History of E-Commerce Essay

Pages: 3 (1447 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Education - Computers

The current consensus regarding cloud computing among the academic community reveals a conflicting worldview, with much of the research on the efficacy of cloud computing lauding the advancement as revolutionary in nature, while a significant number of studies focus on the glaringly low implementation rates within major technology firms and other multinational entities. As with any pioneering technology, however, cloud computing remains dogged by a number of questions which have yet to receive a satisfactory answer. Namely, what are the implications for widespread adoption of cloud computing on the overall information security management industry, and how can the numerous security deficiencies inherent to cloud computing, risk factors which have been identified through years of rigorously applied research, be successfully anticipated and mitigated before major damage is inflicted? Having absorbed the various perspectives and conclusions contained within the prevailing literature, it is clear that cloud computing's immense potential continues to outweigh its obvious disadvantages, and just as internet connectivity itself was once considered a curios communication method too unsafe for business to be conducted, the novelty of cloud computing will soon be replaced by a natural appreciation for the array of benefits it offers.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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In 1957 the Soviet Union successfully launches the satellite Sputnik into space, marking the first time an artificial satellite had entered orbit. The launch of Sputnik challenges American technological supremacy, prompting investments in computer programming education which eventually serve as the primary catalyst for the early conceptualizing of the ARPANET. In response to Sputnik, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) created the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), an experimental technology program which eventually developed the precursor to the internet we know today. In 1965 researchers at ARPA participated in a study exploring the potential for a "cooperative network of timesharing computers, and the following year Lawrence G. Roberts of MIT published a paper titled "Towards a Cooperative Network of Time-Shared Computers." In 1969 the DOD commissioned ARPANET as the first real-world foray into the networking of computers across large distances for the purposes of direct communication and information exchange.

Throughout the 1970s the ARPANET network was expanded to include an ever increasing amount of nodes and hosts, typically located on prominent university campuses, and in 1973 the internet became an international phenomenon when the University college of London (England) joined the network. In 1976 the Queen of England sends the first ever royal email from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment (RSRE) in Malvern, demonstrating the growing acceptance of this new form of electronic mail transmission. The Domain Name System (DNS) was created in 1984 to assist in organizing the voluminous stream of data continually generated by the internet's expansion and adoption, which was timely because the number of global internet hosts (computer systems with an IP address) climbed from 1,000 in 1984 to above the 10,000 mark in 1987. Demonstrating the nearly exponential growth of the internet, the number of registered hosts worldwide soared above 100,000 just two years later in 1989, and with adoption of internet technology becoming widespread on an international level, the original American ARPANET was shuttered in 1990, after having outgrown its utility and aged into obsolescence.

In 1992 there were more than a million hosts operating around the world, and a milestone in the internet's societal acceptance occurred that same year, when Jean Armour Polly coined the term "surfing the Internet." The White House created its first email account in 1993 and its first official Presidential website in 1994, and by the 25th anniversary of the APRANET/Internet in 1995, the mainstream media had taken notice. The mid- to late-90's were dominated by the dot.com boom (and eventual bursting of that economic bubble), as wildly successful online ventures like Amazon (1994), eBay (1995), Expedia (1996), and search engine titans Yahoo (1994) and Google (1998) transformed the virtual landscape. The unparalleled success of these internet companies led to the disastrous dot.com bubble, as the NASDAQ peaked in 2000 and failed startups like Pets.com (2000) defined the era of excess.


Chaudhury, Abhijit, and Jean-Pierre Kuilboer. E-business and E-commerce Infrastructure:

Technologies Supporting the E-business Initiative. McGraw-Hill Higher Education,


Google Inc. "Form 10-K, Annual Report, Filing Date Jan 26, 2012." Retrieved from Securities

and Exchange Commission website. Retrieved from http://pdf.secdatabase.com/44/0001193125-12-025336.pdf

Power, Mike. "Online highs are old as the net: the first e-commerce… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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"History of E-Commerce."  Essaytown.com.  March 25, 2014.  Accessed September 27, 2020.