History Economic Aspects Social Aspects of Berlin Term Paper

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¶ … Economic Aspects, Social Aspects of Berlin

Berlin remains one of the cities in the world that has experienced constant and unique changes over time, remaining both economically and socially significant in the historical perspective.

Berlin, a middle ages trading center.

Berlin's elector's residence.

Berlin, the royal capital.

Berlin the imperial city.

Berlin survival during its National socialist period.

The fall of the Berlin wall and reunification of the East and west sides.

History, Economic Aspects, Social Aspects of Berlin

The city of Berlin dates back in the 13th century and ever since, it has seen a lot of changes. Latest excavations done in 2008 found an oak beam that indicated that the city perhaps existed by 1183. This oak beam found at Petriplatz indicated that the Berlin city is potentially 54 years older than earlier thought. Despite Berlin experiencing a gradual development economically and socially, they have been constituted by both good and bad memorable times (Becker-Cantarino 87). Nevertheless, it has managed to become one of the most lively capital cities in the middle of Europe. Berlin remains one of the cities in the world that has experienced constant and unique changes over time, remaining both economically and socially significant in a historical perspective.

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Term Paper on History Economic Aspects Social Aspects of Berlin Assignment

During the end of 1100s, Berlin was emerging from two trading small villages of Berlin and Colln which had the Spree River passing between them but currently, it is known as Mitte borough (Schulte-Peevers 180). Despite the above revelations, the official dating of Berlin indicates that the city was founded in 1237, and this was the Colln mentioning where seven years later, there was the first documentation reference of Berlin. In 1230, the St. Nicholas church Nikolaikirche was constructed at a place currently called Nikolaiviertel and fifty years later (1280), Berlin obtained a seal as a new town, made up of the two settlements of Berlin and Colln (Schulte-Peevers 23). These two saw the need in 1307 to merge in the quest to establish support from each other so as to defend and broaden their preferred abilities from margrave. For this to be successful, Berlin produced twelve elders while Colln produced six and all had the collective responsibility to hold their gatherings in a common place (hall) they were sharing after merging. However, their merging did not bring together their respective internal financial responsibilities and leadership to the union but nevertheless remained together in what they presented to the outside world. By the year 1307, it was a step forward for Mark Brandenburg when it become an Electorate and then four years later, the united Berlin and Colln officially become Hanseatic League members and they were representing all other small towns, that existed in their jurisdiction, at the League meetings at Lubeck. The unity and relation of the smaller traders with the city affairs gave the room for growth of trade that reached far and wide, but unfortunately the influence of Berlin-Colln unity was not that significant in the League and thus their inferiority became evident in 1518 when they surrendered their membership (Berlin in Brief, "History-Berlin.de").

In 1390, the currently known as Berlin Town Hall at Mitte borough was first mentioned that time as typically a Berlin town hall. By 1400, the unity of Berlin and Colln saw its people reach approximately 8,500 in number with roughly 1,100 constructed houses/buildings. In addition, the distance between the two towns, Berlin and Colln was occupied by three town halls, health centers, as well as residences for community monks at margrave that indicated a growing city (Becker-Cantarino 73).

Berlin's electors' residence

The time was in 1411 when leadership and directing from Mark was transferred to Bur grave that came from Nuremberg (Hohenzollern Friedrich VI), and this saw the influence of the Hohenzollern's half millennium leadership of Berlin. After five years in authority, King Sigismund who resided at the Council of Constance promoted himself to the level of Elector where else Margrave coming from Margrave become as Friedrich I. The unity of Berlin and Colln continued to get stronger because by the year 1432, they created a united municipal council but this did not last for long as ten years later; the united administration did not interest Friedrich II and was terminated in his efforts to strengthen his control. Berlin despite all this was continuing to get shape as a city as by 1443, was the time when a foundation stone for the current Berlin City was laid at Spree Island on the Colln side (Berlin in Brief, "History-Berlin.de"). This was the start of the growth of the city and construction continued up to 1716 when the city started getting its historic shape that still remains evident today.

In 1486, Johann Cicero who was the elector at the time made it official that Brandenburg electors from Hohenzollerns should have their permanent residing place at Colln. This permanent residence of the authorities gave the location the chance to posses a significant influence politically but at the same time sacrificed their freedoms. As the time went on, the population of Berlin was growing and it had reached 12,000 by the start of the 16th century. Thirty nine years later (1539), changes were taking place at Brandenburg and it was the 1st November that year where as per the Lutheran Spandau's St. Nicholas Church practices, the elector, that time Joachim II was supposed to take a communion. As the leader of his people, majority of his followers followed suit and the following day saw thousands of the united Berlin-Colln inhabitants take their communion in a ceremony that was held in publicly. The following year in summer (1540) the public practice become recognized by the church and become a common practice across Brandenburg. In 1571, the oldest inn (Zum Nussbaum) in Berlin started operating at southern parts of Fisher Island in Colln, in a construction that got demolished in 1943 (Becker-Cantarino 57). Due to the historic importance of the inn, it was reconstructed between 1986 and 1987 but this time at Nikolaiviertel.

In 1647, a tree lined path was constructed linking the City palace and Tiergarten which was the elector's preserved hunting place in the western sides of the city which become later as the Unter den linden. A year later when a 30-year-old war came to an end, the population of Berlin had reduced to merely 6,000 people. The following construction of the united Berlin and Colln continued up to 1683 and it took the shape of a fortified town, forming a star shaped structure made up of 13 projecting parts of a fortification. Currently, the remnants of these fortifications are visible when one is close to Markisches Museum. In 1671, a Jewish Berlin society was formed and the population grew to comprise of over thousands individuals made up of 114 families. In 1672 another community known as Huguenot society/community was formed, first made up of 100 members and the number rose to 700 in the following five years. By 1685, the greatest elector of the time Friedrich Wilhelm gave the Edict of Potsdam and as majority of Huguenots were experiencing prosecution in France for what they held deed, their faith, they fled to Berlin as well as Mark Brandenburg. This migration was possible and easy for the fleeing Huguenots because a law existed since 1661, under the great elector, that fewer restrictions existed for not only potential new settlers, but also for immigrants who were experiencing religious threats and their locations.

Due to the increasing influx of immigrants to Berlin and Mark Brandenburg, the population grew to 20,000 improving trade hence bettering the economy. In 1695, the then elector, Friedrich III constructed a palace for his wife at the Western sides of the united Berlin-Colln close to Lietzenburg and when she died in 1705, the place was for the rest of time become Charlottenburg palace (Berlin in Brief, "History-Berlin.de").

Berlin, the royal capital

During the start of the eighteenth century, specifically on the 18th day of January 1701, Berlin continued to gain recognition as the then elector Friedrich III gained the Friedrich I status, becoming the King of Prussia and thus, Berlin become a royal residing place. With the authority conferred on him, Friedrich I gives a legal judgment that Berlin, Colln, Friedrichwerder, Dorotheenstadt and Friedrichstadt should unite to create the majestic residence and chief town of Berlin. This unity saw the Berlin population reach 55,000 in number (Berlin in Brief, "History-Berlin.de").

Development still continued for Berlin and was in 1717 when there was introduction of the essential education in the city but this took decades for it to commence. Nevertheless, in 1726, Friedrich's cabinet voted to convert the then referred as "plague house" constructed in 1709, to Charite and currently, it is the oldest health center in Berlin as well as the Germany's earliest health school. Between 1732 and 1739, approximately over thousand Bohemians came to Berlin escaping prosecution due to their religions and it was by 1737 when they had had… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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