist in the protection of children's rights. Children rights groups want the children of the United Kingdom to human rights afforded to them as mandated by the United Nations convention of children's rights. This new development of the children's right movement is causing the government to re-evaluate the system that it uses to determine children's rights.


As the world continues to globalize nations are taking a look at the rights of their children and the way they are treated. Children's rights are something that have been addressed between the United Kingdom and the United Nations for more than a decade. The United Nations wants the United Kingdom to adhere to its convention on children's rights while the United Kingdom has been developing its own program. One strong bone of contention between the two is the ability in the United Kingdom to spank children which is prohibited in many other nations. While the United Kingdom has worked to improve the protection and treatment of its children it is important to continue in that same vein as the future of the world moves forward. The children are going to grow up and run the world, cure cancer and invent needed tools. They should be protected now from neglect, abuse and other attacks on rights that adults are provided by law.

As the United Kingdom moves toward the future it is imperative that the rights of children are protected


Graham Hiscott,(2002). UK law on hitting children outdated., Birmingham Post, pp 6.

Author not available (1999). UK GOVERNMENT: UK moves to safeguard children's rights., M2 PressWIRE.

Children's rights… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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