History of Education in Kuwait Research Paper

Pages: 7 (2510 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 7  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Teaching

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .

The ratio of national to expatriate teachers over the years of reformation has not remained stagnant. Significant fluctuations have been noticed and are described below (Ministry of Education, 2008).

In 1982, public schools employed 24,367 teachers in total, of which only 6,478 belonged to Kuwait. On the contrary, in academic year of 1997-1998, public schools employed 27,359 teachers in total, of which 17,357 were Kuwaiti citizens. Therefore, the ratio of national to expatriate teachers increased from 1.3:7.6 in 1982 to 1.7:1 in 1998. This indicates that although assistance of foreign teachers was sought in the early days of development, this dependency reduced largely when Kuwaiti citizens were in a better position to perform these services. However, the ratio is just a statistical analysis and a lot of information is hidden behind these figures. For instance, Kuwaiti teachers were mostly employed in primary schools, rather than secondary schools. Therefore, the ingress of men into the teaching profession was confined to lower levels of education only (Ministry of Education, 2008).

Education industry was the driving factor in the transformation process of Kuwait as it would not have been possible without the excessive investment in the educational field to ensure that the workforce is educated and skilled. Government did not withdraw its input after the primary objectives were achieved. This is evident from the fact that by 1990s, around 300,000 students were enrolled in the education system and government invested 5.5% of GNP and 8.9% of yearly income on education (Ministry of Education, 2008).

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Since 1966, education has been the priority for Kuwaiti government. Ministry of Education took all possible measures to ensure that no citizen of Kuwait is deprived of this facility. Measures included providing free education to citizens and making it compulsory for citizens in the age group of 6-14 years. Along with this, the increase in number of schools each year validates the government's interest in the education industry. Today, this has benefited the state as the citizens of Kuwait are stable and in a position to meet the everyday challenges of life (UNESCO-IBE, 2011).

TOPIC: Research Paper on History of Education in Kuwait Assignment

Educational structure of Kuwait comprises of General and Advanced system. General system divides the school into two categories, public schools and private schools. These two categories have been further classified into elementary, intermediate and secondary schools. In 1995, there were 861 schools in the whole region, of which 586 were government schools with 280,709 students (140,979 female, 139,730 male) and remaining 275 schools were private institutions with 113,857 students (52,991 female, 60,866 male) Advanced system comprises of all colleges, universities and applied educational centers offering specialization and technical courses such as technology, education, commerce, communication, electrical, hydro engineering, industry and nursing amongst other. The academic year of 1995-1996 witnessed 4,355 students being registered with the educational centers of which 4,248 were Kuwaiti citizens (UNESCO-IBE, 2011).

Kuwait University was established in 1966 and was the first institute to offer specialization in the field of humanities, scientific, educational or social sciences. With the passage of time, the courses being offered increased and so did the number of students. In the academic year of 1995-1996, 16,691 students were enrolled in this university (having staff of 845 teachers comprising of both nationals and expatriates), of which 906 students came from other countries and the rest were Kuwaitis (UNESCO-IBE, 2011).

Kuwait University was the only institute that had the status of a university. There was another public institution, Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, which offered specialized courses for 2 years. This institute was funded by the government and therefore, a nominal amount of tuition fees was claimed from students. Kuwait University offered courses for men and women both. In 2006, 26% of women attended higher education as compared to only 11% of men. At an average, there were 18% of students from each age group enrolled in the University (UNESCO-IBE, 2011).

As highlighted in the statistics above, Kuwait University was mainly for its citizens with limited seats for foreigners. Materialization of private universities ensured that citizens get quality education in their home country. Other than universities, there were a number of private institutions offering specialized courses, such as Gulf American College, Australian college of Kuwait, the Maastricht School for MBA and Box Hill College for Girls. Amid the private institutions, Arab Open University was most popular which is evident from the fact that it had 6,300 students enrolled as of 2005 (UNESCO-IBE, 2011).

Private Education

Private institutions mainly provide general level of education, which includes elementary, intermediate and secondary education. A nominal amount of fees is charged to students as the institutions are mostly funded by government. Kuwait Information Office Education Statistics has revealed the following data for academic year 1998-1999. A sample has been selected for the purpose of reporting to analyze the trend in private education. For example, Al-Bayan Bilingual School registered 1,131 students in Grade N-12, Fawzia Sultan International School enrolled 48 students in Grade pre-K12, New English School registered 1,750 students in Grade K-U6, American International School in Kuwait enrolled 1,155 students in Grade K-12 and 1,270 students in Grade pre-K12, British School in Kuwait registered 1,300 students in K -- A levels and Universal American School enrolled 1,200 students in Grade N-12 (UNESCO-IBE, 2011).

There were other private institutions besides the ones mentioned above such as, Gulf English School, American Academy for Girls and Kuwait French School. For private institutions, the positive point was that parents had various options to choose from based on languages and courses offered (UNESCO-IBE, 2011).

References

Bilboe, W. (2011). Vocational education and training in Kuwait: Vocational education vs. values and viewpoint. International Journal of Training Research, 9: 256 -- 260.

General Secretariat of the Supreme Council for Planning and Development. UNDP Kuwait. Kuwait Country Report on the Millennium Development Goals: Achievements and challenges 2010. 2010.

Kuwait National Commission for Education, Science and Culture. Department of Planning of the Ministry of Education. National report on the development of education. State of Kuwait,… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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