History of Native Americans Essay

Pages: 5 (1489 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 6  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Native Americans

3. What is the Indian Reorganization Act or "Indian New Deal"?

The Indian New Deal or the Indian Reorganization Act could be recognized as the only dazzling mark by which the United States' administration treated the minorities elegantly (Roberts).

The Indian New Deal terminated the Allotment Act and reconsolidate the reservation lands for Native Americans so that they could be restored to the communal society. The next step that was taken was the organization of the Native American tribes as a corporation. This New Deal also reformed the education for the minorities. The federal government was asked to allocate more funds to schools for the accommodation of a higher number of native children. The encouragement of Native Americans' traditional art and craft was also a part of the New Deal. Moreover, the continuation of religious festivals was also allowed. The Indian New Deal was neither a complete success nor a complete failure. It, however, changed the position of the Natives before the law officially (Roberts).

4. Compare and contrast Hopewell and Mayan culture.

Hopewell Culture

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The Hopewell Culture has been named after a group of mounds that have been found on land whose owner was Captain Mordecai C. Hopewell. This Culture was related to the mound builders just like Adena Culture. With the aging of Adena Culture, history revealed the refinement of its cultural practices including the earthworks, the artifacts, living style, and development of agriculture. This cultural migration paved for a new group of Mound Builders, the Hopewell Culture ("Hopewell Culture" 2011).

Essay on History of Native Americans How Assignment

The earthworks produced by the Hopewell were spectacularly larger. They were made with more complex and varied shapes. The earthworks remained today are just piles of dirt. However, they clearly indicate that those who created them were extremely structured and accurate people. Southern Ohio is said to be the cultural hub of the Hopewell Culture. The burial mounds made by the Hopewell Culture were located either inside or in close proximity to gigantic scaled earthworks ("Hopewell Culture" 2011).

Keen analysis of the Hopewell Culture reveals that their usage of certain aspects of geometry which means that they were quite aware of the long-range astronomical proceedings. Most of the constructions of their time prove that they were aware and attentive of the location of the moonrise changes. The recovery of artifacts points out that the Hopewell had acquired the occupations of hunters and farmers ("Hopewell Culture" 2011).

Mayan Culture

The Maya civilization had its origin in the valleys of Mexico and Central America. The kings ruled Mayan cities and were in complete control of the Mayan people. The Mayans inhabited the tropical zones of Mesoamerica. Not only did they develop agricultural techniques but also developed terraced farming and irrigation systems. Their population increased significantly due to the abundance of food and resources in the area. They regarded corn, moon, sun and rain as their gods. They are also known as the most advanced society at that time. They were so knowledgeable in astronomical studies that they used this science even in planning wars ("THE MAYA: People of the Jaguar").

Their knowledge and scientific approach was so amazing that they not only developed a mathematical system but also created three kinds of calendar known as the Civil Calendar, the Ritual Calendar and the Long Count. They also build up a writing system that was based on glyphs. They regarded artisans and craftsmen as an important part of their city life. Musical instruments, dancing, weaving, basketwork, pottery etc. were the essential parts of their daily lives. This rich culture declined in 900 C.E. ("THE MAYA: People of the Jaguar").


"Natives, North American." In The Columbia Encyclopedia 6th ed., edited by Lagass, Paul. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=117035175 (accessed May 9, 2012).

Ohio City Productions, Inc., "Hopewell Culture." Last modified 2011. Accessed May 9, 2012. http://www.touring-ohio.com/history/hopewell-culture.html.

Roberts, P. "The Indian New Deal: And Why It Was Needed." Accessed May 9, 2012. http://www.usfsm.edu/academics/cas/capstone/2009-2010/history/roberts - the indian new deal and why it was needed.pdf.

Sale, K. The Conquest of Paradise: Christopher Columbus and the Columbian Legacy. New York: Plume, 1995. Print.

"Settlement and Economic Development: The Colonies to 1763 (Overview)."Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. 2000. Encyclopedia.com. (May 9, 2012). http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3406400846.html

"THE MAYA: People of the Jaguar." Accessed May 9, 2012. http://www.middletownk12.org/leads/files/The Maya 1.pdf. [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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"History of Native Americans."  Essaytown.com.  May 9, 2012.  Accessed January 26, 2021.