Essay: Hurricane Katrina When Former New

Pages: 6 (2216 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 6  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Weather  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] Indeed, there are several challenges to the U.S. crisis management system:

Huge geographic area -- covering numerous biomes, types of natural disasters (from ice to tsunami, etc.).

Fifty States with thousands of local and municipal police, fire, and local governmental bureaucracies.

Lack of defined authority and role in disaster management (e.g. In certain criminal cases, the FBI takes precedence due to Federal jurisdiction, there are precedents for establishing a chain of command).

Upgrade the prediction model, work with city and regional engineers to anticipate problems before they occur

Utilize the system of declaring a "disaster" to more quickly move dollars and resources into hard-hit areas.

Unmire the bureaucracy -- the paperwork and politics can come later, during a disaster the most important issue is saving lives and property ("Crisis Management," Mitroff, Ruben).

Thus, within the system of crisis management, whether public or private, there are several facets that are common and necessary to effectively conclude most any example of crisis behavior: 1) Have a plan in place. Take the lead in decision making, act decisively; 2) Implement the decision(s) as quickly as possible; 3) Communicate both internally and externally and always tell the truth;. 4) Apprise the public and employees when the crisis is over, and inform why; 5) Assess what is learned from the crisis; implement new processes or procedures and communicate those through appropriate channels (Augustine, 2010). Only when firm and structured plans are in place, and logical and morality used, will the philosophy of crisis management translate appropriately to the tactics of crisis management. Perhaps the lessons learned from Katrina will somehow translate into an ability to match the quantitative with the qualitative?

Works Consulted and Cited

Crisis Management (n.d.) 12 MANAGE -- the Executive Fast Track. Retrieved from:

http://www.12manage.com/methods_crisis_management_advice.html

New Orleans Since Katrina: Before and After. (August 27, 2012). The Huffington Post. Retrieved from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/27/new-orleans-since-katrina_n_1834696.html

Augustine, N. et.al. (2000). Harvard Business Review on Crisis Management.

Boston, MA: Harvard Business Publications.

Brasch, Walter. (2005). 'Unacceptable': The Federal Government's Response

To Hurricane Katrina. New York: Booksurge Publications

Cooper, Christopher and Robert Block. (2007). Disaster: Hurricane Katrina and the Failure of Homeland Security. Holt Paperbacks.

Flaherty, J. (August 29, 2012). Post-Katrina Reforms in New Orleans Continue to Disenfranchise. Truth-out.org. Retrieved from: http://truth-out.org / news/item/11192-reform-and-its-discontents

Fink, Steven. (2002). Crisis Management: Planning for the Inevitable. Lincoln, NE:

IUniverse Publishers.

Jonsson, P. (January 18, 2007). New Orlenians seek to halt escalating crime wave. The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved from ProQuest at: http://search.proquest.com/docview/405553864?accountid=28844

Lalwani, T. (2007). Hurricane Katrina: A Man-Made Crisis? The Electronic Hallway of the University of Washington. Retrieved from: www.hallway.org.

Mitroff, Ian and G. Anagnos. (2005). Managing Crises Before They Happen: What Every

Executive And Manager Needs to Know About Crisis. AMACOM.

Reidy, Chris. (September 2, 2005). "U.S. Economy to Feel Katrina's Force." Boston Globe.

Cited in:http://www.boston.com/business/articles 2005/09/02/

us_economy_to_feel_katrinas_force.

Shankman, S., et al., (2010). After Katrina, New Orleans Cops Were Told They Could Shoot Looters. ProPublica -- Law and Disorder. Retrieved from: http://www.propublica.org/nola/story/nopd-order-to-shoot-looters-hurricane-katrina

Sylves, R. (2008). Disaster Policy and Politics: Emergency Management and Homeland

Security. Washington, DC: CQ Press.

Partially is used because many believe the economic damage would have been far less had some of the earlier dikes and engineering plans been better constructed. In addition, many believe adequate measures were not taken to minimize the after effects of this tragedy. See: "Katrina Response a 'Systemic Failure'." (August 30, 2006). Space Daily, in: http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Katrina_Response_A_Systemic_Failure_Former_US_Emergency_Response_Chief_999.html.

Mobile, Alabama gained over 25,000 new inhabitants; Houston, Texas, over 40,000; even Chicago, Illinois almost 10,000 new inhabitants. Even two years after the event, Louisiana showed a 5% population decline. See: "Growth States," CNN, (December 22, 2006) in: http://money.cnn.com/2006/12/22/real_estate/fastest_growing_states/index.htm?postversion=2006122209; and Ladd, Anthony, et.al. (2006). "The Other Diaspora." Paper Given to the Southern Sociological Society Meeting, Cited in: http://www.ssrc.msstate.edu/katrina/publications/katrinastudentsummary.pdf.

Partially is used because many believe the economic damage would have been far less had some of the earlier dikes and engineering plans been better constructed. In addition, many believe adequate measures were not taken to minimize the after effects of this tragedy. See: "Katrina Response a 'Systemic Failure'." (August 30, 2006). Space Daily, in: http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Katrina_Response_A_ Systemic_Failure_Former_US_Emergency_Response_Chief_999.html. [END OF PREVIEW]

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