Term Paper: Human Cloning Should Be Allowed

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[. . .] " These images then, are based in fear and as long as these images remain associated with cloning, it is difficult to consider the real issues. It becomes a reflex for people and the media to reject cloning, despite the fact that the arguments against it are unfounded.

Another author further shows how the argument is not based on reality, by describing the initial reaction to cloning. As the author says, "A striking feature of these early responses was that their strength and intensity seemed far to outrun the arguments and reasons offered in support of them" (Brock 141). Brock (141) goes on to describe these reactions as "gut level emotional reactions rather than considered reflections on the issue." It must be noted at this point that these 'emotional reactions' are not likely a product of a true gut reaction to the issue, but rather a reaction based on perceptions already held. The fact is that cloning has been rejected by society long before it became a potential reality. In films such as Star Wars and in television shows such as Star Trek cloned populations represent the evil characters in society. This assumption that cloning creates a society of people who fail to be individuals creates a reasonable state of concern. The problem is, that this state of society is not a reality. Firstly, clones would not be identical, but would differ because of their environments and their own actions. It is worth noting at this point, that identical twins are actually a natural clone. Yet, identical twins still differ in their characteristics and personalities and so are not identical to the point where they are not individuals. It is worth noting that cloning is expected to create adults less alike than identical twins (Maddox 404). The idea that cloning will result in a different type of society is also a fallacy. Like any new technology, cloning will takes its proper place within society and be shaped by the regulations of society.

In summary, the distinction between the real impact cloning will have and the imagined impact must be recognized. There is no reason to reject cloning based on the current fear-based perceptions of it. The common arguments against cloning are not based on a realistic view of the impact of the issue, but on a speculative view biased by a negative view of cloning that has developed long before human cloning became a real issue. Cloning is not something that will necessarily be evil, nor will it have the impact critics describe. Instead, cloning is a technology that can be utilized by society just as society utilizes artificial insemination and other technological innovations. These innovations do not alter the basic views of society, they simply fit into the system of society. Cloning is far more likely to fit in as a means of delivering organs for organ transplants, or as a means of allowing infertile couples to have children. This likely reality is far removed from the common perception that cloning will result in armies of identical humans or 'superhumans.' This is not to say that cloning should necessarily be accepted. It simply means that cloning should be considered for what it is and not for some distorted public perception with a basis in fear and misunderstanding. The only way to make a valid decision about cloning is to understand it fully and this requires that cloning not be dismissed, but be researched and further investigated.

Works Cited

Brock, D.W. "Cloning Human Beings: An Assessment of the Ethical Issues Pro and Con." In Clones and Clones. Ed. Martha C. Nussbaum and Cass R. Sunstein. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1998.

Dawkins, R. "What's Wrong With Cloning?" In Clones and Clones. Ed. Martha C. Nussbaum and Cass R. Sunstein. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1998.

Dawson, K. "A scientific examination of some speculations about continuing human pre-embryo research." Ed. Peter Singer, Helga Kuhse, Stephen Buckle, Karen Dawson, & Pascal Kasimba. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Edwards, R. Life Before Birth: Reflections on the Embryo Debate. London: Hutchinson, 1989.

Elshtain, J.B. "To Clone or Not To Clone." In Clones and Clones. Ed. Martha C. Nussbaum and Cass R. Sunstein. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1998.

Maddox, J.… [END OF PREVIEW]

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