Hypertension Is Defined as Systolic Research Paper

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[. . .] It also provides treatment guidelines for hypertension. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2005, recommends an intake of no more than 1,500 mg/day. (Seventh Report of Join National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment, 2003)

Despite various campaigns and an increase in awareness on the effects of hypertension, there still seems to be a deficit in the knowledge of, who is included in the high risk group. Effective legislatures need to be implemented to control the risk factors. Media and educational institutes can also help in building enough motivation amongst the public in avoiding these potentially harmful factors that prevent appropriate quality of life. Moreover, educational institutes can impart rules to prevent in campus smoking. They can also keep students focused on extracurricular activities, along with a functional student councilor body to prevent them from indulging in smoking and binge drinking. Governments and support groups need to address to other aspects, such as unemployment, to reduce the amount of stress in an individual's life.Cheap fast food restaurants and easy availability of tobacco smoking are also associated factors that increase hypertension, effects of which are seen years later.

Role of Government, Support Agencies, and Health Care Personnel:

The following bills have been passed by the government in relation to hypertension affirming the importance of controlling obesity, participating in regular physical activity, reducing chronic disease, as key components of a healthy lifestyle, including combating obesity, reducing chronic disease and lowering health costs. However, these bills have not been implemented as yet and no specific law for Indiana currently exists.

Latest Title: Heart Disease Education, Analysis, Research, and Treatment for Women Act

Sponsor: Senator Stabenow, Debbie [MI] (introduced 3/2/2011)

Latest Major Action: 3/2/2011 Referred to Senate committee. Status: Read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions.

OFFICIAL TITLE AS INTRODUCED: A bill to amend the Public Health Service Act to improve women's health by prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases in women.

Latest Title: A resolution affirming the importance of exercise and physical activity as key components of a healthy lifestyle, including in combating obesity, reducing chronic disease, and lowering health care costs.

Sponsor: Senator Casey, Robert P,. Jr. [PA] (introduced 3/9/2011) Latest Major Action: 3/9/2011 Passed/agreed to in Senate. Status: Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (Bill Summary and Status)

There is also a state smoke free policy, defined as, a statute that prohibits smoking in workplaces, restaurants, and/or bars. (If a state statute allows exemptions for designated or ventilated smoking areas in workplaces, restaurants or bars, the state is not considered smoke-free). Other anti-tobacco movements include: National tobacco control program as well as a world no tobacco day, observed on may 31st. (Tobacco Control State Highlights, 2010)

On an international level, May is Hypertension Awareness Month (WHO Tobacco Free Initiative). This month creates awareness amongst people on hypertension, riskfactors and the importance of getting their blood pressures checked. There are also various websites that educate masses on the issue, providing them all the information they need on it. Some examples are: controlhypertension.org and cdc.gov.

Nationally, efforts have been made to install blood pressure monitors in department stores, such as Walgreens, for customers to check their blood pressures for free. Subway and other restaurants have started 'eat healthy campaigns' which motivate the population to reduce extra calories. Campaigns like these help control obesity, in the United States.

There are also various support groups for hypertension such as the Blood Pressure Support Group online where members can share their personal experiences, sympathize and learn about the disease. There are 'Stop Smoking Clinics' for example the Adventist Community Services in Indiana that helps patients walk through the process of quitting smoking, which is a major risk factor for the development of hypertension. Churches have rehab programs and schools have group discussion sessions that help alcoholics (another risk factor for hypertension) and smokers quit. There are also online forums where obese individuals can talk about their problem the various options they have to reduce weight.

Along with doctors, nurses can also play an important role in creating awareness on hypertension, due to the amount of time they spend with patients. At hospitals, nurses are required to record and document the patient's blood pressure on every visit to allow comparison of recent data with the previous. Since Body Mass Index (BMI) and a multitude of other factors also plays a crucial role in development and progression of hypertension, nurses' also record weight and take a thorough relevant history as part of a protocol. Being part of the health team, nurses also have the added obligation emphasize on the need of maintaining optimal blood pressure and to educate patients on lifestyle modifications that could be made and how they can control hypertension if the disease develops.

REFERENCES

Ostchega, Y; Yoon, S.S; Hughes, J; Tatiana, L (2005-2006).Hypertension Awareness, Treatment, and Control -- Continued Disparities in Adults: United States. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db03.pdf

Linda Brookes, MSc. New Classification of Hypertension -- Introducing Pre-hypertension (2003): retrieved from: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/455849_2

Kumar Abbas, Fausto Mitchel. Robbins Basic Pathology (2007).India: Elsevier.

Healthy people website.Healthy people objective Development (2020).Retrieved from: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/objectiveDevelopment.aspx.

Thomas J. Wang, MD; Ramachandran S. Vasan, MD (2005).Epidemiology of Uncontrolled Hypertension in the United States.Retrieved from: http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/112/11/1651#TBL2A.

Healthy People 2020.Healthy People 2020 Summary of Objectives.Retrieved from: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/pdfs/HeartDiseaseStroke.pdf.

National Heart and Lung Institure.National High Blood Pressure Education Program (2007-2008).Retrieved from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/nhbpep/nhbp_pd.htm.

US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (2010).Health United States 2010.Retrieved from:http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus10_InBrief.pdf.

Egan, B.M; Zhao, Y; Axon. N.U.S. Trends in Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension, 1988-2000. Retrieved from: http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/303/20/2043.

CDC. Obesity (2009). Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/stateprograms/fundedstates/indiana.html%201

CDC. TOBACCO CONTROL STATE HIGHLIGHTS 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/state_data/state_highlights/2010/pdfs/highlights2010.pdf.

CDC. Early Release of Selected Estimates Based on Data From the 2009 National Health Interview Survey. retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhis/earlyrelease/earlyrelease201006.pdf#page=52.

Kanny, D; Yong Liu Y; Brewer, R.D. Binge drinking-United States 2009 (2011).Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su6001a22.htm?s_cid=su6001a22_w#tab1.

CDC, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (January, 2011).Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/other/su6001.pdf.

WHO.Tobacco Free Initiative.Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/tobacco/wntd/2010/en/index.html.

The Library of Congress. Bill Summary & Status. Retrieved from: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/D-d112:261:./temp/~bdoqfo:@@@L&summ2=m&|/home/LegislativeData.php?n=BSS;c=112| [END OF PREVIEW]

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