Homeland Security and Preparedness, Response Capstone Project

Pages: 8 (2666 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 8  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .

(Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(2) Geo-Call Mapping A county map with colored push pins representing call types and locations. The color bar and pie charts correlating calls by day and time. Awareness of crime locations and nexus to day and time lead to meaningful patrol, prevention, and disruption. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(3) Deputies Resource Center The center offers professional magazines, intelligence pamphlets, and case law updates. This creates a professional culture with efficient and effective law enforcement. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(4) Intelligence Database Intelligence information is submitted. Intelligence is shared. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(5) All Hazards An intelligence analyst e-mails important information regarding potential public safety hazards. This leads to situational awareness among all public safety stakeholders. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(6) Open-Source Alerts An intelligence analyst provides public and private sector open source intelligence. These identify criminals and assist with crime prevention, disruption, and reduction. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(7) Web site Alerts, News, and Twitter. An analyst uses a Web site as a communication vehicle to the public. These identify criminals and assist with crime prevention, disruption, and reduction. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

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(8) Daily Meetings An intelligence analyst, investigator, and chief deputy meet to identify crime patterns, trends, and situational topics. The meetings focus on problems and help to identify and arrest offenders and to prevent, disrupt, and reduce crime. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(9) Weekly Report An analyst provides weather forecast. Reports facilitate environmental awareness for traffic and other public safety and law enforcement planning. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

TOPIC: Capstone Project on Homeland Security and Preparedness, Response, Assignment

Augmented Reality (AR) is cited as a powerful technology that will be used by law enforcement. Wearable units are reported as currently being under development and such that "will also have a dramatic impact on policing, creating innovative methods for combating crime and terrorism. AR applications for policing include those stated as follows:

Patrol:

(1) Real-time language translation along with data on cultural customs and traditions,

(2) Real-time intelligence about crimes and criminals in the patrol area,

(3) Facial, voiceprint and other biometric recognition data of known criminals to allow instantaneous identification,

(4) Integration of chemical, biological and explosive sensors to immediately notify officers of any local contamination and recommend appropriate protective measures for themselves and the public,

(5) Scalable, three dimensional maps, complete with building floor plans, sewer system schematics, public utility information and public transportation routes, accessed at will to improve situational awareness and response to problems, and (6) Patrol car operator data and regional traffic management information on a heads- up display to make driving safer and more efficient, especially in pursuit and rapid response situations. (Cowper and Buerger, nd)

SWAT Operations:

(1) Improved situational awareness during dynamic and dangerous incidents, enhanced cohesiveness between team members and better coordination with command personnel to make SWAT operations safer and more effective,

(2) In tactical situations, modulates the audio effects of gunshots (both hostile and friendly) to enhance concentration while providing the user with superior hearing capabilities over long distances,

(3) Advanced optics to provide zoom, thermal and infrared imaging for the location and apprehension of fleeing criminals, buried or concealed disaster survivors, or missing persons,

(4) Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) technology, worn by every police officer, to reduce or eliminate friendly fire casualties by visually, audibly and/or hectically highlighting fellow police officers both on and off-duty, and Interface of human-machine components that extend human capabilities and "presence" to remote locations. (Cowper and Buerger, nd)

Criminal Investigation:

(1) Enhanced ability to gather information, follow leads and visualize large amounts of data in real-time to solve crimes and more quickly identify and capture dangerous criminals and terrorists,

(2) Speaker recognition capability to provide investigators the ability to accurately match voices against known criminals,

(3) Advanced optics to allow investigators to lip-read from great distances in situations where listening devices are impractical,

(4) The use of AR video, audio and sensing devices used to visualize blood patterns, blood stains and other sensor-detectable forensic data available at crime scenes, ? Automatic sensor readings that calculate distance and height and directly create digital and AR maps for court presentation, and (5) The coordinated use of robots, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and police officers managed through an AR network to enhance surveillance activities. (Cowper and Buerger, nd)

Training: Realistic training scenarios to simulate dangerous police environments while blending real-world equipment and fellow trainees into the scenario. (Cowper and Buerger, nd)

Supervision: Real-time monitoring of patrol activities through the use of a video/audio feed from the street, Display of location, activity and status information projected on a 3 dimensional map of the community, Supervision of critical incident response to include the monitoring of the physiological status of all personnel, permitting the assignment of dangerous tasks to those who are mentally and physically best able to perform, and Coordination of widely dispersed units through the use of visual, audible and haptic cues from the supervisor. (Cowper and Buerger, nd)

Findings

The findings in this study which addressed the research question that asks in light of the past disasters experienced by the United States such as the events of September 11, 2001, and Hurricane Katrina among others, are the emergency response agencies and the law enforcement agencies in a better position to handle disasters from preparation to response and ultimately recovery effectively in the event of disasters or terrorist attacks? The research hypothesis in this study is one that posited that law enforcement in the United States is today better equipped to handle terrorist attacks and any terrorist threat than it was prior to the events of September 11, 2011. The findings in this study are that today's law enforcement is much better prepared through technology, and policing methods to respond and assist in the effective recovery in the event of disasters or terrorists attacks.

References

Bowman, M.E. (2007) Law Enforcement Technology Intelligence, and the War on Terror. JFQ. Issue 46, 3rd Quarter 2007. Retrieved from: http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=9dfc7c9b-537f-44b9-a461-ed45b8fa1a76%40sessionmgr12&vid=1&hid=11

Central Intelligence Agency, (2011). About CIA. Retrieved June 30, 2012 from Cowper, TJ and Buerger, ME (nd) Improving Our View of the World: Police and Augmented Reality Technology. Retrieved from: http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/police-augmented-reality-technology-pdf

Edwards, John B. (2012) Intelligence Led Policing Connecting Urban and Rural Operations. Retrieved from: http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=1afefbff-3d5c-4282-bcda-00e357218031%40sessionmgr11&vid=1&hid=12

from http://www.dhs.gov/files/prepresprecovery.shtm

Homeland Security, (2011). Preparedness, Response & Recovery. Retrieved June 30, 2012

http://www.justice.gov/opa/whitepaperonnsalegalauthorities.pdf

https://www.cia.gov/about-cia/index.html

Peterson, Craig (2007) "City Looks at $40M Police Headquarters" NLECTC Law Enforcement & Corrections Technology News Summary. 6 Sept. 2007. Retrieved from: http://criminal-justice-online.blogspot.com/2007/09/law-enforcement-technology.html

SECURITY Agency Described by the President. Retrieved June 30, 2012 from Sensor Technology Systems to Provide Law Enforcement Agency with Counter-Terrorism Capabilities; Michigan State Police to Equip Emergency Support Team with Highly Advanced Night Vision Goggles from STS (2005) Business Wire, 21 Jul 2005: 1. Retrieved from: http://search.proquest.com/docview/445391204/fulltext/138388C44476198385F/1?accountid=32521

Unmanned Aircraft; Overwatch Introduces IM-PACT Law Enforcement Investigative Analysis Toolkit Anonymous. Bioterrorism Week (Jun 27, 2011): 9.Retrieved from: http://search.proquest.com/docview/873247547/fulltext/138388C44476198385F/7?accountid=32521

US Department of Justice, (2006). Legal Authorities Supporting the Activities of the National

US DOD: DoD News Briefing -- Part 2 of 2: [1] M2 Presswire [Coventry] 31 Jan 2003:… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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