Term Paper: Holocaust Affected Israeli Society

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[. . .] A higher number, in terms of percentage, of the children who were orphaned ended up in the ghettos, death camps, and the death marches. When the parents survived, they succeeded often in finding hiding places for the children and also care for them. The non-Jewish family who cared for the children had to be paid for doing so. When the parents were of a high status in the socioeconomic order, then knew more people than others among the non-Jews, and were more easily able to find places to hide for both themselves and their children. 10 The child and the parents sometimes even hid together. Even when they hid in different places, the parents managed to maintain some contacts with the children as long as the parents were not sent to concentration camps. This continued throughout the war.

This made it easier for the children to adjust to normal society after the war ended. The psychological trauma they had suffered was less and this had helped in their development psychologically. Even when the war ended, the presence of parents helped the children to easily adjust to schools, the society or to Israel if they emigrated there. This was even done by parents coming back from the camps. This direct support by the parents helped the children to get better education than the orphans. The child orphans had to struggle throughout the war as they did not get any support from their parents during the entire period now called the "Holocaust."11. They also had to build their later lives. This enormous pain and suffering during the period, combined with the absence of the natural support from parents, produced enormous suffering among the orphaned survivors. Naturally, this suffering was more than the other children who had parents.

10. James, Najarian. "Experiences of Holocaust Survivors." Mid East Quarterly, Vol.56, 1993, 115

11. Ibid, 117 notable occasion, the International conference for Hidden Children took place in New York City during the May of 1991. Around sixteen hundred survivors and rescuers assembled in the place.

The Israeli government has rendered a big hand in saving the reminiscence of the people who died in the Holocaust. There is a Reminiscence law that associates to Martyrs and Heroes who are noble and helped in rescuing the Jews. These people have had epaulettes etched with their names placed at Yad Vashem, the museum in Jerusalem that holds a memorial for European Jews who lost their lives in the Holocaust and the Christians who attempted to rescue them. 12 And also, the Anti-Defamation leaguer is sending monthly stipends to the required and older redeemers to make it convenient for them. Although it has been approximately forty years since the final areas were freed, the Jewish people still have not come out of the grave losses that they incurred. The gist that the holocaust bears is that people can be thrust into the irredeemable hell and strike the death knell for them.

But if they have the mettle they will through course of time evolve, just as the Jewish people have done. This was a sad and revolting juncture in our history and certainly, we will never be affected by it another time. The lost lives cannot be redeemed. It is of course a fact that many survived, but majority did not. Would it be appropriate to call it a survival or just that one has escaped from death? Most of those who managed to survive and tell the story would say that they escaped death. They are in no way chivalrous, one may say. The thoughts and reminiscences of Holocaust victims in current surroundings are mitigating. As there is the passage of time, there is also a passing away of the survivors. Their reminiscences of real chill and dearth of food, of real arduousness and incurred loss represent a new reality from their preceding lives.

12. Todd, Davison. "The Holocaust experience." International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol, 24, 1994, 157

After the World War II was over, American Jewish community discovered itself to be the hugest, most rich, and politically impacting community in the globe. Almost without any remote exception, American Jews gave a hand in the attempts to free the burden of those who had come out of the Holocaust by coordinating the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine as a resort for them. They fought vehemently for governmental support for the hoisting of a Jewish state. They then fought for monetary and military parity to be gained by the government of Israel. American Jews also donated large chunks of money to give hand to the resettlement of refugees in the place. The Holocaust had a significant impact in changing the scale and timetable of Zionist activities so that freedom reachable in course of years rather than a course of decades. Scaleable moldings that can be donated to the punishment of German and after 1939 European Jewish community is comprehensive of the turn to mass friendship, a flexibility to pinpoint Zionist goals, and the change of Zionism from one factor in the Jewish political setup to the core factor in all Jewish communities that eked out a survival. 13

The Israeli government slotted holocaust Remembrance Day during the juncture of 1950s. The implementation of ceremonies for the purpose of literacy is a prominent occurrence in the history of religions. Ceremonies that include Passover Seder or Christian Mass were as a source patterned not only to integrate the community of faith holders, but also to implement axioms of the belief to the congregation during the time of participation in the auspicious event. The current nation state also imbibed values to change new ceremonies from celebrating its victories into educational instruments, imbibing the masses with ultimate principles for the state's rule.

13. James, Najarian. "Experiences of Holocaust Survivors." Mid East Quarterly, Vol.56, 1993, 117

Anyhow, both of the religious organizations and the nation states have chosen, generally, to maintain such ceremonies uniquely aloof from government sponsored educational organizations. The individuality of the education system that was laid by the Yishuv, and which has continuously enhanced in the State of Israel, was its efforts to unify secular functions into the official teaching system, thus developing their orthodox impacts. Among all the functions held in Israeli schools after statehood, the Holocaust Remembrance Day and Memorial Day for Fallen IDF (Israel Defense Forces) Soldiers were given assignment, and still have a share as the unbeatable initiating status. 14

It was considered as a yearly homage on the Hebrew date associated with the anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in April 1943. Jewish people required a day to pay homage to those who fought through the turmoil, and those who were inclusive in the suffrage. But how can a day chosen for an occasion that lasted for several years. Some inferred that it would be correct to mark the tenth of Tevet, but this particular day represents the onset of the attack on Jerusalem and this has no real correspondence to the Holocaust. Yet others like the Zionists, had faith that the date should be April 19th. This was in acknowledgement to the onset of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising on April 19, 1943 due to the fact that many people had participation in this revolt. 15

14. Ben-Amos, Avner; Bet-El; Ilana. "Holocaust Day and Memorial Day in Israeli Schools: Ceremonies, Education and History" Israel Studies, Vol. 4, 1999, 258

15. Yossi, Shain, "The Holocaust." Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, Vol.51, 1995, 128

The difficulty with this date is that it is the Nissan or the onset of Passover which is a time of joyous reveling. Argument was in continuance and at last there was a compromise which was brought forth in 1950. The date should turn out to be the 27th of Nissan which comes after Passover but within the juncture of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. Official release of the holiday came on April 12, 1951 from Israel's parliament (the Knesset), who labeled the day Yom Hashoah U'Mered HaGetaot (Holocaust and Ghetto Revolt Remembrance Day) which was later to be labeled Yom Hashoah Ve Hagevurah (Devastation and Heroism Day). Nowadays it has been cut down to Yom Hashoah and constitutes the Israel's national day of mourning and commemoration of the Victims of the Holocaust. The Remembrance Day Law carried out by the Israeli Parliament in 1959 sets this in a time frame. 16

Yom Hashoah gives a chance to make assurance that the crimes perpetrated in the Nazi period leave an indelible impression, and the association of the Holocaust is understood in the right context. Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Day was an entitlement preferred in the primitive years of the State of Israel. This name alludes that the Holocaust of six million people, and the heroic performance of those who resorted to arms, the rebels and revolt revelers, are two unique units. But it turns out… [END OF PREVIEW]

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